1The Pharisees gathered around Jesus. So did some of the teachers of the law. All of them had come from Jerusalem.2They saw some of his disciples eating food with “unclean” hands. That means they were not washed.3The Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their hands to make them pure. That's what the elders teach.4When they come from the market place, they do not eat unless they wash. And they follow many other teachings. For example, they wash cups, pitchers, and kettles in a special way.5So the Pharisees and the teachers of the law questioned Jesus. “Why don't your disciples live by what the elders teach?” they asked. “Why do they eat their food with ‘unclean’ hands?”6He replied, “Isaiah was right. He prophesied about you people who pretend to be good. He said, “ ‘These people honor me by what they say. But their hearts are far away from me.7Their worship doesn't mean anything to me. They teach nothing but human rules.’ (Isa 29:13)8You have let go of God's commands. And you are holding on to the teachings that men have made up.”9Jesus then said to them, “You have a fine way of setting aside God's commands! You do this so you can follow your own teachings.10Moses said, ‘Honor your father and mother.’ He also said, ‘If anyone calls down a curse on his father or mother, he will be put to death.’ (Ex 20:12; Ex 21:17; Le 20:9; De 5:16)11But you allow people to say to their parents, ‘Any help you might have received from us is Corban.’ (Corban means ‘a gift set apart for God.' )12So you no longer let them do anything for their parents.13You make the word of God useless by putting your own teachings in its place. And you do many things like that.”14Again Jesus called the crowd to him. He said, “Listen to me, everyone. Understand this.15-16Nothing outside of you can make you ‘unclean’ by going into you. It is what comes out of you that makes you ‘unclean.’ ”17Then he left the crowd and entered the house. His disciples asked him about this teaching.18“Don't you understand?” Jesus asked. “Don't you see? Nothing that enters people from the outside can make them ‘unclean.’19It doesn't go into the heart. It goes into the stomach. Then it goes out of the body.” In saying this, Jesus was calling all foods “clean.”20He went on to say, “What comes out of people makes them ‘unclean.’21Evil thoughts come from the inside, from people's hearts. So do sexual sins, stealing and murder. Adultery,22greed, hate and cheating come from people's hearts too. So do desires that are not pure, and wanting what belongs to others. And so do telling lies about others and being proud and being foolish.23All those evil things come from inside a person. They make him ‘unclean.’ ”
The Faith of a Greek Woman
24Jesus went from there to a place near Tyre. He entered a house. He did not want anyone to know where he was. But he could not keep it a secret.25Soon a woman heard about him. An evil spirit controlled her little daughter. The woman came to Jesus and fell at his feet.26She was a Greek, born in Syrian Phoenicia. She begged Jesus to drive the demon out of her daughter.27“First let the children eat all they want,” he told her. “It is not right to take the children's bread and throw it to their dogs.”28“Yes, Lord,” she replied. “But even the dogs under the table eat the children's crumbs.”29Then he told her, “That was a good reply. You may go. The demon has left your daughter.”30So she went home and found her child lying on the bed. And the demon was gone.
Jesus Heals a Man Who Could Not Hear or Speak
31Then Jesus left the area of Tyre and went through Sidon. He went down to the Sea of Galilee and into the area known as the Ten Cities.32There some people brought a man to him. The man was deaf and could hardly speak. They begged Jesus to place his hand on him.33Jesus took the man to one side, away from the crowd. He put his fingers into the man's ears. Then he spit and touched the man's tongue.34Jesus looked up to heaven. With a deep sigh, he said to the man, “Ephphatha!” That means “Be opened!”35The man's ears were opened. His tongue was freed up, and he began to speak clearly.36Jesus ordered the people not to tell anyone. But the more he did so, the more they kept talking about it.37People were really amazed. “He has done everything well,” they said. “He even makes deaf people able to hear. And he makes those who can't speak able to talk.”
