1The whole community of Israel came together to see David at Hebron. They said, “We are your own flesh and blood.2In the past, Saul was our king. But you led the men of Israel in battle. The Lord your God said to you, ‘You will be the shepherd over my people Israel. You will become their ruler.’ ”3All of the elders of Israel came to see King David at Hebron. There he made a covenant with them in the sight of the Lord. They anointed David as king over Israel. It happened just as the Lord had promised through Samuel.
David Captures Jerusalem
4David and all of the men of Israel marched to Jerusalem. Jerusalem was also called Jebus. The Jebusites who lived there5spoke to David. They said, “You won't get in here.” But David captured the fort of Zion. It became known as the City of David.6David had said, “Anyone who leads the attack against the Jebusites will become the commander of Israel's army.” Joab went up first. So he became the commander of the army. He was the son of Zeruiah.7David moved into the fort. So it was called the City of David.8He built up the city around the fort. He filled in the low places. He built a wall around it. During that time, Joab built up the rest of the city.9David became more and more powerful. That's because the Lord who rules over all was with him.
David's Mighty Men
10The chiefs of David's mighty men and the whole community of Israel helped David greatly. They helped him become king over the entire land. That's exactly what the Lord had promised him.11Here is a list of David's mighty men. Jashobeam was chief of the officers. He was a Hacmonite. He used his spear against 300 men. He killed all of them at one time.12Next to him was Eleazar. He was one of the three mighty men. He was the son of Dodai, the Ahohite.13Jashobeam was with David at Pas Dammim. The Philistines had gathered there for battle. Israel's troops ran away from the Philistines. At the place where that happened, there was a field that was full of barley.14The three mighty men took their stand in the middle of the field. They didn't let the Philistines capture it. They struck them down. The Lord helped them win a great battle.15David was near the rock at the cave of Adullam. Three of the 30 chiefs came down to him there. A group of Philistines was camped in the Valley of Rephaim.16At that time David was in his usual place of safety. Some Philistine troops were stationed at Bethlehem.17David longed for water. He said, “I wish someone would get me a drink of water from the well that is near the gate of Bethlehem!”18So the Three fought their way past the Philistine guards. They got some water from the well that was near the gate of Bethlehem. They took the water back to David. But David refused to drink it. Instead, he poured it out as a drink offering to the Lord.19“I would never drink that water!” David said. “It would be like drinking the blood of these men. They put their lives in danger by going to Bethlehem.” The men had put their lives in danger by bringing the water back. So David wouldn't drink it. Those were some of the brave things the three mighty men did.20Abishai was chief over the Three. He was the brother of Joab. He used his spear against 300 men. He killed all of them. So he became as famous as the Three were.21He was honored twice as much as the Three. He became their commander. But he wasn't included among them.22Benaiah was a great hero from Kabzeel. He was the son of Jehoiada. Benaiah did many brave things. He struck down two of Moab's best fighting men. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day. He killed a lion there.23And Benaiah struck down an Egyptian who was seven and a half feet tall. The Egyptian was holding a spear as big as a weaver's rod. Benaiah went out to fight against him with a club. He grabbed the spear out of the Egyptian's hand. Then he killed him with it.24Those were some of the brave things Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, did. He too was as famous as the three mighty men were.25He was honored more than any of the Thirty. But he wasn't included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his own personal guards.26Here is a list of David's mighty men. Asahel, the brother of Joab Elhanan, the son of Dodo, from Bethlehem27Shammoth, the Harorite Helez, the Pelonite28Ira, the son of Ikkesh, from Tekoa Abiezer from Anathoth29Sibbecai, the Hushathite Ilai, the Ahohite30Maharai from Netophah Heled, the son of Baanah, from Netophah31Ithai, the son of Ribai, from Gibeah in Benjamin Benaiah from Pirathon32Hurai from the valleys of Gaash Abiel, the Arbathite33Azmaveth, the Baharumite Eliahba, the Shaalbonite34the sons of Hashem, the Gizonite Jonathan, the son of Shagee, the Hararite35Ahiam, the son of Sacar, the Hararite Eliphal, the son of Ur36Hepher, the Mekerathite Ahijah, the Pelonite37Hezro from Carmel Naarai, the son of Ezbai38Joel, the brother of Nathan Mibhar, the son of Hagri39Zelek from Ammon Naharai, from Beeroth, who carried the armor of Joab, the son of Zeruiah40Ira, the Ithrite Gareb, the Ithrite41Uriah, the Hittite Zabad, the son of Ahlai42Adina, the son of Shiza, the Reubenite, who was chief of the Reubenites and the 30 men with him43Hanan, the son of Maacah Joshaphat, the Mithnite44Uzzia, the Ashterathite Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham from Aroer45Jediael, the son of Shimri his brother Joha, the Tizite46Eliel, the Mahavite Jeribai and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam Ithmah from Moab47Eliel Obed Jaasiel, the Mezobaite
