1These are the nations the Lord left to test all those Israelites who had not experienced any of the wars in Canaan2(he did this only to teach warfare to the descendants of the Israelites who had not had previous battle experience):3the five rulers of the Philistines, all the Canaanites, the Sidonians, and the Hivites living in the Lebanon mountains from Mount Baal Hermon to Lebo Hamath.4They were left to test the Israelites to see whether they would obey the Lord’s commands, which he had given their ancestors through Moses.5The Israelites lived among the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites.6They took their daughters in marriage and gave their own daughters to their sons, and served their gods.
7The Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord; they forgot the Lord their God and served the Baals and the Asherahs.8The anger of the Lord burned against Israel so that he sold them into the hands of Cushan-Rishathaim king of Aram Naharaim, to whom the Israelites were subject for eight years.9But when they cried out to the Lord, he raised up for them a deliverer, Othniel son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother, who saved them.10The Spirit of the Lord came on him, so that he became Israel’s judge and went to war. The Lord gave Cushan-Rishathaim king of Aram into the hands of Othniel, who overpowered him.11So the land had peace for forty years, until Othniel son of Kenaz died.
12Again the Israelites did evil in the eyes of the Lord, and because they did this evil the Lord gave Eglon king of Moab power over Israel.13Getting the Ammonites and Amalekites to join him, Eglon came and attacked Israel, and they took possession of the City of Palms.14The Israelites were subject to Eglon king of Moab for eighteen years.15Again the Israelites cried out to the Lord, and he gave them a deliverer – Ehud, a left-handed man, the son of Gera the Benjaminite. The Israelites sent him with tribute to Eglon king of Moab.16Now Ehud had made a double-edged sword about a cubit long, which he strapped to his right thigh under his clothing.17He presented the tribute to Eglon king of Moab, who was a very fat man.18After Ehud had presented the tribute, he sent on their way those who had carried it.19But on reaching the stone images near Gilgal he himself went back to Eglon and said, ‘Your majesty, I have a secret message for you.’ The king said to his attendants, ‘Leave us!’ And they all left.20Ehud then approached him while he was sitting alone in the upper room of his palace and said, ‘I have a message from God for you.’ As the king rose from his seat,21Ehud reached with his left hand, drew the sword from his right thigh and plunged it into the king’s belly.22Even the handle sank in after the blade, and his bowels discharged. Ehud did not pull the sword out, and the fat closed in over it.23Then Ehud went out to the porch; he shut the doors of the upper room behind him and locked them.24After he had gone, the servants came and found the doors of the upper room locked. They said, ‘He must be relieving himself in the inner room of the palace.’25They waited to the point of embarrassment, but when he did not open the doors of the room, they took a key and unlocked them. There they saw their lord fallen to the floor, dead.26While they waited, Ehud got away. He passed by the stone images and escaped to Seirah.27When he arrived there, he blew a trumpet in the hill country of Ephraim, and the Israelites went down with him from the hills, with him leading them.28‘Follow me,’ he ordered, ‘for the Lord has given Moab, your enemy, into your hands.’ So they followed him down and took possession of the fords of the Jordan that led to Moab; they allowed no-one to cross over.29At that time they struck down about ten thousand Moabites, all vigorous and strong; not one escaped.30That day Moab was made subject to Israel, and the land had peace for eighty years.
31After Ehud came Shamgar son of Anath, who struck down six hundred Philistines with an ox-goad. He too saved Israel.
