1I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin. (1Sa 12:22; Jer 31:37; Jer 33:24; 2Co 11:22; Php 3:5)2God has not rejected his people whom he foreknew. Do you not know what the Scripture says of Elijah, how he appeals to God against Israel? (Ps 94:14; Ro 8:29)3“Lord, they have killed your prophets, they have demolished your altars, and I alone am left, and they seek my life.” (1Ki 19:10; 1Ki 19:14)4But what is God’s reply to him? “I have kept for myself seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal.” (1Ki 19:18)5So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace. (Jer 3:14; Zec 13:8; Ro 9:27)6But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace. (De 9:4; Ro 4:4)7What then? Israel failed to obtain what it was seeking. The elect obtained it, but the rest were hardened, (Ro 9:31; Ro 11:25)8as it is written, “God gave them a spirit of stupor, eyes that would not see and ears that would not hear, down to this very day.” (De 29:4; Isa 29:10; Isa 43:8; Jer 5:21; Eze 12:2; Mt 13:14; Eph 4:18)9And David says, “Let their table become a snare and a trap, a stumbling block and a retribution for them; (Ps 69:22)10let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see, and bend their backs forever.”
Gentiles Grafted In
11So I ask, did they stumble in order that they might fall? By no means! Rather, through their trespass salvation has come to the Gentiles, so as to make Israel jealous. (Ac 28:28)12Now if their trespass means riches for the world, and if their failure means riches for the Gentiles, how much more will their full inclusion mean!13Now I am speaking to you Gentiles. Inasmuch then as I am an apostle to the Gentiles, I magnify my ministry (Ac 9:15; Ac 26:17; Ro 15:16)14in order somehow to make my fellow Jews jealous, and thus save some of them. (1Co 7:16; 1Co 9:22; 1Ti 4:16; Jas 5:20)15For if their rejection means the reconciliation of the world, what will their acceptance mean but life from the dead? (Ro 5:11)16If the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, so is the whole lump, and if the root is holy, so are the branches. (Nu 15:18; Ne 10:37; Eze 44:30)17But if some of the branches were broken off, and you, although a wild olive shoot, were grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing root of the olive tree, (Ps 52:8; Jer 11:16; Joh 15:2; Eph 2:12)18do not be arrogant toward the branches. If you are, remember it is not you who support the root, but the root that supports you.19Then you will say, “Branches were broken off so that I might be grafted in.”20That is true. They were broken off because of their unbelief, but you stand fast through faith. So do not become proud, but fear. (Pr 28:14; Isa 66:2; Isa 66:5; Jer 44:10; Ro 12:3; Ro 12:16; 1Co 10:12; 2Co 1:24; Php 2:12; 1Ti 6:17)21For if God did not spare the natural branches, neither will he spare you.22Note then the kindness and the severity of God: severity toward those who have fallen, but God’s kindness to you, provided you continue in his kindness. Otherwise you too will be cut off. (Joh 15:2; 1Co 15:2; Heb 3:6; Heb 3:14)23And even they, if they do not continue in their unbelief, will be grafted in, for God has the power to graft them in again. (2Co 3:16)24For if you were cut from what is by nature a wild olive tree, and grafted, contrary to nature, into a cultivated olive tree, how much more will these, the natural branches, be grafted back into their own olive tree.