1One Sabbath day Jesus was walking through the grainfields. His disciples began to break off some heads of grain. They rubbed them in their hands and ate them.2Some of the Pharisees said, “It is against the Law to do this on the Sabbath. Why are you doing it?”3Jesus answered them, “Haven't you ever read about what David did? He and his men were hungry.4He entered the house of God and took the holy bread. He ate the bread that only priests were allowed to eat. David also gave some to his men.”5Then Jesus said to them, “The Son of Man is Lord of the Sabbath day.”6On another Sabbath day, Jesus went into the synagogue and was teaching. A man whose right hand was weak and twisted was there.7The Pharisees and the teachers of the law were trying to find fault with Jesus. So they watched him closely. They wanted to see if he would heal on the Sabbath.8But Jesus knew what they were thinking. He spoke to the man who had the weak and twisted hand. “Get up and stand in front of everyone,” he said. So the man got up and stood there.9Then Jesus said to them, “What does the Law say we should do on the Sabbath day? Should we do good? Or should we do evil? Should we save life? Or should we destroy it?”10He looked around at all of them. Then he said to the man, “Stretch out your hand.” He did, and his hand was as good as new.11But the Pharisees and the teachers of the law were very angry. They began to talk to each other about what they might do to Jesus.
Jesus Chooses the Twelve Apostles
12On one of those days, Jesus went out to a mountainside to pray. He spent the night praying to God.13When morning came, he called for his disciples to come to him. He chose 12 of them and made them apostles.14Simon was one of them. Jesus gave him the name Peter. There were also Simon's brother Andrew, James, John, Philip and Bartholomew.15And there were Matthew, Thomas, and James, son of Alphaeus. There were also Simon who was called the Zealot16and Judas, son of James. Judas Iscariot was one of them too. He was the one who would later hand Jesus over to his enemies.
Jesus Gives Blessings and Warnings
17Jesus went down the mountain with them and stood on a level place. A large crowd of his disciples was there. A large number of other people were there too. They came from all over Judea, including Jerusalem. They also came from the coast of Tyre and Sidon.18They had all come to hear Jesus and to be healed of their sicknesses. People who were troubled by evil spirits were made well.19Everyone tried to touch Jesus. Power was coming from him and healing them all.20Jesus looked at his disciples. He said to them, “Blessed are you who are needy. God's kingdom belongs to you.21Blessed are you who are hungry now. You will be satisfied. Blessed are you who are sad now. You will laugh.22Blessed are you when people hate you, when they have nothing to do with you and say bad things about you, and when they treat your name as something evil. They do all this because you are followers of the Son of Man.23“Their people treated the prophets the same way long ago. When these things happen to you, be glad and jump for joy. You will receive many blessings in heaven.24“But how terrible it will be for you who are rich! You have already had your easy life.25How terrible for you who are well fed now! You will go hungry. How terrible for you who laugh now! You will cry and be sad.26How terrible for you when everyone says good things about you! Their people treated the false prophets the same way long ago.
Love Your Enemies
27“But here is what I tell you who hear me. Love your enemies. Do good to those who hate you.28Bless those who call down curses on you. And pray for those who treat you badly.29“Suppose someone hits you on one cheek. Turn your other cheek to him also. Suppose someone takes your coat. Don't stop him from taking your shirt.30“Give to everyone who asks you. And if anyone takes what belongs to you, don't ask to get it back.31Do to others as you want them to do to you.32“Suppose you love those who love you. Should anyone praise you for that? Even ‘sinners’ love those who love them.33And suppose you do good to those who are good to you. Should anyone praise you for that? Even ‘sinners’ do that.34And suppose you lend money to those who can pay you back. Should anyone praise you for that? Even a ‘sinner’ lends to ‘sinners,’ expecting them to pay everything back.35“But love your enemies. Do good to them. Lend to them without expecting to get anything back. Then you will receive a lot in return. And you will be sons of the Most High God. He is kind to people who are evil and are not thankful.36So have mercy, just as your Father has mercy.