English Standard Version
1Now these are the nations that the Lord left, to test Israel by them, that is, all in Israel who had not experienced all the wars in Canaan. (Jud 2:21; Jud 3:4)2It was only in order that the generations of the people of Israel might know war, to teach war to those who had not known it before.3These are the nations: the five lords of the Philistines and all the Canaanites and the Sidonians and the Hivites who lived on Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon as far as Lebo-hamath. (Jos 13:2)4They were for the testing of Israel, to know whether Israel would obey the commandments of the Lord, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses. (Jud 3:1)5So the people of Israel lived among the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites. (Ex 3:8; Ps 106:35)6And their daughters they took to themselves for wives, and their own daughters they gave to their sons, and they served their gods. (Ex 34:16; De 7:3; Ezr 9:12)
7And the people of Israel did what was evil in the sight of the Lord. They forgot the Lord their God and served the Baals and the Asheroth. (Ex 34:13; Jud 2:11; Jud 6:25)8Therefore the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia. And the people of Israel served Cushan-rishathaim eight years. (Jud 2:14; Hab 3:7)9But when the people of Israel cried out to the Lord, the Lord raised up a deliverer for the people of Israel, who saved them, Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb’s younger brother. (Jud 1:13; Jud 2:16; Jud 3:15; Jud 4:3; Jud 6:7; Jud 10:10; Ne 9:27)10The Spirit of the Lord was upon him, and he judged Israel. He went out to war, and the Lord gave Cushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand. And his hand prevailed over Cushan-rishathaim. (Jud 6:34; Jud 11:29; Jud 13:25; Jud 14:6; Jud 14:19; Jud 15:14)11So the land had rest forty years. Then Othniel the son of Kenaz died. (Jos 11:23; Jud 3:30; Jud 5:31; Jud 8:28)
12And the people of Israel again did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done what was evil in the sight of the Lord. (Jud 2:19; 1Sa 12:9)13He gathered to himself the Ammonites and the Amalekites, and went and defeated Israel. And they took possession of the city of palms. (De 34:3; Jud 1:16; Jud 6:33; Ps 83:7)14And the people of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.15Then the people of Israel cried out to the Lord, and the Lord raised up for them a deliverer, Ehud, the son of Gera, the Benjaminite, a left-handed man. The people of Israel sent tribute by him to Eglon the king of Moab. (Jud 3:9; Jud 20:16; 1Ch 12:2)16And Ehud made for himself a sword with two edges, a cubit in length, and he bound it on his right thigh under his clothes.17And he presented the tribute to Eglon king of Moab. Now Eglon was a very fat man.18And when Ehud had finished presenting the tribute, he sent away the people who carried the tribute.19But he himself turned back at the idols near Gilgal and said, “I have a secret message for you, O king.” And he commanded, “Silence.” And all his attendants went out from his presence. (Jos 4:20; Jud 3:26)20And Ehud came to him as he was sitting alone in his cool roof chamber. And Ehud said, “I have a message from God for you.” And he arose from his seat. (2Sa 20:9; Am 3:15)21And Ehud reached with his left hand, took the sword from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly.22And the hilt also went in after the blade, and the fat closed over the blade, for he did not pull the sword out of his belly; and the dung came out.23Then Ehud went out into the porch and closed the doors of the roof chamber behind him and locked them. (2Sa 13:17)24When he had gone, the servants came, and when they saw that the doors of the roof chamber were locked, they thought, “Surely he is relieving himself in the closet of the cool chamber.” (1Sa 24:3)25And they waited till they were embarrassed. But when he still did not open the doors of the roof chamber, they took the key and opened them, and there lay their lord dead on the floor.26Ehud escaped while they delayed, and he passed beyond the idols and escaped to Seirah. (Jud 3:19)27When he arrived, he sounded the trumpet in the hill country of Ephraim. Then the people of Israel went down with him from the hill country, and he was their leader. (Jos 24:33; Jud 6:34; 1Sa 13:3)28And he said to them, “Follow after me, for the Lord has given your enemies the Moabites into your hand.” So they went down after him and seized the fords of the Jordan against the Moabites and did not allow anyone to pass over. (Jos 2:7; Jud 4:7; Jud 4:14; Jud 7:9; Jud 7:15; Jud 7:24; Jud 12:5; 1Sa 17:47; 1Ki 22:12; 1Ki 22:15; 2Ch 16:8)29And they killed at that time about 10,000 of the Moabites, all strong, able-bodied men; not a man escaped.30So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest for eighty years. (Jud 3:11)