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Isaiah 28

English Standard Version

1 Ah, the proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim, and the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley of those overcome with wine! (Ho 7:5) 2 Behold, the Lord has one who is mighty and strong; like a storm of hail, a destroying tempest, like a storm of mighty, overflowing waters, he casts down to the earth with his hand. (Isa 8:7; Isa 28:15; Isa 28:18) 3 The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim will be trodden underfoot; (Isa 28:1) 4 and the fading flower of its glorious beauty, which is on the head of the rich valley, will be like a first-ripe fig[1] before the summer: when someone sees it, he swallows it as soon as it is in his hand. (Ho 9:10; Am 8:1; Mic 7:1) 5 In that day the Lord of hosts will be a crown of glory,[2] and a diadem of beauty, to the remnant of his people, (Isa 2:11) 6 and a spirit of justice to him who sits in judgment, and strength to those who turn back the battle at the gate. (1Ki 3:28; Isa 38:6) 7 These also reel with wine and stagger with strong drink; the priest and the prophet reel with strong drink, they are swallowed by[3] wine, they stagger with strong drink, they reel in vision, they stumble in giving judgment. (Isa 3:12; Isa 9:15; Isa 56:10; Isa 56:12; Ho 4:11) 8 For all tables are full of filthy vomit, with no space left. 9 “To whom will he teach knowledge, and to whom will he explain the message? Those who are weaned from the milk, those taken from the breast? (Jer 6:10) 10 For it is precept upon precept, precept upon precept, line upon line, line upon line, here a little, there a little.” 11 For by people of strange lips and with a foreign tongue the Lord will speak to this people, (Isa 5:26; 1Co 14:21) 12 to whom he has said, “This is rest; give rest to the weary; and this is repose”; yet they would not hear. (Isa 30:15; Mt 11:28) 13 And the word of the Lord will be to them precept upon precept, precept upon precept, line upon line, line upon line, here a little, there a little, that they may go, and fall backward, and be broken, and snared, and taken. (Isa 8:15) 14 Therefore hear the word of the Lord, you scoffers, who rule this people in Jerusalem! (Isa 28:22; Isa 29:20) 15 Because you have said, “We have made a covenant with death, and with Sheol we have an agreement, when the overwhelming whip passes through it will not come to us, for we have made lies our refuge, and in falsehood we have taken shelter”; (Isa 8:7; Isa 28:2; Isa 28:18; Ro 1:25) 16 therefore thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I am the one who has laid[4] as a foundation in Zion, a stone, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone, of a sure foundation: ‘Whoever believes will not be in haste.’ (Ps 118:22; Isa 14:32; Mt 21:42; Ac 4:11; Ro 9:33; 1Pe 2:6) 17 And I will make justice the line, and righteousness the plumb line; and hail will sweep away the refuge of lies, and waters will overwhelm the shelter.” (2Ki 21:13) 18 Then your covenant with death will be annulled, and your agreement with Sheol will not stand; when the overwhelming scourge passes through, you will be beaten down by it. (Isa 28:15) 19 As often as it passes through it will take you; for morning by morning it will pass through, by day and by night; and it will be sheer terror to understand the message. (2Ch 32:18; Isa 50:4) 20 For the bed is too short to stretch oneself on, and the covering too narrow to wrap oneself in. 21 For the Lord will rise up as on Mount Perazim; as in the Valley of Gibeon he will be roused; to do his deed—strange is his deed! and to work his work—alien is his work! (Jos 9:3; Jos 10:10; 2Sa 5:20; 1Ch 14:11; 1Ch 14:16) 22 Now therefore do not scoff, lest your bonds be made strong; for I have heard a decree of destruction from the Lord God of hosts against the whole land. (Isa 10:23; Isa 28:14) 23 Give ear, and hear my voice; give attention, and hear my speech. 24 Does he who plows for sowing plow continually? Does he continually open and harrow his ground? 25 When he has leveled its surface, does he not scatter dill, sow cumin, and put in wheat in rows and barley in its proper place, and emmer[5] as the border? (Isa 55:10) 26 For he is rightly instructed; his God teaches him. (Isa 21:10) 27 Dill is not threshed with a threshing sledge, nor is a cart wheel rolled over cumin, but dill is beaten out with a stick, and cumin with a rod. 28 Does one crush grain for bread? No, he does not thresh it forever;[6] when he drives his cart wheel over it with his horses, he does not crush it. 29 This also comes from the Lord of hosts; he is wonderful in counsel and excellent in wisdom. (Isa 9:6; Jer 32:19)