Be Fair When You Judge Others
37“If you do not judge others, then you will not be judged. If you do not find others guilty, then you will not be found guilty. Forgive, and you will be forgiven.38Give, and it will be given to you. A good amount will be poured into your lap. It will be pressed down, shaken together, and running over. The same amount you give will be measured out to you.”39Jesus also gave them another example. He asked, “Can a blind person lead another blind person? Won't they both fall into a pit?40Students are not better than their teachers. But everyone who is completely trained will be like his teacher.41“You look at the bit of sawdust in your friend's eye. But you pay no attention to the piece of wood in your own eye.42How can you say to your friend, ‘Let me take the bit of sawdust out of your eye’? How can you say this while there is a piece of wood in your own eye? You pretender! First take the piece of wood out of your own eye. Then you will be able to see clearly to take the bit of sawdust out of your friend's eye.
A Tree and Its Fruit
43“A good tree doesn't bear bad fruit. And a bad tree doesn't bear good fruit.44You can tell each tree by the kind of fruit it bears. People do not pick figs from thorns. And they don't pick grapes from bushes.45“A good man says good things. These come from the good that is put away in his heart. An evil man says evil things. These come from the evil that is put away in his heart. Their mouths say everything that is in their hearts.
The Wise and Foolish Builders
46“Why do you call me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ and still don't do what I say?47Some people come to me and listen to me and do what I say. I will show you what they are like.48They are like someone who builds a house. He digs down deep and sets it on solid rock. When a flood comes, the river rushes against the house. But the water can't shake it. The house is well built.49“But here is what happens when people listen to my words and do not obey them. They are like someone who builds a house on soft ground instead of solid rock. The moment the river rushes against that house, it falls down. It is completely destroyed.”
English Standard Version
Jesus Is Lord of the Sabbath
1On a Sabbath, while he was going through the grainfields, his disciples plucked and ate some heads of grain, rubbing them in their hands. (De 23:25; Mt 12:1; Mr 2:23)2But some of the Pharisees said, “Why are you doing what is not lawful to do on the Sabbath?” (Ex 20:9; Mt 9:11)3And Jesus answered them, “Have you not read what David did when he was hungry, he and those who were with him: (1Sa 21:1; Mt 21:16)4how he entered the house of God and took and ate the bread of the Presence, which is not lawful for any but the priests to eat, and also gave it to those with him?” (Ex 25:30; Le 24:5)5And he said to them, “The Son of Man is lord of the Sabbath.” (Lu 5:24)
A Man with a Withered Hand
6On another Sabbath, he entered the synagogue and was teaching, and a man was there whose right hand was withered. (Mt 12:9; Mr 3:1; Mr 6:2)7And the scribes and the Pharisees watched him, to see whether he would heal on the Sabbath, so that they might find a reason to accuse him. (Lu 11:54; Lu 14:1; Lu 20:20; Joh 8:6)8But he knew their thoughts, and he said to the man with the withered hand, “Come and stand here.” And he rose and stood there. (Mt 9:4)9And Jesus said to them, “I ask you, is it lawful on the Sabbath to do good or to do harm, to save life or to destroy it?” (Lu 14:3)10And after looking around at them all he said to him, “Stretch out your hand.” And he did so, and his hand was restored. (1Ki 13:4; Mr 3:34; Mr 5:32; Mr 10:21; Mr 10:23)11But they were filled with fury and discussed with one another what they might do to Jesus. (2Ti 3:9)
The Twelve Apostles
12In these days he went out to the mountain to pray, and all night he continued in prayer to God. (Mt 14:23)13And when day came, he called his disciples and chose from them twelve, whom he named apostles: (Mt 10:1; Mt 10:2; Mr 3:13; Mr 3:16; Mr 6:7; Mr 6:30; Lu 9:1; Joh 13:18; Ac 1:13)14Simon, whom he named Peter, and Andrew his brother, and James and John, and Philip, and Bartholomew, (Mt 4:18; Mt 4:21; Mt 16:18; Joh 1:42)15and Matthew, and Thomas, and James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon who was called the Zealot, (Mt 9:9; Ac 21:20)16and Judas the son of James, and Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor. (Joh 14:22)
Jesus Ministers to a Great Multitude