English Standard Version
Traditions and Commandments
1Now when the Pharisees gathered to him, with some of the scribes who had come from Jerusalem, (Mt 15:1; Mr 3:22)2they saw that some of his disciples ate with hands that were defiled, that is, unwashed. (Ac 10:14; Ro 14:14)3(For the Pharisees and all the Jews do not eat unless they wash their hands properly, holding to the tradition of the elders, (Ga 1:14; Col 2:8; Heb 11:2)4and when they come from the marketplace, they do not eat unless they wash. And there are many other traditions that they observe, such as the washing of cups and pots and copper vessels and dining couches.) (Mt 23:25; Lu 11:39; Joh 2:6; Heb 9:10)5And the Pharisees and the scribes asked him, “Why do your disciples not walk according to the tradition of the elders, but eat with defiled hands?” (Mr 7:2; Mr 7:3; Lu 11:38)6And he said to them, “Well did Isaiah prophesy of you hypocrites, as it is written, “‘This people honors me with their lips, but their heart is far from me; (Isa 29:13; Eze 33:31; Mt 23:13)7in vain do they worship me, teaching as doctrines the commandments of men.’ (Col 2:22; Tit 1:14)8You leave the commandment of God and hold to the tradition of men.”9And he said to them, “You have a fine way of rejecting the commandment of God in order to establish your tradition! (Lu 7:30; Ga 2:21; Heb 10:28)10For Moses said, ‘Honor your father and your mother’; and, ‘Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.’ (Ex 20:12; Ex 21:17)11But you say, ‘If a man tells his father or his mother, “Whatever you would have gained from me is Corban”’ (that is, given to God)—12then you no longer permit him to do anything for his father or mother,13thus making void the word of God by your tradition that you have handed down. And many such things you do.” (Ro 2:23; Ga 3:17)
What Defiles a Person
14And he called the people to him again and said to them, “Hear me, all of you, and understand: (Mt 13:51)15There is nothing outside a person that by going into him can defile him, but the things that come out of a person are what defile him.” (Ac 10:14)17And when he had entered the house and left the people, his disciples asked him about the parable. (Mt 13:36; Mt 15:15; Mr 9:28)18And he said to them, “Then are you also without understanding? Do you not see that whatever goes into a person from outside cannot defile him, (Mr 8:17)19since it enters not his heart but his stomach, and is expelled?” (Thus he declared all foods clean.) (Lu 11:41; Ac 10:15; Ac 11:9; 1Co 6:13)20And he said, “What comes out of a person is what defiles him. (Mt 12:34; Jas 3:6)21For from within, out of the heart of man, come evil thoughts, sexual immorality, theft, murder, adultery, (Ex 20:13; Ex 20:17; Mt 5:22; Mt 5:28)22coveting, wickedness, deceit, sensuality, envy, slander, pride, foolishness. (Mt 6:23; Lu 1:51; 2Co 12:21; Ga 5:19; Eph 4:19; Eph 4:31; Eph 5:17; Col 3:8; 1Ti 6:4; 2Pe 2:7; Jud 1:4)23All these evil things come from within, and they defile a person.” (1Co 6:9)
The Syrophoenician Woman’s Faith
24And from there he arose and went away to the region of Tyre and Sidon. And he entered a house and did not want anyone to know, yet he could not be hidden.25But immediately a woman whose little daughter had an unclean spirit heard of him and came and fell down at his feet.26Now the woman was a Gentile, a Syrophoenician by birth. And she begged him to cast the demon out of her daughter. (Joh 12:20; Ac 21:2; 1Co 12:13)27And he said to her, “Let the children be fed first, for it is not right to take the children’s bread and throw it to the dogs.” (Mt 7:6; Ac 3:26; Ro 1:16)28But she answered him, “Yes, Lord; yet even the dogs under the table eat the children’s crumbs.” (Lu 16:21)29And he said to her, “For this statement you may go your way; the demon has left your daughter.” (Joh 4:50)30And she went home and found the child lying in bed and the demon gone.
Jesus Heals a Deaf Man
31Then he returned from the region of Tyre and went through Sidon to the Sea of Galilee, in the region of the Decapolis. (Mt 4:18; Mt 4:25; Mt 15:29; Mr 5:20; Joh 6:1)32And they brought to him a man who was deaf and had a speech impediment, and they begged him to lay his hand on him. (Isa 35:5; Mr 5:23)33And taking him aside from the crowd privately, he put his fingers into his ears, and after spitting touched his tongue. (Mr 8:23)34And looking up to heaven, he sighed and said to him, “Ephphatha,” that is, “Be opened.” (Mr 6:41; Mr 8:12; Joh 11:33)35And his ears were opened, his tongue was released, and he spoke plainly. (Mr 7:32)36And Jesus charged them to tell no one. But the more he charged them, the more zealously they proclaimed it. (Mt 8:4; Mt 9:31; Mr 1:45; Mr 9:9)37And they were astonished beyond measure, saying, “He has done all things well. He even makes the deaf hear and the mute speak.” (Mr 10:26)