1Then Pilate took Jesus and had him whipped.2The soldiers twisted thorns together to make a crown. They put it on Jesus’ head. Then they put a purple robe on him.3They went up to him again and again. They kept saying, ‘We honour you, king of the Jews!’ And they slapped him in the face.4Once more Pilate came out. He said to the Jews gathered there, ‘Look, I am bringing Jesus out to you. I want to let you know that I find no basis for a charge against him.’5Jesus came out wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Then Pilate said to them, ‘Here is the man!’6As soon as the chief priests and their officials saw him, they shouted, ‘Crucify him! Crucify him!’ But Pilate answered, ‘You take him and crucify him. I myself find no basis for a charge against him.’7The Jewish leaders replied, ‘We have a law. That law says he must die. He claimed to be the Son of God.’8When Pilate heard that, he was even more afraid.9He went back inside the palace. ‘Where do you come from?’ he asked Jesus. But Jesus did not answer him.10‘Do you refuse to speak to me?’ Pilate said. ‘Don’t you understand? I have the power to set you free or to nail you to a cross.’11Jesus answered, ‘You were given power from heaven. If you weren’t, you would have no power over me. So the one who handed me over to you is guilty of a greater sin.’12From then on, Pilate tried to set Jesus free. But the Jewish leaders kept shouting, ‘If you let this man go, you are not Caesar’s friend! Anyone who claims to be a king is against Caesar!’13When Pilate heard that, he brought Jesus out. Pilate sat down on the judge’s seat. It was at a place called the Stone Walkway. In the Aramaic language it was called Gabbatha.14It was about noon on Preparation Day in Passover Week. ‘Here is your king,’ Pilate said to the Jews.15But they shouted, ‘Take him away! Take him away! Crucify him!’ ‘Should I crucify your king?’ Pilate asked. ‘We have no king but Caesar,’ the chief priests answered.
Jesus is nailed to a cross
16Finally, Pilate handed Jesus over to them to be nailed to a cross. So the soldiers took charge of Jesus.17He had to carry his own cross. He went out to a place called the Skull. In the Aramaic language it was called Golgotha.18There they nailed Jesus to the cross. Two other men were crucified with him. One was on each side of him. Jesus was in the middle.19Pilate had a notice prepared. It was fastened to the cross. It read, Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.20Many of the Jews read the sign. That’s because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city. And the sign was written in the Aramaic, Latin and Greek languages.21The chief priests of the Jews argued with Pilate. They said, ‘Do not write “The King of the Jews.” Write that this man claimed to be king of the Jews.’22Pilate answered, ‘I have written what I have written.’23When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes. They divided them into four parts. Each soldier got one part. All that was left was Jesus’ long, inner robe. It did not have any seams. It was made out of one piece of cloth from top to bottom.24‘Let’s not tear it,’ they said to one another. ‘Let’s cast lots to see who will get it.’ This happened so that Scripture would come true. It says, ‘They divided up my clothes among them. They cast lots for what I was wearing.’ So that is what the soldiers did. (Ps 22:18)25Jesus’ mother stood near his cross. So did his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.26Jesus saw his mother there. He also saw the disciple he loved standing nearby. Jesus said to his mother, ‘Dear woman, here is your son.’27He said to the disciple, ‘Here is your mother.’ From that time on, the disciple took her into his home.