17And he came down with them and stood on a level place, with a great crowd of his disciples and a great multitude of people from all Judea and Jerusalem and the seacoast of Tyre and Sidon, (Mt 4:25; Mt 5:1; Mt 11:21; Mr 3:7; Lu 6:12)18who came to hear him and to be healed of their diseases. And those who were troubled with unclean spirits were cured. (Mt 4:24)19And all the crowd sought to touch him, for power came out from him and healed them all. (Mt 14:36; Mr 3:10; Lu 8:46; Ac 5:15)
20And he lifted up his eyes on his disciples, and said: “Blessed are you who are poor, for yours is the kingdom of God. (Mt 5:3; Lu 12:32; Joh 6:5)21“Blessed are you who are hungry now, for you shall be satisfied. “Blessed are you who weep now, for you shall laugh. (Isa 25:8; Isa 57:18; Mt 5:4; Lu 1:53)22“Blessed are you when people hate you and when they exclude you and revile you and spurn your name as evil, on account of the Son of Man! (Mt 10:22; Joh 9:22; Joh 12:42; Joh 15:21; Joh 16:2; Heb 11:26; 1Pe 4:14)23Rejoice in that day, and leap for joy, for behold, your reward is great in heaven; for so their fathers did to the prophets. (Mt 5:12; Mt 21:35)
27“But I say to you who hear, Love your enemies, do good to those who hate you, (Pr 25:21; Mt 5:44; Ro 12:20)28bless those who curse you, pray for those who abuse you. (Lu 6:27; 1Pe 3:9)29To one who strikes you on the cheek, offer the other also, and from one who takes away your cloak do not withhold your tunic either. (Isa 50:6; La 3:30; Mt 5:39; Mt 26:67; Ro 12:17)30Give to everyone who begs from you, and from one who takes away your goods do not demand them back. (Ps 37:21; Pr 21:26)31And as you wish that others would do to you, do so to them. (Mt 7:12)32“If you love those who love you, what benefit is that to you? For even sinners love those who love them. (Mt 5:46)33And if you do good to those who do good to you, what benefit is that to you? For even sinners do the same.34And if you lend to those from whom you expect to receive, what credit is that to you? Even sinners lend to sinners, to get back the same amount. (Ps 37:26; Pr 19:17; Mt 5:42; Lu 14:12)35But love your enemies, and do good, and lend, expecting nothing in return, and your reward will be great, and you will be sons of the Most High, for he is kind to the ungrateful and the evil. (Mt 5:45; Mr 5:7; Lu 1:32; Lu 6:27; Jas 1:5)36Be merciful, even as your Father is merciful. (Mt 5:7; Mt 5:48; Eph 5:1; Jas 3:17; Jas 5:11)
37“Judge not, and you will not be judged; condemn not, and you will not be condemned; forgive, and you will be forgiven; (Mt 6:14; Mt 7:1; Mt 18:23; Lu 6:41; Ro 14:13; 1Co 4:5; Jas 5:9)38give, and it will be given to you. Good measure, pressed down, shaken together, running over, will be put into your lap. For with the measure you use it will be measured back to you.” (Jud 1:7; Ps 79:12; Isa 65:6; Mr 4:24; 2Co 9:6)39He also told them a parable: “Can a blind man lead a blind man? Will they not both fall into a pit? (Mt 15:14)40A disciple is not above his teacher, but everyone when he is fully trained will be like his teacher. (Mt 10:24; 1Co 1:10; 2Co 13:11; 2Ti 3:17; Heb 13:21; 1Pe 5:10)41Why do you see the speck that is in your brother’s eye, but do not notice the log that is in your own eye? (Lu 6:37; Joh 8:7)42How can you say to your brother, ‘Brother, let me take out the speck that is in your eye,’ when you yourself do not see the log that is in your own eye? You hypocrite, first take the log out of your own eye, and then you will see clearly to take out the speck that is in your brother’s eye.
A Tree and Its Fruit
43“For no good tree bears bad fruit, nor again does a bad tree bear good fruit, (Mt 7:16; Mt 7:20)44for each tree is known by its own fruit. For figs are not gathered from thornbushes, nor are grapes picked from a bramble bush. (Mt 12:33)45The good person out of the good treasure of his heart produces good, and the evil person out of his evil treasure produces evil, for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks. (Mt 5:37; Mt 12:34; Mt 12:35; Mt 13:52; Mt 15:18; Eph 4:29)
Build Your House on the Rock
46“Why do you call me ‘Lord, Lord,’ and not do what I tell you? (Mal 1:6; Mt 7:21; Joh 13:13)47Everyone who comes to me and hears my words and does them, I will show you what he is like: (Mt 7:24)48he is like a man building a house, who dug deep and laid the foundation on the rock. And when a flood arose, the stream broke against that house and could not shake it, because it had been well built.49But the one who hears and does not do them is like a man who built a house on the ground without a foundation. When the stream broke against it, immediately it fell, and the ruin of that house was great.” (Eze 13:10; Am 6:11)