1 Then Pilate took Jesus and flogged him. (Mt 20:19; Mt 27:26; Mr 15:15; Lu 23:16)2 And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. (Mt 27:27; Mr 15:16)3 They came up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands.4 Pilate went out again and said to them, “See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that I find no guilt in him.” (Joh 18:38; Joh 19:6)5 So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, “Behold the man!” (Joh 19:2; Joh 19:14)6 When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and crucify him, for I find no guilt in him.” (Joh 18:31; Joh 19:4)7 The Jews
1. Greek Ioudaioi probably refers here to Jewish religious leaders, and others under their influence, in that time; also verses 12, 14, 31, 38
 answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law he ought to die because he has made himself the Son of God.” (Le 24:16; Mt 26:63; Lu 22:70; Joh 5:17; Joh 10:33; Joh 10:36)8 When Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid. (Mt 27:19)9 He entered his headquarters again and said to Jesus, “Where are you from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. (Mt 26:63; Joh 7:27; Joh 18:33; Joh 18:37)10 So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?”11 Jesus answered him, “You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore he who delivered me over to you has the greater sin.” (Mt 27:2; Joh 9:41; Joh 18:14; Joh 18:28; Ro 13:1)12 From then on Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar’s friend. Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” (Lu 23:2; Ac 3:13)13 So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic
1. Or Hebrew; also verses 17, 20
 Gabbatha. (Mt 27:19)14 Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour.
1. That is, about noon
 He said to the Jews, “Behold your King!” (Mt 27:62; Joh 18:28; Joh 19:5)15 They cried out, “Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” (Lu 23:18; Ac 21:36)
16 So he delivered him over to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus, (Mt 27:26; Mr 15:15; Lu 23:25; Joh 18:36)17 and he went out, bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. (Mt 27:32; Mt 27:33; Mr 15:21; Mr 15:22; Lu 14:27; Lu 23:26; Lu 23:33)18 There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. (Mt 27:38; Mr 15:24; Mr 15:27; Lu 23:32)19 Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” (Mt 27:37; Mr 15:26; Lu 23:38)20 Many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. (Nu 15:35; Joh 19:17; Heb 13:12)21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’”22 Pilate answered, “What I have written I have written.” (Ge 43:14; Es 4:16)23 When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic.
1. Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin
 But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, (Mt 27:35; Mr 15:24; Lu 23:34)24 so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” This was to fulfill the Scripture which says, “They divided my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.” So the soldiers did these things, (Ps 22:18; Joh 13:18)25 but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. (Mt 27:55; Mr 15:40; Lu 23:49)26 When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, “Woman, behold, your son!” (Joh 2:4; Joh 13:23)27 Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to his own home. (Joh 16:32)
31 Since it was the day of Preparation, and so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. (Ex 12:16; De 21:23; Jos 8:29; Jos 10:26; Joh 19:14)32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other who had been crucified with him. (Joh 19:18)33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water. (1Jo 5:6; 1Jo 5:8)35 He who saw it has borne witness—his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—that you also may believe. (Joh 15:27; Joh 20:31; Joh 21:24; 1Jo 1:1; Re 1:2)36 For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken.” (Ex 12:46; Nu 9:12; Ps 34:20; Mt 1:22; 1Co 5:7)37 And again another Scripture says, “They will look on him whom they have pierced.” (Zec 12:10; Re 1:7)
Jesus Is Buried
38 After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body. (Mt 27:57; Mr 15:42; Lu 23:50; Joh 7:13)39 Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus
1. Greek him
 by night, came bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds
2. Greek one hundred litras; a litra (or Roman pound) was equal to about 11 1/2 ounces or 327 grams