1When the time drew near for David to die, he gave a charge to Solomon his son.2“I am about to go the way of all the earth,” he said. “So be strong, act like a man,3and observe what the Lord your God requires: Walk in obedience to him, and keep his decrees and commands, his laws and regulations, as written in the Law of Moses. Do this so that you may prosper in all you do and wherever you go4and that the Lord may keep his promise to me: ‘If your descendants watch how they live, and if they walk faithfully before me with all their heart and soul, you will never fail to have a successor on the throne of Israel.’5“Now you yourself know what Joab son of Zeruiah did to me—what he did to the two commanders of Israel’s armies, Abner son of Ner and Amasa son of Jether. He killed them, shedding their blood in peacetime as if in battle, and with that blood he stained the belt around his waist and the sandals on his feet.6Deal with him according to your wisdom, but do not let his gray head go down to the grave in peace.7“But show kindness to the sons of Barzillai of Gilead and let them be among those who eat at your table. They stood by me when I fled from your brother Absalom.8“And remember, you have with you Shimei son of Gera, the Benjamite from Bahurim, who called down bitter curses on me the day I went to Mahanaim. When he came down to meet me at the Jordan, I swore to him by the Lord: ‘I will not put you to death by the sword.’9But now, do not consider him innocent. You are a man of wisdom; you will know what to do to him. Bring his gray head down to the grave in blood.”10Then David rested with his ancestors and was buried in the City of David.11He had reigned forty years over Israel—seven years in Hebron and thirty-three in Jerusalem.12So Solomon sat on the throne of his father David, and his rule was firmly established.
Solomon’s Throne Established
13Now Adonijah, the son of Haggith, went to Bathsheba, Solomon’s mother. Bathsheba asked him, “Do you come peacefully?” He answered, “Yes, peacefully.”14Then he added, “I have something to say to you.” “You may say it,” she replied.15“As you know,” he said, “the kingdom was mine. All Israel looked to me as their king. But things changed, and the kingdom has gone to my brother; for it has come to him from the Lord.16Now I have one request to make of you. Do not refuse me.” “You may make it,” she said.17So he continued, “Please ask King Solomon—he will not refuse you—to give me Abishag the Shunammite as my wife.”18“Very well,” Bathsheba replied, “I will speak to the king for you.”19When Bathsheba went to King Solomon to speak to him for Adonijah, the king stood up to meet her, bowed down to her and sat down on his throne. He had a throne brought for the king’s mother, and she sat down at his right hand.20“I have one small request to make of you,” she said. “Do not refuse me.” The king replied, “Make it, my mother; I will not refuse you.”21So she said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given in marriage to your brother Adonijah.”22King Solomon answered his mother, “Why do you request Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? You might as well request the kingdom for him—after all, he is my older brother—yes, for him and for Abiathar the priest and Joab son of Zeruiah!”23Then King Solomon swore by the Lord: “May God deal with me, be it ever so severely, if Adonijah does not pay with his life for this request!24And now, as surely as the Lord lives—he who has established me securely on the throne of my father David and has founded a dynasty for me as he promised—Adonijah shall be put to death today!”25So King Solomon gave orders to Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and he struck down Adonijah and he died.26To Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go back to your fields in Anathoth. You deserve to die, but I will not put you to death now, because you carried the ark of the Sovereign Lord before my father David and shared all my father’s hardships.”27So Solomon removed Abiathar from the priesthood of the Lord, fulfilling the word the Lord had spoken at Shiloh about the house of Eli.28When the news reached Joab, who had conspired with Adonijah though not with Absalom, he fled to the tent of the Lord and took hold of the horns of the altar.29King Solomon was told that Joab had fled to the tent of the Lord and was beside the altar. Then Solomon ordered Benaiah son of Jehoiada, “Go, strike him down!”30So Benaiah entered the tent of the Lord and said to Joab, “The king says, ‘Come out!’ ” But he answered, “No, I will die here.” Benaiah reported to the king, “This is how Joab answered me.”31Then the king commanded Benaiah, “Do as he says. Strike him down and bury him, and so clear me and my whole family of the guilt of the innocent blood that Joab shed.32The Lord will repay him for the blood he shed, because without my father David knowing it he attacked two men and killed them with the sword. Both of them—Abner son of Ner, commander of Israel’s army, and Amasa son of Jether, commander of Judah’s army—were better men and more upright than he.33May the guilt of their blood rest on the head of Joab and his descendants forever. But on David and his descendants, his house and his throne, may there be the Lord’s peace forever.”34So Benaiah son of Jehoiada went up and struck down Joab and killed him, and he was buried at his home out in the country.35The king put Benaiah son of Jehoiada over the army in Joab’s position and replaced Abiathar with Zadok the priest.36Then the king sent for Shimei and said to him, “Build yourself a house in Jerusalem and live there, but do not go anywhere else.37The day you leave and cross the Kidron Valley, you can be sure you will die; your blood will be on your own head.”38Shimei answered the king, “What you say is good. Your servant will do as my lord the king has said.” And Shimei stayed in Jerusalem for a long time.39But three years later, two of Shimei’s slaves ran off to Achish son of Maakah, king of Gath, and Shimei was told, “Your slaves are in Gath.”40At this, he saddled his donkey and went to Achish at Gath in search of his slaves. So Shimei went away and brought the slaves back from Gath.41When Solomon was told that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and had returned,42the king summoned Shimei and said to him, “Did I not make you swear by the Lord and warn you, ‘On the day you leave to go anywhere else, you can be sure you will die’? At that time you said to me, ‘What you say is good. I will obey.’43Why then did you not keep your oath to the Lord and obey the command I gave you?”44The king also said to Shimei, “You know in your heart all the wrong you did to my father David. Now the Lord will repay you for your wrongdoing.45But King Solomon will be blessed, and David’s throne will remain secure before the Lord forever.”46Then the king gave the order to Benaiah son of Jehoiada, and he went out and struck Shimei down and he died. The kingdom was now established in Solomon’s hands.
