1Adoni‑Zedek was the king of Jerusalem. He heard that Joshua had taken Ai. He found out that the city had been set apart to the Lord in a special way to be destroyed. He heard that Joshua had done to Ai and its king the same thing he had done to Jericho and its king. Adoni‑Zedek heard that the people of Gibeon had made a peace treaty with Israel. He also found out that they were living among the people of Israel.2The things he heard alarmed him and his people very much. That's because Gibeon was an important city. It was like one of the royal cities. It was larger than Ai. All of its men were good soldiers.3So Adoni‑Zedek, the king of Jerusalem, made an appeal to Hoham, the king of Hebron. He appealed to Piram, the king of Jarmuth. He appealed to Japhia, the king of Lachish. He also made an appeal to Debir, the king of Eglon.4“Come up and help me attack Gibeon,” he said. “Its people have made peace with Joshua and the people of Israel.”5The kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon gathered their armies together. Those five Amorite kings moved all of their troops into position to fight against Gibeon. Then they attacked it.6Joshua was in the camp at Gilgal. The people of Gibeon sent a message to him there. It said, “Don't desert us. We serve you. Come up to us quickly! Save us! Help us! All of the Amorite kings from the central hill country have gathered their armies together to fight against us.”7So Joshua marched up from Gilgal with his whole army. The army included all of his best fighting men.8The Lord said to Joshua, “Do not be afraid of them. I have handed them over to you. Not one of them will be able to fight against you and win.”9Joshua marched all night from Gilgal. He took the Amorite armies by surprise.10The Lord threw them into a panic as Israel marched toward them. Then Israel won a great battle over them at Gibeon. They chased them along the road that goes up to Beth Horon. They struck them down all the way to Azekah and Makkedah.11The Amorites ran away as Israel marched toward them. They ran down the road from Beth Horon to Azekah. As they ran, the Lord threw large hailstones down on them from the sky. The hailstones killed more of them than the swords of the men of Israel did.12So the Lord gave the Amorites over to Israel. On that day Joshua spoke to the Lord while the people of Israel were listening. He said, “Sun, stand still over Gibeon. Moon, stand still over the Valley of Aijalon.”13So the sun stood still. The moon stopped. They didn't move again until the nation won the battle over its enemies. You can read about it in the Book of Jashar. The sun stopped in the middle of the sky. It didn't go down for about a full day.14There has never been a day like it before or since. It was a day when the Lord listened to a mere man. You can be sure that the Lord was fighting for Israel!15Joshua and his whole army returned to the camp at Gilgal.
Joshua Kills the Five Amorite Kings
16The five Amorite kings had run away. They had hidden in the cave at Makkedah.17Joshua was told that the five kings had been found. He was also told that they were hiding in the cave at Makkedah.18He said, “Roll some large rocks up to the opening of the cave. Put some men there to guard it.19But keep on going! Chase your enemies. Attack them from behind. Don't let them get back to their cities. The Lord your God has handed them over to you.”20So Joshua and the men of Israel completely destroyed them. They killed almost every one of them. But a few escaped. They went back to their cities that had high walls around them.21Then Israel's whole army returned safely to Joshua. He was in the camp at Makkedah. No one in the land dared to say anything against the people of Israel.22Joshua said, “Open up the cave. Bring those five kings out to me.”23So Joshua's men brought the five kings out of the cave. They were the kings of Jerusalem, Hebron, Jarmuth, Lachish and Eglon.24The men brought them to Joshua. Then he sent for all of the men of Israel. He spoke to the army commanders who had come with him. He said, “Come here. Put your feet on the necks of these kings.” So they came forward and placed their feet on the necks of the kings.25Joshua said to them, “Don't be afraid. Don't lose hope. Be strong and brave. This is what the Lord will do to all of the enemies you are going to fight.”26Joshua struck the five kings down and killed them. He stuck a pole through each of their bodies. Then he set the poles up where people could see the bodies. He left them there until evening.27At sunset Joshua ordered his men to take the bodies down. So they took them down and threw them into the cave where the kings had been hiding. They placed large rocks at the opening of the cave. And the rocks are still there to this very day.28That day Joshua took Makkedah. He killed its people and their king with the sword. He totally destroyed everyone in it. He didn't leave anyone alive. He did to the king of Makkedah the same thing he had done to the king of Jericho.
