1The Pharisees and Sadducees came to Jesus and tested him by asking him to show them a sign from heaven.2He replied, ‘When evening comes, you say, “It will be fair weather, for the sky is red,”3and in the morning, “Today it will be stormy, for the sky is red and overcast.” You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times.4A wicked and adulterous generation looks for a sign, but none will be given it except the sign of Jonah.’ Jesus then left them and went away.
The yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees
5When they went across the lake, the disciples forgot to take bread.6‘Be careful,’ Jesus said to them. ‘Be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.’7They discussed this among themselves and said, ‘It is because we didn’t bring any bread.’8Aware of their discussion, Jesus asked, ‘You of little faith, why are you talking among yourselves about having no bread?9Do you still not understand? Don’t you remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many basketfuls you gathered?10Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many basketfuls you gathered?11How is it you don’t understand that I was not talking to you about bread? But be on your guard against the yeast of the Pharisees and Sadducees.’12Then they understood that he was not telling them to guard against the yeast used in bread, but against the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees.
Peter declares that Jesus is the Messiah
13When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, ‘Who do people say the Son of Man is?’14They replied, ‘Some say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.’15‘But what about you?’ he asked. ‘Who do you say I am?’16Simon Peter answered, ‘You are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.’17Jesus replied, ‘Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven.18And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it.19I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.’20Then he ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.
Jesus predicts his death
21From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life.22Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. ‘Never, Lord!’ he said. ‘This shall never happen to you!’23Jesus turned and said to Peter, ‘Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling-block to me; you do not have in mind the concerns of God, but merely human concerns.’24Then Jesus said to his disciples, ‘Whoever wants to be my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross and follow me.25For whoever wants to save their life will lose it, but whoever loses their life for me will find it.26What good will it be for someone to gain the whole world, yet forfeit their soul? Or what can anyone give in exchange for their soul?27For the Son of Man is going to come in his Father’s glory with his angels, and then he will reward each person according to what they have done.28‘Truly I tell you, some who are standing here will not taste death before they see the Son of Man coming in his kingdom.’
English Standard Version
The Pharisees and Sadducees Demand Signs
1And the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and to test him they asked him to show them a sign from heaven. (Mt 12:38; Mr 8:11; Lu 11:16; Lu 21:11; Joh 8:6; 1Co 1:22)2He answered them, “When it is evening, you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red.’ (Lu 12:54)3And in the morning, ‘It will be stormy today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ You know how to interpret the appearance of the sky, but you cannot interpret the signs of the times. (Mt 12:28; Lu 12:56; Lu 19:44)4An evil and adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of Jonah.” So he left them and departed. (Mt 4:13; Mt 12:39; Mt 21:17)
The Leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees
5When the disciples reached the other side, they had forgotten to bring any bread.6Jesus said to them, “Watch and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” (Lu 12:1; 1Co 5:6; Ga 5:9)7And they began discussing it among themselves, saying, “We brought no bread.”8But Jesus, aware of this, said, “O you of little faith, why are you discussing among yourselves the fact that you have no bread? (Mt 6:30; Mt 26:10)9Do you not yet perceive? Do you not remember the five loaves for the five thousand, and how many baskets you gathered? (Mt 14:17; Mt 15:16)10Or the seven loaves for the four thousand, and how many baskets you gathered? (Mt 15:34)11How is it that you fail to understand that I did not speak about bread? Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and Sadducees.” (Mt 16:6)12Then they understood that he did not tell them to beware of the leaven of bread, but of the teaching of the Pharisees and Sadducees. (Mt 5:20; Mt 17:13; Mt 23:3)
21From that time Jesus began to show his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and on the third day be raised. (Mt 17:12; Mt 17:22; Mt 20:17; Mt 20:18; Mt 27:63; Mr 8:31; Lu 9:22; Lu 13:33; Lu 24:7; Joh 2:19)22And Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him, saying, “Far be it from you, Lord! This shall never happen to you.”23But he turned and said to Peter, “Get behind me, Satan! You are a hindrance to me. For you are not setting your mind on the things of God, but on the things of man.” (Mt 4:10; Mt 13:41; Ro 8:5; Php 2:5; Php 3:19; Col 3:2)