1 Kings 2
English Standard Version
David’s Instructions to Solomon
1When David’s time to die drew near, he commanded Solomon his son, saying, (Ge 47:29)2“I am about to go the way of all the earth. Be strong, and show yourself a man, (Jos 1:6; Jos 23:14)3and keep the charge of the Lord your God, walking in his ways and keeping his statutes, his commandments, his rules, and his testimonies, as it is written in the Law of Moses, that you may prosper in all that you do and wherever you turn, (De 29:9; 1Ch 22:12)4that the Lord may establish his word that he spoke concerning me, saying, ‘If your sons pay close attention to their way, to walk before me in faithfulness with all their heart and with all their soul, you shall not lack a man on the throne of Israel.’ (2Sa 7:12; 2Sa 7:25; 1Ki 3:6; 1Ki 8:25; 1Ki 9:4; 1Ki 9:5; 2Ki 20:3; Ps 132:12)5“Moreover, you also know what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, how he dealt with the two commanders of the armies of Israel, Abner the son of Ner, and Amasa the son of Jether, whom he killed, avenging in time of peace for blood that had been shed in war, and putting the blood of war on the belt around his waist and on the sandals on his feet. (2Sa 3:27; 2Sa 3:39; 2Sa 18:5; 2Sa 18:12; 2Sa 18:14; 2Sa 20:10; 1Ki 2:32)6Act therefore according to your wisdom, but do not let his gray head go down to Sheol in peace. (1Ki 2:9)7But deal loyally with the sons of Barzillai the Gileadite, and let them be among those who eat at your table, for with such loyalty they met me when I fled from Absalom your brother. (2Sa 9:7; 2Sa 9:10; 2Sa 17:27; 2Sa 19:31)8And there is also with you Shimei the son of Gera, the Benjaminite from Bahurim, who cursed me with a grievous curse on the day when I went to Mahanaim. But when he came down to meet me at the Jordan, I swore to him by the Lord, saying, ‘I will not put you to death with the sword.’ (2Sa 16:5; 2Sa 17:24; 2Sa 19:18)9Now therefore do not hold him guiltless, for you are a wise man. You will know what you ought to do to him, and you shall bring his gray head down with blood to Sheol.” (Ge 42:38; Ge 44:31; 1Ki 2:6)
The Death of David
10Then David slept with his fathers and was buried in the city of David. (1Ki 1:21; 1Ki 3:1; 1Ki 9:24; Ac 2:29; Ac 13:36)11And the time that David reigned over Israel was forty years. He reigned seven years in Hebron and thirty-three years in Jerusalem. (2Sa 5:4; 1Ch 29:26)12So Solomon sat on the throne of David his father, and his kingdom was firmly established. (1Ch 29:23; 2Ch 1:1)
Solomon’s Reign Established
13Then Adonijah the son of Haggith came to Bathsheba the mother of Solomon. And she said, “Do you come peacefully?” He said, “Peacefully.” (1Sa 16:4)14Then he said, “I have something to say to you.” She said, “Speak.”15He said, “You know that the kingdom was mine, and that all Israel fully expected me to reign. However, the kingdom has turned about and become my brother’s, for it was his from the Lord. (1Ki 1:5; 1Ki 1:25; 1Ch 22:9; 1Ch 28:5)16And now I have one request to make of you; do not refuse me.” She said to him, “Speak.”17And he said, “Please ask King Solomon—he will not refuse you—to give me Abishag the Shunammite as my wife.” (1Ki 1:3)18Bathsheba said, “Very well; I will speak for you to the king.”19So Bathsheba went to King Solomon to speak to him on behalf of Adonijah. And the king rose to meet her and bowed down to her. Then he sat on his throne and had a seat brought for the king’s mother, and she sat on his right. (Ps 45:9)20Then she said, “I have one small request to make of you; do not refuse me.” And the king said to her, “Make your request, my mother, for I will not refuse you.”21She said, “Let Abishag the Shunammite be given to Adonijah your brother as his wife.” (1Ki 2:17)22King Solomon answered his mother, “And why do you ask Abishag the Shunammite for Adonijah? Ask for him the kingdom also, for he is my older brother, and on his side are Abiathar the priest and Joab the son of Zeruiah.” (1Ki 1:6; 1Ki 1:7; 1Ki 2:17; 1Ch 3:2; 1Ch 3:5)23Then King Solomon swore by the Lord, saying, “God do so to me and more also if this word does not cost Adonijah his life! (Ru 1:17)24Now therefore as the Lord lives, who has established me and placed me on the throne of David my father, and