1Abimelek son of Jerub-Baal went to his mother’s brothers in Shechem and said to them and to all his mother’s clan,2‘Ask all the citizens of Shechem, “Which is better for you: to have all seventy of Jerub-Baal’s sons rule over you, or just one man?” Remember, I am your flesh and blood.’3When the brothers repeated all this to the citizens of Shechem, they were inclined to follow Abimelek, for they said, ‘He is related to us.’4They gave him seventy shekels of silver from the temple of Baal-Berith, and Abimelek used it to hire reckless scoundrels, who became his followers.5He went to his father’s home in Ophrah and on one stone murdered his seventy brothers, the sons of Jerub-Baal. But Jotham, the youngest son of Jerub-Baal, escaped by hiding.6Then all the citizens of Shechem and Beth Millo gathered beside the great tree at the pillar in Shechem to crown Abimelek king.7When Jotham was told about this, he climbed up on the top of Mount Gerizim and shouted to them, ‘Listen to me, citizens of Shechem, so that God may listen to you.8One day the trees went out to anoint a king for themselves. They said to the olive tree, “Be our king.”9‘But the olive tree answered, “Should I give up my oil, by which both gods and humans are honoured, to hold sway over the trees?”10‘Next, the trees said to the fig-tree, “Come and be our king.”11‘But the fig-tree replied, “Should I give up my fruit, so good and sweet, to hold sway over the trees?”12‘Then the trees said to the vine, “Come and be our king.”13‘But the vine answered, “Should I give up my wine, which cheers both gods and humans, to hold sway over the trees?”14‘Finally all the trees said to the thorn-bush, “Come and be our king.”15‘The thorn-bush said to the trees, “If you really want to anoint me king over you, come and take refuge in my shade; but if not, then let fire come out of the thorn-bush and consume the cedars of Lebanon!”16‘Have you acted honourably and in good faith by making Abimelek king? Have you been fair to Jerub-Baal and his family? Have you treated him as he deserves?17Remember that my father fought for you and risked his life to rescue you from the hand of Midian.18But today you have revolted against my father’s family. You have murdered his seventy sons on a single stone and have made Abimelek, the son of his female slave, king over the citizens of Shechem because he is related to you.19So have you acted honourably and in good faith towards Jerub-Baal and his family today? If you have, may Abimelek be your joy, and may you be his, too!20But if you have not, let fire come out from Abimelek and consume you, the citizens of Shechem and Beth Millo, and let fire come out from you, the citizens of Shechem and Beth Millo, and consume Abimelek!’21Then Jotham fled, escaping to Beer, and he lived there because he was afraid of his brother Abimelek.22After Abimelek had governed Israel for three years,23God stirred up animosity between Abimelek and the citizens of Shechem so that they acted treacherously against Abimelek.24God did this in order that the crime against Jerub-Baal’s seventy sons, the shedding of their blood, might be avenged on their brother Abimelek and on the citizens of Shechem, who had helped him murder his brothers.25In opposition to him these citizens of Shechem set men on the hilltops to ambush and rob everyone who passed by, and this was reported to Abimelek.26Now Gaal son of Ebed moved with his clan into Shechem, and its citizens put their confidence in him.27After they had gone out into the fields and gathered the grapes and trodden them, they held a festival in the temple of their god. While they were eating and drinking, they cursed Abimelek.28Then Gaal son of Ebed said, ‘Who is Abimelek, and why should we Shechemites be subject to him? Isn’t he Jerub-Baal’s son, and isn’t Zebul his deputy? Serve the family of Hamor, Shechem’s father! Why should we serve Abimelek?29If only this people were under my command! Then I would get rid of him. I would say to Abimelek, “Call out your whole army!” ’30When Zebul the governor of the city heard what Gaal son of Ebed said, he was very angry.31Under cover he sent messengers to Abimelek, saying, ‘Gaal son of Ebed and his clan have come to Shechem and are stirring up the city against you.32Now then, during the night you and your men should come and lie in wait in the fields.33In the morning at sunrise, advance against the city. When Gaal and his men come out against you, seize the opportunity to attack them.’34So Abimelek and all his troops set out by night and took up concealed positions near Shechem in four companies.35Now Gaal son of Ebed had gone out and was standing at the entrance of the city gate just as Abimelek and his troops came out from their hiding-place.36When Gaal saw them, he said to Zebul, ‘Look, people are coming down from the tops of the mountains!’ Zebul replied, ‘You mistake the shadows of the mountains for men.’37But Gaal spoke up again: ‘Look, people are coming down from the central hill, and a company is coming from the direction of the diviners’ tree.’38Then Zebul said to him, ‘Where is your big talk now, you who said, “Who is Abimelek that we should be subject to him?” Aren’t these the men you ridiculed? Go out and fight them!’39So Gaal led out the citizens of Shechem and fought Abimelek.40Abimelek chased him all the way to the entrance of the gate, and many were killed as they fled.41Then Abimelek stayed in Arumah, and Zebul drove Gaal and his clan out of Shechem.42The next day the people of Shechem went out to the fields, and this was reported to Abimelek.43So he took his men, divided them into three companies and set an ambush in the fields. When he saw the people coming out of the city, he rose to attack them.44Abimelek and the companies with him rushed forward to a position at the entrance of the city gate. Then two companies attacked those in the fields and struck them down.45All that day Abimelek pressed his attack against the city until he had captured it and killed its people. Then he destroyed the city and scattered salt over it.46On hearing this, the citizens in the tower of Shechem went into the stronghold of the temple of El-Berith.47When Abimelek heard that they had assembled there,48he and all his men went up Mount Zalmon. He took an axe and cut off some branches, which he lifted to his shoulders. He ordered the men with him, ‘Quick! Do what you have seen me do!’49So all the men cut branches and followed Abimelek. They piled them against the stronghold and set it on fire with the people still inside. So all the people in the tower of Shechem, about a thousand men and women, also died.50Next Abimelek went to Thebez and besieged it and captured it.51Inside the city, however, was a strong tower, to which all the men and women – all the people of the city – had fled. They had locked themselves in and climbed up on the tower roof.52Abimelek went to the tower and attacked it. But as he approached the entrance to the tower to set it on fire,53a woman dropped an upper millstone on his head and cracked his skull.54Hurriedly he called to his armour-bearer, ‘Draw your sword and kill me, so that they can’t say, “A woman killed him.” ’ So his servant ran him through, and he died.55When the Israelites saw that Abimelek was dead, they went home.56Thus God repaid the wickedness that Abimelek had done to his father by murdering his seventy brothers.57God also made the people of Shechem pay for all their wickedness. The curse of Jotham son of Jerub-Baal came on them.
English Standard Version
1Now Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal went to Shechem to his mother’s relatives and said to them and to the whole clan of his mother’s family, (Jud 8:31)2“Say in the ears of all the leaders of Shechem, ‘Which is better for you, that all seventy of the sons of Jerubbaal rule over you, or that one rule over you?’ Remember also that I am your bone and your flesh.” (Ge 29:14; Jud 8:30; Jud 9:1)3And his mother’s relatives spoke all these words on his behalf in the ears of all the leaders of Shechem, and their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech, for they said, “He is our brother.” (Jud 9:18)4And they gave him seventy pieces of silver out of the house of Baal-berith with which Abimelech hired worthless and reckless fellows, who followed him. (Jud 8:33; Jud 9:46; Jud 11:3; 2Ch 13:7; Pr 12:11; Ac 17:5)5And he went to his father’s house at Ophrah and killed his brothers the sons of Jerubbaal, seventy men, on one stone. But Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left, for he hid himself. (Jud 6:24; 2Ki 11:1)6And all the leaders of Shechem came together, and all Beth-millo, and they went and made Abimelech king, by the oak of the pillar at Shechem. (Jud 9:20; 2Sa 5:9)7When it was told to Jotham, he went and stood on top of Mount Gerizim and cried aloud and said to them, “Listen to me, you leaders of Shechem, that God may listen to you. (De 11:29; De 27:12; Jos 8:33; Joh 4:20)8The trees once went out to anoint a king over them, and they said to the olive tree, ‘Reign over us.’ (Jud 8:22; 2Ki 14:9)9But the olive tree said to them, ‘Shall I leave my abundance, by which gods and men are honored, and go hold sway over the trees?’10And the trees said to the fig tree, ‘You come and reign over us.’11But the fig tree said to them, ‘Shall I leave my sweetness and my good fruit and go hold sway over the trees?’12And the trees said to the vine, ‘You come and reign over us.’13But the vine said to them, ‘Shall I leave my wine that cheers God and men and go hold sway over the trees?’ (Ps 104:15)14Then all the trees said to the bramble, ‘You come and reign over us.’15And the bramble said to the trees, ‘If in good faith you are anointing me king over you, then come and take refuge in my shade, but if not, let fire come out of the bramble and devour the cedars of Lebanon.’ (Nu 21:28; Jud 9:20; 1Ki 4:33; 2Ki 14:9; 2Ki 19:23; Ps 104:16; Isa 2:13; Isa 30:2; Isa 37:24; Eze 19:14; Da 4:12; Ho 14:7)16“Now therefore, if you acted in good faith and integrity when you made Abimelech king, and if you have dealt well with Jerubbaal and his house and have done to him as his deeds deserved— (Jud 6:32; Jud 8:35; Pr 12:14; Isa 3:11)17for my father fought for you and risked his life and delivered you from the hand of Midian,18and you have risen up against my father’s house this day and have killed his sons, seventy men on one stone, and have made Abimelech, the son of his female servant, king over the leaders of Shechem, because he is your relative— (Jud 8:31; Jud 9:3; Jud 9:5)19if you then have acted in good faith and integrity with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, then rejoice in Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in you. (Isa 8:6)20But if not, let fire come out from Abimelech and devour the leaders of Shechem and Beth-millo; and let fire come out from the leaders of Shechem and from Beth-millo and devour Abimelech.” (Jud 9:15; Jud 9:56)21And Jotham ran away and fled and went to Beer and lived there, because of Abimelech his brother. (Nu 21:16)
The Downfall of Abimelech