1 Chronicles 11
English Standard Version
David Anointed King
1Then all Israel gathered together to David at Hebron and said, “Behold, we are your bone and flesh. (2Sa 5:1; 2Sa 5:6)2In times past, even when Saul was king, it was you who led out and brought in Israel. And the Lord your God said to you, ‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince over my people Israel.’” (Eze 34:23)3So all the elders of Israel came to the king at Hebron, and David made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord. And they anointed David king over Israel, according to the word of the Lord by Samuel. (1Sa 16:1; 1Sa 16:3; 1Sa 16:12; 1Ch 11:10; 1Ch 12:23)
David Takes Jerusalem
4And David and all Israel went to Jerusalem, that is, Jebus, where the Jebusites were, the inhabitants of the land. (Jos 15:8; Jud 1:21)5The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, “You will not come in here.” Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, that is, the city of David.6David said, “Whoever strikes the Jebusites first shall be chief and commander.” And Joab the son of Zeruiah went up first, so he became chief. (2Sa 8:16)7And David lived in the stronghold; therefore it was called the city of David.8And he built the city all around from the Millo in complete circuit, and Joab repaired the rest of the city.9And David became greater and greater, for the Lord of hosts was with him. (Es 9:4)
David’s Mighty Men
10Now these are the chiefs of David’s mighty men, who gave him strong support in his kingdom, together with all Israel, to make him king, according to the word of the Lord concerning Israel. (2Sa 23:8; 1Ch 11:3)11This is an account of David’s mighty men: Jashobeam, a Hachmonite, was chief of the three. He wielded his spear against 300 whom he killed at one time. (2Sa 23:8; 1Ch 12:18)12And next to him among the three mighty men was Eleazar the son of Dodo, the Ahohite. (1Ch 27:4)13He was with David at Pas-dammim when the Philistines were gathered there for battle. There was a plot of ground full of barley, and the men fled from the Philistines. (2Sa 23:11)14But he took his stand in the midst of the plot and defended it and killed the Philistines. And the Lord saved them by a great victory.15Three of the thirty chief men went down to the rock to David at the cave of Adullam, when the army of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim. (1Ch 14:8)16David was then in the stronghold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then at Bethlehem. (1Sa 10:5)17And David said longingly, “Oh that someone would give me water to drink from the well of Bethlehem that is by the gate!”18Then the three mighty men broke through the camp of the Philistines and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem that was by the gate and took it and brought it to David. But David would not drink it. He poured it out to the Lord19and said, “Far be it from me before my God that I should do this. Shall I drink the lifeblood of these men? For at the risk of their lives they brought it.” Therefore he would not drink it. These things did the three mighty men.20Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, was chief of the thirty. And he wielded his spear against 300 men and killed them and won a name beside the three.21He was the most renowned of the thirty and became their commander, but he did not attain to the three.22And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was a valiant man of Kabzeel, a doer of great deeds. He struck down two heroes of Moab. He also went down and struck down a lion in a pit on a day when snow had fallen.23And he struck down an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits tall. The Egyptian had in his hand a spear like a weaver’s beam, but Benaiah went down to him with a staff and snatched the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand and killed him with his own spear. (1Sa 17:7)24These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada and won a name beside the three mighty men.25He was renowned among the thirty, but he did not attain to the three. And David set him over his bodyguard.26The mighty men were Asahel the brother of Joab, Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, (1Ch 27:7)27Shammoth of Harod, Helez the Pelonite,28Ira the son of Ikkesh of Tekoa, Abiezer of Anathoth,29Sibbecai the Hushathite, Ilai the Ahohite,30Maharai of Netophah, Heled the son of Baanah of Netophah,31Ithai the son of Ribai of Gibeah of the people of Benjamin, Benaiah of Pirathon,32Hurai of the brooks of Gaash, Abiel the Arbathite,33Azmaveth of Baharum, Eliahba the Shaalbonite,34Hashem the Gizonite, Jonathan the son of Shagee the Hararite,35Ahiam the son of Sachar the Hararite, Eliphal the son of Ur,36Hepher the Mecherathite, Ahijah the Pelonite,37Hezro of Carmel, Naarai the son of Ezbai,38Joel the brother of Nathan, Mibhar the son of Hagri, (1Ch 5:10)39Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai of Beeroth, the armor-bearer of Joab the son of Zeruiah,40Ira the Ithrite, Gareb the Ithrite,41Uriah the Hittite, Zabad the son of Ahlai, (1Ch 2:36)42Adina the son of Shiza the Reubenite, a leader of the Reubenites, and thirty with him,43Hanan the son of Maacah, and Joshaphat the Mithnite,44Uzzia the Ashterathite, Shama and Jeiel the sons of Hotham the Aroerite,45Jediael the son of Shimri, and Joha his brother, the Tizite,46Eliel the Mahavite, and Jeribai, and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam, and Ithmah the Moabite,47Eliel, and Obed, and Jaasiel the Mezobaite.