1If you judge someone else, you have no excuse for it. When you judge another person, you are judging yourself. You do the same things you blame others for doing.2We know that when God judges those who do evil things, he judges fairly.3Though you are only a human being, you judge others. But you yourself do the same things. So how do you think you will escape when God judges you?4Do you make fun of God's great kindness and favor? Do you make fun of God when he is patient with you? Don't you realize that God's kindness is meant to turn you away from your sins?5But you are stubborn. In your heart you are not sorry for your sins. You are storing up anger against yourself. The day of God's anger is coming. Then his way of judging fairly will be shown.6God “will give to each person in keeping with what he has done.” (Ps 62:12; Pr 24:12)7God will give eternal life to those who keep on doing good. They want glory, honor, and life that never ends.8But there are others who only look out for themselves. They don't accept the truth. They go down an evil path. God will pour out his burning anger on them.9There will be trouble and suffering for everyone who does evil. That is meant first for the Jews. It is also meant for the non‑Jews.10But there will be glory, honor and peace for everyone who does good. That is meant first for the Jews. It is also meant for the non‑Jews.11God treats everyone the same.12Some people do not know God's law when they sin. They will not be judged by the law when they die. Others do know God's law when they sin. They will be judged by the law.13Hearing the law does not make a person right with God. People are considered to be right with God only when they obey the law.14Those who aren't Jews do not have the law. Sometimes they just naturally do what the law requires. They are a law for themselves. This is true even though they don't have the law.15They show that what the law requires is written on their hearts. The way their minds judge them gives witness to that fact. Sometimes their thoughts find them guilty. At other times their thoughts find them not guilty.16People will be judged on the day God appoints Jesus Christ to judge their secret thoughts. That's part of my good news.
The Jews and the Law
17Suppose you call yourself a Jew. You trust in the law. You brag that you are close to God.18You know what God wants. You agree with what is best because the law teaches you.19You are sure you can lead people who are blind. You are sure you are a light for those who are in the dark.20You claim to be able to teach foolish people. You can even teach babies. You think that in the law you have all knowledge and truth.21You teach others. But you don't teach yourself! You preach against stealing. But you steal!22You say that people should not commit adultery. But you commit adultery! You hate statues of gods. But you rob temples!23You brag about the law. But when you break it, you rob God of his honor!24It is written, “Those who aren't Jews say evil things against God's name because of you.” (Isa 52:5; Eze 36:22)25Circumcision has value if you obey the law. But if you break the law, it is just as if you hadn't been circumcised.26Sometimes those who aren't circumcised do what the law requires. Won't God accept them as if they had been circumcised?27Many are not circumcised physically, but they obey the law. They will prove that you are guilty. You are breaking the law, even though you have the written law and are circumcised.28A man is not a Jew if he is a Jew only on the outside. And circumcision is more than just something done to the outside of a man's body.29No, a man is a Jew only if he is a Jew on the inside. And true circumcision means that the heart has been circumcised. It is done by the Holy Spirit. It is more than just obeying the written Law. Then a man's praise will not come from others. It will come from God.
English Standard Version
God’s Righteous Judgment
1Therefore you have no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things. (2Sa 12:5; Mt 7:2; Joh 8:7; Ro 1:20)2We know that the judgment of God rightly falls on those who practice such things.3Do you suppose, O man—you who judge those who practice such things and yet do them yourself—that you will escape the judgment of God?4Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God’s kindness is meant to lead you to repentance? (Ex 34:6; Isa 30:18; Ro 3:25; Ro 9:22; Ro 9:23; Ro 10:12; 2Pe 3:9; 2Pe 3:15; Re 2:21)5But because of your hard and impenitent heart you are storing up wrath for yourself on the day of wrath when God’s righteous judgment will be revealed. (De 32:34; Ps 110:5; Jas 5:3)6He will render to each one according to his works: (Job 34:11; Ps 62:12; Pr 24:12; Jer 17:10; Jer 32:19; Mt 16:27)7to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; (Lu 8:15)8but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury. (2Th 2:12)9There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek, (Eze 18:20; 1Pe 4:17)10but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek. (Isa 57:19; Ro 1:16)11For God shows no partiality. (Ac 10:34)
God’s Judgment and the Law
12For all who have sinned without the law will also perish without the law, and all who have sinned under the law will be judged by the law. (1Co 9:21)13For it is not the hearers of the law who are righteous before God, but the doers of the law who will be justified. (Jas 1:22)14For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. (Ro 1:19)15They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them (Jer 31:33)16on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus. (Ec 12:14; Ac 10:42; Ac 17:31; Ro 3:6; Ro 14:10; Ro 16:25; 1Co 4:5; Ga 1:11; 1Ti 1:11; 2Ti 2:8)17But if you call yourself a Jew and rely on the law and boast in God (Mic 3:11; Joh 5:45; Ro 2:23; Ro 9:4)18and know his will and approve what is excellent, because you are instructed from the law;19and if you are sure that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, (Job 29:15; Mt 15:14; Mt 23:16; Joh 9:39)20an instructor of the foolish, a teacher of children, having in the law the embodiment of knowledge and truth— (Lu 11:52; Ga 4:19; 2Ti 1:13; 2Ti 3:5)21you then who teach others, do you not teach yourself? While you preach against stealing, do you steal? (Ps 50:16; Mt 15:1; Mt 23:3)22You who say that one must not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? (Mal 3:8; Ac 19:37)23You who boast in the law dishonor God by breaking the law. (Mal 1:6; Ro 2:17; Ro 3:27)24For, as it is written, “The name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you.” (2Sa 12:14; Isa 52:5; Eze 36:20; Eze 36:23; 2Pe 2:2)25For circumcision indeed is of value if you obey the law, but if you break the law, your circumcision becomes uncircumcision. (Ga 5:3)26So, if a man who is uncircumcised keeps the precepts of the law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision? (Ro 1:32; Ro 3:30; Ro 8:4; Eph 2:11)27Then he who is physically uncircumcised but keeps the law will condemn you who have the written code and circumcision but break the law. (Mt 12:41; Ro 2:29; Ro 7:6; 2Co 3:6)28For no one is a Jew who is merely one outwardly, nor is circumcision outward and physical. (Ro 2:17; Ro 9:6; Ga 6:15)29But a Jew is one inwardly, and circumcision is a matter of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter. His praise is not from man but from God. (De 10:16; De 30:6; Jer 4:4; Ac 7:51; 2Co 10:18; Ga 1:10; Php 3:3; Col 2:11; 1Th 2:4; 1Pe 3:4)