1In the first month the whole community of Israel arrived at the Desert of Zin. They stayed at Kadesh. Miriam died there. Her body was also buried there.2The people didn't have any water. So they gathered together to oppose Moses and Aaron.3They argued with Moses. They said, “We wish we had died when our people fell dead in front of the Lord.4“Why did you bring the Lord's people into this desert? We and our livestock will die here.5Why did you bring us up out of Egypt? Why did you bring us to this terrible place? It doesn't have any grain or figs. It doesn't have any grapes or pomegranates. There isn't even any water for us to drink!”6Moses and Aaron left the people. They went to the entrance to the Tent of Meeting. There they fell with their faces to the ground. Then the glory of the Lord appeared to them.7The Lord spoke to Moses. He said,8“Get your wooden staff. You and your brother Aaron gather the people together. Then speak to that rock while everyone is watching. It will pour out its water. You will bring water out of the rock for the community. Then they and their livestock can drink it.”9So Moses took the wooden staff from the tent. He did just as the Lord had commanded him.10He and Aaron gathered the people together in front of the rock. Moses said to them, “Listen, you who refuse to obey! Do we have to bring water out of this rock for you?”11Then Moses raised his arm. He hit the rock twice with his staff. Water poured out. And the people and their livestock drank it.12But the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron. He said, “You did not trust in me enough to honor me. You did not honor me as the holy God in front of the people of Israel. So you will not bring this community into the land I am giving them.”13Those were the waters of Meribah. That's where the people of Israel argued with the Lord. And that's where he showed them he is holy.
Edom Doesn't Let Israel Pass Through Its Territory
14Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom. The messengers said, “The nation of Israel is your brother. They say, ‘You know about all of the hard times we've had.15Long ago our people went down into Egypt. We lived there for many years. The Egyptians treated us and our people badly.16But we cried out to the Lord. He heard our cry. He sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt. “ ‘Now here we are at the town of Kadesh. It's on the edge of your territory.17Please let us pass through your country. We won't go through any field or vineyard. We won't drink water from any well. We'll travel along the king's highway. We won't turn to the right or the left. We'll just go straight through your territory.’ ”18But the people of Edom answered, “You can't pass through here. If you try to, we'll march out against you. We'll attack you with our swords.”19The people of Israel replied, “We'll go along the main road. We and our livestock won't drink any of your water. If we do, we'll pay for it. We only want to walk through your country. That's all we ask.”20Again the people of Edom answered, “You can't pass through here.” Then the people of Edom came out against them. They came with a large and powerful army.21Edom refused to let Israel go through their territory. So Israel turned away from them.
22The whole community of Israel started out from Kadesh. They arrived at Mount Hor.23It was near the border of Edom. There the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron. He said,24“Aaron will join the members of his family who have already died. He will not enter the land I am giving to the people of Israel. Both of you refused to obey my command. You did it at the waters of Meribah.25“So get Aaron and his son Eleazar. Take them up Mount Hor.26Take Aaron's official robes off him. Put them on his son Eleazar. Aaron will die on Mount Hor. He will join the members of his family who have already died.”27Moses did just as the Lord had commanded. The three men went up Mount Hor while the whole community was watching.28Moses took Aaron's official robes off him. He put them on Aaron's son Eleazar. And Aaron died there on top of the mountain. Then Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain.29The whole community found out that Aaron had died. So the entire nation of Israel sobbed over him for 30 days.