28Later, Jesus knew that everything had now been finished. He also knew that what Scripture said must come true. So he said, ‘I am thirsty.’29A jar of wine vinegar was there. So they soaked a sponge in it. They put the sponge on the stem of a hyssop plant. Then they lifted it up to Jesus’ lips.30After Jesus drank he said, ‘It is finished.’ Then he bowed his head and died.31It was Preparation Day. The next day would be a special Sabbath day. The Jewish leaders did not want the bodies left on the crosses during the Sabbath day. So they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.32The soldiers came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus. Then they broke the legs of the other man.33But when they came to Jesus, they saw that he was already dead. So they did not break his legs.34Instead, one of the soldiers stuck his spear into Jesus’ side. Right away, blood and water flowed out.35The man who saw it has been a witness about it. And what he has said is true. He knows that he tells the truth. He is a witness so that you also may believe.36These things happened in order that Scripture would come true. It says, ‘Not one of his bones will be broken.’ (Ex 12:46; Nu 9:12; Ps 34:20)37Scripture also says, ‘They will look to the one they have pierced.’ (Zec 12:10)
Jesus is buried
38Later Joseph asked Pilate for Jesus’ body. Joseph was from the town of Arimathea. He was a follower of Jesus. But he followed Jesus secretly because he was afraid of the Jewish leaders. After Pilate gave him permission, Joseph came and took the body away.39Nicodemus went with Joseph. He was the man who had earlier visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought some mixed spices that weighed about 35 kilograms.40The two men took Jesus’ body. They wrapped it in strips of linen cloth, along with the spices. That was the way the Jews buried people.41At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden. A new tomb was there. No one had ever been put in it before.42That day was the Jewish Preparation Day, and the tomb was nearby. So they placed Jesus there.
English Standard Version
Jesus Delivered to Be Crucified
1Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged him. (Mt 20:19; Mt 27:26; Mr 15:15; Lu 23:16)2And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. (Mt 27:27; Mr 15:16)3They came up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands.4Pilate went out again and said to them, “See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that I find no guilt in him.” (Joh 18:38; Joh 19:6)5So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” (Joh 19:2; Joh 19:14)6When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no guilt in him.” (Joh 18:31; Joh 19:4)7The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” (Le 24:16; Mt 26:63; Lu 22:70; Joh 5:17; Joh 10:33; Joh 10:36)8When Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid. (Mt 27:19)9He entered his headquarters again and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. (Mt 26:63; Joh 7:27; Joh 18:33; Joh 18:37)10So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?”11Jesus answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.” (Mt 27:2; Joh 9:41; Joh 18:14; Joh 18:28; Ro 13:1)12From then on Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” (Lu 23:2; Ac 3:13)13So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic Gabbatha. (Mt 27:19)14Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” (Mt 27:62; Joh 18:28; Joh 19:5)15They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” (Lu 23:18; Ac 21:36)
16So he delivered him over to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus, (Mt 27:26; Mr 15:15; Lu 23:25; Joh 18:36)17and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. (Mt 27:32; Mt 27:33; Mr 15:21; Mr 15:22; Lu 14:27; Lu 23:26; Lu 23:33)18There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. (Mt 27:38; Mr 15:24; Mr 15:27; Lu 23:32)19Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” (Mt 27:37; Mr 15:26; Lu 23:38)20Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. (Nu 15:35; Joh 19:17; Heb 13:12)21So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’”22Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.” (Ge 43:14; Es 4:16)23When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic. But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, (Mt 27:35; Mr 15:24; Lu 23:34)24so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.” So the soldiers did these things, (Ps 22:18; Joh 13:18)25but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. (Mt 27:55; Mr 15:40; Lu 23:49)26When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” (Joh 2:4; Joh 13:23)27Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home. (Joh 16:32)
31Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. (Ex 12:16; De 21:23; Jos 8:29; Jos 10:26; Joh 19:14)32So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him. (Joh 19:18)33But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.34But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. (1Jo 5:6; 1Jo 5:8)35He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe. (Joh 15:27; Joh 20:31; Joh 21:24; 1Jo 1:1; Re 1:2)36For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken.” (Ex 12:46; Nu 9:12; Ps 34:20; Mt 1:22; 1Co 5:7)37And again another Scripture says, “They will look on him whom they have pierced.” (Zec 12:10; Re 1:7)
Jesus Is Buried
38After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body. (Mt 27:57; Mr 15:42; Lu 23:50; Joh 7:13)39Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds in weight. (Ps 45:8; Pr 7:17; So 4:14; Mr 16:1; Lu 24:1; Joh 3:1; Joh 7:50)40So they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. (2Ch 16:14; Lu 24:12; Joh 11:44; Joh 20:5; Ac 5:6)41Now in the place where he was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb in which no one had yet been laid. (2Ki 21:18; 2Ki 21:26; Mr 11:2; Lu 23:53; Joh 20:15)42So because of the Jewish day of Preparation, since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there. (Joh 19:14; Joh 19:31; Joh 19:41)