1On the third day David and his men arrived in Ziklag. The Amalekites had attacked the people of the Negev Desert. They had also attacked Ziklag and burned it.2They had captured the women and everyone else in Ziklag. They had taken as prisoners young people and old people alike. But they didn’t kill any of them. Instead, they carried them off as they went on their way.3David and his men reached Ziklag. They saw that it had been destroyed by fire. They found out that their wives and sons and daughters had been captured.4So David and his men began to weep out loud. They wept until they couldn’t weep anymore.5David’s two wives had been captured. Their names were Ahinoam from Jezreel and Abigail from Carmel. Abigail was Nabal’s widow.6David was greatly troubled. His men were even talking about killing him by throwing stones at him. All of them were very bitter because their sons and daughters had been taken away. But David was made strong by the LORD his God.7Then David spoke to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelek. He said, ‘Bring me the linen apron.’ Abiathar brought it to him.8David asked the LORD for advice. He said, ‘Should I chase after the men who attacked Ziklag? If I do, will I catch up with them?’ ‘Chase after them,’ the LORD answered. ‘You will certainly catch up with them. You will succeed in saving those who were captured.’9David and his 600 men came to the Besor Valley. Some of them stayed behind there.10That’s because 200 of them were too tired to go across the valley. But David and the other 400 continued the chase.11David’s men found an Egyptian in a field. They brought him to David. They gave him water to drink and food to eat.12They gave him part of a cake of pressed figs. They also gave him two raisin cakes. After he ate them, he felt as good as new. That’s because he hadn’t eaten any food for three days and three nights. He hadn’t drunk any water during that time either.13David asked him, ‘Who do you belong to? Where do you come from?’ The man said, ‘I’m from Egypt. I’m the slave of an Amalekite. My master deserted me when I became ill three days ago.14We attacked the people in the Negev Desert of the Kerethites. We attacked the territory that belongs to Judah. We attacked the people in the Negev Desert of Caleb. And we burned Ziklag.’15David asked him, ‘Can you lead me down to the men who attacked Ziklag?’ He answered, ‘Make a promise to me in the name of God. Promise that you won’t kill me. Promise that you won’t hand me over to my master. Then I’ll take you down to them.’16He led David down to where the men were. They were scattered all over the countryside. They were eating and drinking and dancing wildly. That’s because they had taken a large amount of goods from those they had attacked. They had taken it from the land of the Philistines and from the people of Judah.17David fought against them from sunset until the evening of the next day. None of them escaped except 400 young men. They rode off on camels and got away.18David got everything back that the Amalekites had taken. That included his two wives.19Nothing was missing. Not one young person or old person or boy or girl was missing. None of the goods or anything else the Amalekites had taken was missing. David brought everything back.20He brought back all the flocks and herds. His men drove them on ahead of the other livestock. They said, ‘Here’s what David has captured.’21Then David came to the 200 men who had been too tired to follow him. They had been left behind in the Besor Valley. They came out to welcome David and the men with him. As David and his men approached, he asked them how they were.22But some of the men who had gone out with David were evil. They wanted to stir up trouble. They said, ‘The 200 men didn’t go out into battle with us. So we won’t share with them the goods we brought back. But each man can take his wife and children and go home.’23David replied, ‘No, my friends. You must not hold back their share of what the LORD has given us. He has kept us safe. He has handed over to us the men who attacked us.24So no one will pay any attention to what you are saying. Each man who stayed with the supplies will receive the same share as each man who went down to the battle. Everyone’s share will be the same.’25David made that a law and a rule for Israel. It has been followed from that day until now.26David reached Ziklag. He sent some of the goods to the elders of Judah. They were his friends. He said, ‘Here’s a gift for you. It’s part of the things we took from the LORD’s enemies.’27David sent some goods to the elders in Bethel, Ramoth Negev and Jattir.28He sent some to the elders in Aroer, Siphmoth, Eshtemoa29and Rakal. He sent some to the elders in the towns of the Jerahmeelites and Kenites.30He sent some to the elders in Hormah, Bor Ashan, Athak31and Hebron. He also sent some to the elders in all the other places where he and his men had wandered around.