English Standard Version
The Death of Miriam
1And the people of Israel, the whole congregation, came into the wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed in Kadesh. And Miriam died there and was buried there. (Ex 15:20; Nu 12:1; Nu 13:21; Nu 26:59)
The Waters of Meribah
2Now there was no water for the congregation. And they assembled themselves together against Moses and against Aaron. (Ex 17:1; Nu 16:19; Nu 16:42)3And the people quarreled with Moses and said, “Would that we had perished when our brothers perished before the Lord! (Ex 17:2; Nu 11:1; Nu 11:33; Nu 14:2; Nu 14:37; Nu 16:32; Nu 16:35; Nu 16:49)4Why have you brought the assembly of the Lord into this wilderness, that we should die here, both we and our cattle?5And why have you made us come up out of Egypt to bring us to this evil place? It is no place for grain or figs or vines or pomegranates, and there is no water to drink.” (Ex 17:3)6Then Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly to the entrance of the tent of meeting and fell on their faces. And the glory of the Lord appeared to them, (Le 9:23; Nu 14:5; Nu 16:4; Nu 16:22; Nu 16:45)7and the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,8“Take the staff, and assemble the congregation, you and Aaron your brother, and tell the rock before their eyes to yield its water. So you shall bring water out of the rock for them and give drink to the congregation and their cattle.” (Ex 17:5; Ex 17:6)9And Moses took the staff from before the Lord, as he commanded him. (Nu 17:10)
Moses Strikes the Rock
10Then Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly together before the rock, and he said to them, “Hear now, you rebels: shall we bring water for you out of this rock?” (Ps 106:32)11And Moses lifted up his hand and struck the rock with his staff twice, and water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their livestock. (Nu 20:8)12And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, “Because you did not believe in me, to uphold me as holy in the eyes of the people of Israel, therefore you shall not bring this assembly into the land that I have given them.” (Nu 27:14; De 1:37; De 3:26; De 32:51; Eze 20:41; Eze 36:23; Eze 38:16)13These are the waters of Meribah, where the people of Israel quarreled with the Lord, and through them he showed himself holy. (Ex 17:7; Nu 27:14; De 32:51; De 33:8; Ps 81:7; Ps 95:8; Ps 106:32)
Edom Refuses Passage
14Moses sent messengers from Kadesh to the king of Edom: “Thus says your brother Israel: You know all the hardship that we have met: (Ge 36:31; De 2:4; De 2:8; De 23:7; Jud 11:16; Ob 1:10; Ob 1:12)15how our fathers went down to Egypt, and we lived in Egypt a long time. And the Egyptians dealt harshly with us and our fathers. (Ge 46:6; Ex 1:11; Ex 12:40; De 26:6; Ac 7:15)16And when we cried to the Lord, he heard our voice and sent an angel and brought us out of Egypt. And here we are in Kadesh, a city on the edge of your territory. (Ex 2:23; Ex 3:2; Ex 3:7; Ex 14:19; Ex 23:20; Ex 33:2)17Please let us pass through your land. We will not pass through field or vineyard, or drink water from a well. We will go along the King’s Highway. We will not turn aside to the right hand or to the left until we have passed through your territory.” (Nu 20:19; Nu 21:22; De 2:27)18But Edom said to him, “You shall not pass through, lest I come out with the sword against you.”19And the people of Israel said to him, “We will go up by the highway, and if we drink of your water, I and my livestock, then I will pay for it. Let me only pass through on foot, nothing more.” (Nu 20:17; De 2:6; De 2:28)20But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against them with a large army and with a strong force. (Jud 11:17; Am 1:11)21Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his territory, so Israel turned away from him. (Nu 21:4; De 2:8; De 2:29; Jud 11:18)
The Death of Aaron
22And they journeyed from Kadesh, and the people of Israel, the whole congregation, came to Mount Hor. (Nu 21:4; Nu 33:37)23And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron at Mount Hor, on the border of the land of Edom,24“Let Aaron be gathered to his people, for he shall not enter the land that I have given to the people of Israel, because you rebelled against my command at the waters of Meribah. (Ge 25:8; Nu 20:12; Nu 27:13; Nu 31:2; De 32:50)25Take Aaron and Eleazar his son and bring them up to Mount Hor.26And strip Aaron of his garments and put them on Eleazar his son. And Aaron shall be gathered to his people and shall die there.” (Nu 20:24)27Moses did as the Lord commanded. And they went up Mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation.28And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments and put them on Eleazar his son. And Aaron died there on the top of the mountain. Then Moses and Eleazar came down from the mountain. (Ex 29:29; Nu 33:38; De 10:6; De 32:50)29And when all the congregation saw that Aaron had perished, all the house of Israel wept for Aaron thirty days. (De 34:8)