who has made me a house, as he promised, Adonijah shall be put to death today.” (Ru 3:13; 2Sa 7:11; 2Sa 7:13; 1Ch 22:10)25So King Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he struck him down, and he died. (2Sa 8:18)26And to Abiathar the priest the king said, “Go to Anathoth, to your estate, for you deserve death. But I will not at this time put you to death, because you carried the ark of the Lord God before David my father, and because you shared in all my father’s affliction.” (Jos 21:18; 1Sa 22:20; 1Sa 23:6; 2Sa 15:24; 2Sa 15:29)27So Solomon expelled Abiathar from being priest to the Lord, thus fulfilling the word of the Lord that he had spoken concerning the house of Eli in Shiloh. (1Sa 2:27; 1Ki 2:35)28When the news came to Joab—for Joab had supported Adonijah although he had not supported Absalom—Joab fled to the tent of the Lord and caught hold of the horns of the altar. (2Sa 17:25; 2Sa 18:2; 1Ki 1:7; 1Ki 1:50)29And when it was told King Solomon, “Joab has fled to the tent of the Lord, and behold, he is beside the altar,” Solomon sent Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, saying, “Go, strike him down.”30So Benaiah came to the tent of the Lord and said to him, “The king commands, ‘Come out.’” But he said, “No, I will die here.” Then Benaiah brought the king word again, saying, “Thus said Joab, and thus he answered me.”31The king replied to him, “Do as he has said, strike him down and bury him, and thus take away from me and from my father’s house the guilt for the blood that Joab shed without cause. (Ex 21:14; Nu 35:33; De 19:13; De 21:8)32The Lord will bring back his bloody deeds on his own head, because, without the knowledge of my father David, he attacked and killed with the sword two men more righteous and better than himself, Abner the son of Ner, commander of the army of Israel, and Amasa the son of Jether, commander of the army of Judah. (Jud 9:24; 2Sa 3:27; 2Sa 20:9; 1Ki 2:5; 2Ch 21:13)33So shall their blood come back on the head of Joab and on the head of his descendants forever. But for David and for his descendants and for his house and for his throne there shall be peace from the Lord forevermore.” (1Ki 2:32)34Then Benaiah the son of Jehoiada went up and struck him down and put him to death. And he was buried in his own house in the wilderness.35The king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada over the army in place of Joab, and the king put Zadok the priest in the place of Abiathar. (1Ki 2:27; 1Ki 4:4; 1Ch 29:22)36Then the king sent and summoned Shimei and said to him, “Build yourself a house in Jerusalem and dwell there, and do not go out from there to any place whatever. (1Ki 2:8)37For on the day you go out and cross the brook Kidron, know for certain that you shall die. Your blood shall be on your own head.” (2Sa 1:16; 2Sa 15:23)38And Shimei said to the king, “What you say is good; as my lord the king has said, so will your servant do.” So Shimei lived in Jerusalem many days.39But it happened at the end of three years that two of Shimei’s servants ran away to Achish, son of Maacah, king of Gath. And when it was told Shimei, “Behold, your servants are in Gath,” (1Sa 27:2)40Shimei arose and saddled a donkey and went to Gath to Achish to seek his servants. Shimei went and brought his servants from Gath.41And when Solomon was told that Shimei had gone from Jerusalem to Gath and returned,42the king sent and summoned Shimei and said to him, “Did I not make you swear by the Lord and solemnly warn you, saying, ‘Know for certain that on the day you go out and go to any place whatever, you shall die’? And you said to me, ‘What you say is good; I will obey.’43Why then have you not kept your oath to the Lord and the commandment with which I commanded you?”44The king also said to Shimei, “You know in your own heart all the harm that you did to David my father. So the Lord will bring back your harm on your own head. (1Sa 25:39; 2Sa 16:5)45But King Solomon shall be blessed, and the throne of David shall be established before the Lord forever.” (Pr 25:5)46Then the king commanded Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and he went out and struck him down, and he died. So the kingdom was established in the hand of Solomon. (1Ki 2:12; 2Ch 1:1)