1 Samuel 30
English Standard Version
David’s Wives Are Captured
1Now when David and his men came to Ziklag on the third day, the Amalekites had made a raid against the Negeb and against Ziklag. They had overcome Ziklag and burned it with fire (1Sa 15:3; 1Sa 15:7; 1Sa 27:8; 1Sa 29:4; 1Sa 29:11; 1Sa 30:14)2and taken captive the women and all who were in it, both small and great. They killed no one, but carried them off and went their way.3And when David and his men came to the city, they found it burned with fire, and their wives and sons and daughters taken captive.4Then David and the people who were with him raised their voices and wept until they had no more strength to weep.5David’s two wives also had been taken captive, Ahinoam of Jezreel and Abigail the widow of Nabal of Carmel. (1Sa 25:42)6And David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him, because all the people were bitter in soul, each for his sons and daughters. But David strengthened himself in the Lord his God. (Ex 17:4; Nu 14:10)7And David said to Abiathar the priest, the son of Ahimelech, “Bring me the ephod.” So Abiathar brought the ephod to David. (1Sa 23:6; 1Sa 23:9)8And David inquired of the Lord, “Shall I pursue after this band? Shall I overtake them?” He answered him, “Pursue, for you shall surely overtake and shall surely rescue.” (1Sa 22:10; 1Sa 30:18; 1Ch 12:21)9So David set out, and the six hundred men who were with him, and they came to the brook Besor, where those who were left behind stayed. (1Sa 23:13)10But David pursued, he and four hundred men. Two hundred stayed behind, who were too exhausted to cross the brook Besor. (1Sa 30:21)11They found an Egyptian in the open country and brought him to David. And they gave him bread and he ate. They gave him water to drink,12and they gave him a piece of a cake of figs and two clusters of raisins. And when he had eaten, his spirit revived, for he had not eaten bread or drunk water for three days and three nights. (Jud 15:19; 1Sa 14:27)13And David said to him, “To whom do you belong? And where are you from?” He said, “I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite, and my master left me behind because I fell sick three days ago.14We had made a raid against the Negeb of the Cherethites and against that which belongs to Judah and against the Negeb of Caleb, and we burned Ziklag with fire.” (1Sa 30:1; 2Sa 8:18; 2Sa 15:18; 2Sa 20:7; 2Sa 20:23; 1Ki 1:38; 1Ki 1:44; 1Ch 18:17; Eze 25:16; Zep 2:5)15And David said to him, “Will you take me down to this band?” And he said, “Swear to me by God that you will not kill me or deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will take you down to this band.” (1Sa 25:3)
David Defeats the Amalekites
16And when he had taken him down, behold, they were spread abroad over all the land, eating and drinking and dancing, because of all the great spoil they had taken from the land of the Philistines and from the land of Judah.17And David struck them down from twilight until the evening of the next day, and not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men, who mounted camels and fled.18David recovered all that the Amalekites had taken, and David rescued his two wives. (1Sa 30:8)19Nothing was missing, whether small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything that had been taken. David brought back all. (1Sa 30:18)20David also captured all the flocks and herds, and the people drove the livestock before him, and said, “This is David’s spoil.”21Then David came to the two hundred men who had been too exhausted to follow David, and who had been left at the brook Besor. And they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. And when David came near to the people he greeted them. (1Sa 30:10)22Then all the wicked and worthless fellows among the men who had gone with David said, “Because they did not go with us, we will not give them any of the spoil that we have recovered, except that each man may lead away his wife and children, and depart.”23But David said, “You shall not do so, my brothers, with what the Lord has given us. He has preserved us and given into our hand the band that came against us.24Who would listen to you in this matter? For as his share is who goes down into the battle, so shall his share be who stays by the baggage. They shall share alike.” (Nu 31:27; Jos 22:8)25And he made it a statute and a rule for Israel from that day forward to this day.26When David came to Ziklag, he sent part of the spoil to his friends, the elders of Judah, saying, “Here is a present for you from the spoil of the enemies of the Lord.”27It was for those in Bethel, in Ramoth of the Negeb, in Jattir, (Ge 28:19; Jos 15:48; Jud 1:22)28in Aroer, in Siphmoth, in Eshtemoa, (De 2:36; Jos 13:16; Jos 15:50)29in Racal, in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, in the cities of the Kenites, (Jud 1:16; 1Sa 27:10)30in Hormah, in Bor-ashan, in Athach, (Jud 1:17)31in Hebron, for all the places where David and his men had roamed. (Jos 14:13; Jud 1:10; 2Sa 2:1)