1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the hearts of his officials so that I may perform these signs of mine among them2that you may tell your children and grandchildren how I dealt harshly with the Egyptians and how I performed my signs among them, and that you may know that I am the Lord.”3So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, “This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, so that they may worship me.4If you refuse to let them go, I will bring locusts into your country tomorrow.5They will cover the face of the ground so that it cannot be seen. They will devour what little you have left after the hail, including every tree that is growing in your fields.6They will fill your houses and those of all your officials and all the Egyptians—something neither your parents nor your ancestors have ever seen from the day they settled in this land till now.’ ” Then Moses turned and left Pharaoh.7Pharaoh’s officials said to him, “How long will this man be a snare to us? Let the people go, so that they may worship the Lord their God. Do you not yet realize that Egypt is ruined?”8Then Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. “Go, worship the Lord your God,” he said. “But tell me who will be going.”9Moses answered, “We will go with our young and our old, with our sons and our daughters, and with our flocks and herds, because we are to celebrate a festival to the Lord.”10Pharaoh said, “The Lord be with you—if I let you go, along with your women and children! Clearly you are bent on evil.11No! Have only the men go and worship the Lord, since that’s what you have been asking for.” Then Moses and Aaron were driven out of Pharaoh’s presence.12And the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over Egypt so that locusts swarm over the land and devour everything growing in the fields, everything left by the hail.”13So Moses stretched out his staff over Egypt, and the Lord made an east wind blow across the land all that day and all that night. By morning the wind had brought the locusts;14they invaded all Egypt and settled down in every area of the country in great numbers. Never before had there been such a plague of locusts, nor will there ever be again.15They covered all the ground until it was black. They devoured all that was left after the hail—everything growing in the fields and the fruit on the trees. Nothing green remained on tree or plant in all the land of Egypt.16Pharaoh quickly summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned against the Lord your God and against you.17Now forgive my sin once more and pray to the Lord your God to take this deadly plague away from me.”18Moses then left Pharaoh and prayed to the Lord.19And the Lord changed the wind to a very strong west wind, which caught up the locusts and carried them into the Red Sea. Not a locust was left anywhere in Egypt.20But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let the Israelites go.
The Plague of Darkness
21Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that darkness spreads over Egypt—darkness that can be felt.”22So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days.23No one could see anyone else or move about for three days. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.24Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, worship the Lord. Even your women and children may go with you; only leave your flocks and herds behind.”25But Moses said, “You must allow us to have sacrifices and burnt offerings to present to the Lord our God.26Our livestock too must go with us; not a hoof is to be left behind. We have to use some of them in worshiping the Lord our God, and until we get there we will not know what we are to use to worship the Lord.”27But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to let them go.28Pharaoh said to Moses, “Get out of my sight! Make sure you do not appear before me again! The day you see my face you will die.”29“Just as you say,” Moses replied. “I will never appear before you again.”
English Standard Version
The Eighth Plague: Locusts
1Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh, for I have hardened his heart and the heart of his servants, that I may show these signs of mine among them,2and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and of your grandson how I have dealt harshly with the Egyptians and what signs I have done among them, that you may know that I am the Lord.” (Ex 7:17; Ex 13:8; Ex 13:14; De 4:9; De 6:20; Ps 78:5; Joe 1:3)3So Moses and Aaron went in to Pharaoh and said to him, “Thus says the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, that they may serve me. (1Ki 21:29)4For if you refuse to let my people go, behold, tomorrow I will bring locusts into your country, (Le 11:22; Pr 30:27; Joe 1:4; Joe 2:25; Re 9:3)5and they shall cover the face of the land, so that no one can see the land. And they shall eat what is left to you after the hail, and they shall eat every tree of yours that grows in the field, (Ex 9:32)6and they shall fill your houses and the houses of all your servants and of all the Egyptians, as neither your fathers nor your grandfathers have seen, from the day they came on earth to this day.’” Then he turned and went out from Pharaoh. (Ex 8:3; Ex 8:21; Joe 2:9)7Then Pharaoh’s servants said to him, “How long shall this man be a snare to us? Let the men go, that they may serve the Lord their God. Do you not yet understand that Egypt is ruined?”8So Moses and Aaron were brought back to Pharaoh. And he said to them, “Go, serve the Lord your God. But which ones are to go?” (Ex 10:24)9Moses said, “We will go with our young and our old. We will go with our sons and daughters and with our flocks and herds, for we must hold a feast to the Lord.” (Ex 3:18; Ex 5:1)10But he said to them, “The Lord be with you, if ever I let you and your little ones go! Look, you have some evil purpose in mind. (Ex 10:24)11No! Go, the men among you, and serve the Lord, for that is what you are asking.” And they were driven out from Pharaoh’s presence.12Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, so that they may come upon the land of Egypt and eat every plant in the land, all that the hail has left.” (Ex 7:19; Ex 10:4)13So Moses stretched out his staff over the land of Egypt, and the Lord brought an east wind upon the land all that day and all that night. When it was morning, the east wind had brought the locusts.14The locusts came up over all the land of Egypt and settled on the whole country of Egypt, such a dense swarm of locusts as had never been before, nor ever will be again. (Ps 78:46; Ps 105:34; Joe 2:2)15They covered the face of the whole land, so that the land was darkened, and they ate all the plants in the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Not a green thing remained, neither tree nor plant of the field, through all the land of Egypt. (Ps 105:35)16Then Pharaoh hastily called Moses and Aaron and said, “I have sinned against the Lord your God, and against you. (Ex 9:27)17Now therefore, forgive my sin, please, only this once, and plead with the Lord your God only to remove this death from me.” (Ex 8:8)18So he went out from Pharaoh and pleaded with the Lord. (Ex 8:30; Ex 9:33)19And the Lord turned the wind into a very strong west wind, which lifted the locusts and drove them into the Red Sea. Not a single locust was left in all the country of Egypt. (Joe 2:20)20But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he did not let the people of Israel go. (Ex 4:21)
The Ninth Plague: Darkness
21Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, a darkness to be felt.” (Ex 10:12; Ps 105:28)22So Moses stretched out his hand toward heaven, and there was pitch darkness in all the land of Egypt three days.23They did not see one another, nor did anyone rise from his place for three days, but all the people of Israel had light where they lived. (Ex 8:22; Ex 9:4; Ex 9:6)24Then Pharaoh called Moses and said, “Go, serve the Lord; your little ones also may go with you; only let your flocks and your herds remain behind.” (Ex 10:8; Ex 10:10)25But Moses said, “You must also let us have sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice to the Lord our God.26Our livestock also must go with us; not a hoof shall be left behind, for we must take of them to serve the Lord our God, and we do not know with what we must serve the Lord until we arrive there.”27But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let them go. (Ex 10:20)28Then Pharaoh said to him, “Get away from me; take care never to see my face again, for on the day you see my face you shall die.”29Moses said, “As you say! I will not see your face again.” (Heb 11:27)