22Abimelech ruled over Israel three years.23And God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the leaders of Shechem, and the leaders of Shechem dealt treacherously with Abimelech, (1Sa 16:14; 1Sa 18:10; 1Sa 19:9; Isa 33:1)24that the violence done to the seventy sons of Jerubbaal might come, and their blood be laid on Abimelech their brother, who killed them, and on the men of Shechem, who strengthened his hands to kill his brothers. (Jud 9:56; 1Ki 2:32; Es 9:25; Ps 7:16; Mt 23:35)25And the leaders of Shechem put men in ambush against him on the mountaintops, and they robbed all who passed by them along that way. And it was told to Abimelech.26And Gaal the son of Ebed moved into Shechem with his relatives, and the leaders of Shechem put confidence in him.27And they went out into the field and gathered the grapes from their vineyards and trod them and held a festival; and they went into the house of their god and ate and drank and reviled Abimelech. (Jud 9:4; Jud 9:46)28And Gaal the son of Ebed said, “Who is Abimelech, and who are we of Shechem, that we should serve him? Is he not the son of Jerubbaal, and is not Zebul his officer? Serve the men of Hamor the father of Shechem; but why should we serve him? (Ge 34:2; Ge 34:6; 1Sa 25:10)29Would that this people were under my hand! Then I would remove Abimelech. I would say to Abimelech, ‘Increase your army, and come out.’”30When Zebul the ruler of the city heard the words of Gaal the son of Ebed, his anger was kindled.31And he sent messengers to Abimelech secretly, saying, “Behold, Gaal the son of Ebed and his relatives have come to Shechem, and they are stirring up the city against you.32Now therefore, go by night, you and the people who are with you, and set an ambush in the field.33Then in the morning, as soon as the sun is up, rise early and rush upon the city. And when he and the people who are with him come out against you, you may do to them as your hand finds to do.” (Ec 9:10)34So Abimelech and all the men who were with him rose up by night and set an ambush against Shechem in four companies.35And Gaal the son of Ebed went out and stood in the entrance of the gate of the city, and Abimelech and the people who were with him rose from the ambush.36And when Gaal saw the people, he said to Zebul, “Look, people are coming down from the mountaintops!” And Zebul said to him, “You mistake the shadow of the mountains for men.” (Jud 9:7; Jud 9:25)37Gaal spoke again and said, “Look, people are coming down from the center of the land, and one company is coming from the direction of the Diviners’ Oak.”38Then Zebul said to him, “Where is your mouth now, you who said, ‘Who is Abimelech, that we should serve him?’ Are not these the people whom you despised? Go out now and fight with them.” (Jud 9:28)39And Gaal went out at the head of the leaders of Shechem and fought with Abimelech.40And Abimelech chased him, and he fled before him. And many fell wounded, up to the entrance of the gate.41And Abimelech lived at Arumah, and Zebul drove out Gaal and his relatives, so that they could not dwell at Shechem.42On the following day, the people went out into the field, and Abimelech was told.43He took his people and divided them into three companies and set an ambush in the fields. And he looked and saw the people coming out of the city. So he rose against them and killed them.44Abimelech and the company that was with him rushed forward and stood at the entrance of the gate of the city, while the two companies rushed upon all who were in the field and killed them. (Jud 20:37)45And Abimelech fought against the city all that day. He captured the city and killed the people who were in it, and he razed the city and sowed it with salt. (De 29:23; 2Ki 3:25)46When all the leaders of the Tower of Shechem heard of it, they entered the stronghold of the house of El-berith. (Jud 8:33; Jud 9:4; Jud 9:49)47Abimelech was told that all the leaders of the Tower of Shechem were gathered together.48And Abimelech went up to Mount Zalmon, he and all the people who were with him. And Abimelech took an axe in his hand and cut down a bundle of brushwood and took it up and laid it on his shoulder. And he said to the men who were with him, “What you have seen me do, hurry and do as I have done.” (Ps 68:14)49So every one of the people cut down his bundle and following Abimelech put it against the stronghold, and they set the stronghold on fire over them, so that all the people of the Tower of Shechem also died, about 1,000 men and women. (Jud 9:46)50Then Abimelech went to Thebez and encamped against Thebez and captured it.51But there was a strong tower within the city, and all the men and women and all the leaders of the city fled to it and shut themselves in, and they went up to the roof of the tower.52And Abimelech came to the tower and fought against it and drew near to the door of the tower to burn it with fire.53And a certain woman threw an upper millstone on Abimelech’s head and crushed his skull. (2Sa 11:21)54Then he called quickly to the young man his armor-bearer and said to him, “Draw your sword and kill me, lest they say of me, ‘A woman killed him.’” And his young man thrust him through, and he died. (1Sa 31:4)55And when the men of Israel saw that Abimelech was dead, everyone departed to his home.56Thus God returned the evil of Abimelech, which he committed against his father in killing his seventy brothers. (Jud 9:24; Job 31:8; Ps 94:23; Pr 5:22)57And God also made all the evil of the men of Shechem return on their heads, and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal. (Jud 9:20)