1. Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters
 that I have often intended to come to you (but thus far have been prevented), in order that I may reap some harvest among you as well as among the rest of the Gentiles. (Joh 4:36; Ac 19:21; Ro 15:22; Php 4:17; 1Th 2:18)14I am under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians,
1. That is, non-Greeks
 both to the wise and to the foolish. (Ac 28:2; 1Co 9:16)15So I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.
18For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who by their unrighteousness suppress the truth. (Ro 2:5; Ro 5:9; Eph 5:6; Col 3:6)19For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. (Ac 14:17; Ac 17:24; Ro 2:14)20For his invisible attributes, namely, his eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly perceived, ever since the creation of the world,
1. Or clearly perceived from the creation of the world
 in the things that have been made. So they are without excuse. (Ps 19:1; Jer 5:21)21For although they knew God, they did not honor him as God or give thanks to him, but they became futile in their thinking, and their foolish hearts were darkened. (2Ki 17:15; Jer 2:5; Eph 4:17)22Claiming to be wise, they became fools, (Jer 10:14; 1Co 1:20)23and exchanged the glory of the immortal God for images resembling mortal man and birds and animals and creeping things. (De 4:16; Ps 106:20; Jer 2:11; Ac 17:29; 1Ti 1:17)24Therefore God gave them up in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, to the dishonoring of their bodies among themselves, (Ro 1:26; Ro 1:28; Eph 4:19; 1Th 4:4)25because they exchanged the truth about God for a lie and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever! Amen. (Isa 28:15; Isa 44:19; Jer 10:14; Am 2:4; Ro 9:5; 2Th 2:11)26For this reason God gave them up to dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged natural relations for those that are contrary to nature; (Ro 1:24; Ro 1:28; Col 3:5; 1Th 4:5)27and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one another, men committing shameless acts with men and receiving in themselves the due penalty for their error. (Le 18:22; Le 20:13)28And since they did not see fit to acknowledge God, God gave them up to a debased mind to do what ought not to be done. (Jer 6:30; Ro 1:24; Ro 1:26; Eph 5:4)29They were filled with all manner of unrighteousness, evil, covetousness, malice. They are full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, maliciousness. They are gossips,30slanderers, haters of God, insolent, haughty, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents,31foolish, faithless, heartless, ruthless.32Though they know God’s righteous decree that those who practice such things deserve to die, they not only do them but give approval to those who practice them. (Lu 11:48; Ac 8:1; Ac 22:20; Ro 2:26; Ro 6:21; Ro 8:4; 1Co 13:6; 2Th 2:12)