The Campaign Against the Cities in the South
29Joshua moved on from Makkedah to Libnah. Israel's whole army went with him. They attacked Libnah.30The Lord also handed that city and its king over to Israel. Joshua destroyed the city. He and his men killed everyone in it with their swords. He didn't leave anyone alive there. He did to its king the same thing he had done to the king of Jericho.31Joshua moved on from Libnah to Lachish. Israel's whole army went with him. The men took up their battle positions. Then Joshua attacked Lachish.32The Lord handed it over to Israel. Joshua took the city on the second day of the battle. He destroyed the city. He and his men killed everyone in it with their swords. He had done the same thing to Libnah.33While all of that was happening, Horam had come up to help Lachish. He was the king of Gezer. But Joshua won the battle over him and his army. No one was left alive.34Joshua moved on from Lachish to Eglon. Israel's whole army went with him. They took up their battle positions. Then they attacked Eglon.35They captured it that same day. They totally destroyed everyone in it with their swords. They had done the same thing to Lachish.36Joshua went up from Eglon to Hebron. Israel's whole army went with him. Then they attacked Hebron.37They took the city. They destroyed it and its villages. They killed all of its people and their king with their swords. They didn't leave anyone alive. They totally destroyed the city and everyone in it. They had done the same thing at Eglon.38Joshua turned back and attacked Debir. Israel's whole army went with him.39They took the city, its king and its villages. They totally destroyed everyone in Debir with their swords. They didn't leave anyone alive. They did to Debir and its king the same thing they had done to Libnah and its king. They had also done the same thing to Hebron.40So Joshua brought the whole area under his control. That included the central hill country and the Negev Desert. It included the western hills and the mountain slopes. It also included all of the kings in that whole area. Joshua didn't leave anyone alive. He totally destroyed everyone who breathed. He did just as the Lord, the God of Israel, had commanded.41Joshua brought everyone from Kadesh Barnea to Gaza under his control. He also brought everyone from the whole area of Goshen to Gibeon under his control.42He won the battle over all of those kings and their lands. He did it in one campaign. That's because the Lord, the God of Israel, fought for Israel.43Then Joshua returned to the camp at Gilgal. Israel's whole army went with him.
English Standard Version
The Sun Stands Still
1As soon as Adoni-zedek, king of Jerusalem, heard how Joshua had captured Ai and had devoted it to destruction, doing to Ai and its king as he had done to Jericho and its king, and how the inhabitants of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were among them, (Jos 6:21; Jos 6:24; Jos 8:22; Jos 8:26; Jos 9:15)2he feared greatly, because Gibeon was a great city, like one of the royal cities, and because it was greater than Ai, and all its men were warriors. (De 11:25)3So Adoni-zedek king of Jerusalem sent to Hoham king of Hebron, to Piram king of Jarmuth, to Japhia king of Lachish, and to Debir king of Eglon, saying,4“Come up to me and help me, and let us strike Gibeon. For it has made peace with Joshua and with the people of Israel.” (Jos 9:15; Jos 10:1)5Then the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon, gathered their forces and went up with all their armies and encamped against Gibeon and made war against it. (Jos 9:2)6And the men of Gibeon sent to Joshua at the camp in Gilgal, saying, “Do not relax your hand from your servants. Come up to us quickly and save us and help us, for all the kings of the Amorites who dwell in the hill country are gathered against us.” (Jos 5:10; Jos 9:6)7So Joshua went up from Gilgal, he and all the people of war with him, and all the mighty men of valor. (Jos 8:1; Jos 8:3)8And the Lord said to Joshua, “Do not fear them, for I have given them into your hands. Not a man of them shall stand before you.” (Jos 1:5; Jos 11:6; Jud 4:14)9So Joshua came upon them suddenly, having marched up all night from Gilgal.10And the Lord threw them into a panic before Israel, who struck them with a great blow at Gibeon and chased them by the way of the ascent of Beth-horon and struck them as far as Azekah and Makkedah. (Jos 16:3; Jos 16:5; Jos 18:13; Jud 4:15; 1Sa 7:10; 1Ki 9:17; 1Ch 7:24; 2Ch 8:5; Ps 18:14; Isa 28:21)11And as they fled before Israel, while they were going down the ascent of Beth-horon, the Lord threw down large stones from heaven on them as far as Azekah, and they died. There were more who died because of the hailstones than the sons of Israel killed with the sword. (Jos 10:10; Ps 18:12; Isa 30:30; Re 16:21)12At that time Joshua spoke to the Lord in the day when the Lord gave the Amorites over to the sons of Israel, and he said in the sight of Israel, “Sun, stand still at Gibeon, and moon, in the Valley of Aijalon.” (Isa 28:21; Hab 3:11)13And the sun stood still, and the moon stopped, until the nation took vengeance on their enemies. Is this not written in the Book of Jashar? The sun stopped in the midst of heaven and did not hurry to set for about a whole day.14There has been no day like it before or since, when the Lord heeded the voice of a man, for the Lord fought for Israel. (Jos 10:42; Jos 23:3; Jos 23:10; 2Ki 20:11; Isa 38:8)15So Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal. (Jos 10:43)
Five Amorite Kings Executed
16These five kings fled and hid themselves in the cave at Makkedah. (Jos 10:10; Jos 10:28)17And it was told to Joshua, “The five kings have been found, hidden in the cave at Makkedah.”18And Joshua said, “Roll large stones against the mouth of the cave and set men by it to guard them,19but do not stay there yourselves. Pursue your enemies; attack their rear guard. Do not let them enter their cities, for the Lord your God has given them into your hand.” (De 25:18)20When Joshua and the sons of Israel had finished striking them with a great blow until they were wiped out, and when the remnant that remained of them had entered into the fortified cities, (Jos 8:24)21then all the people returned safe to Joshua in the camp at Makkedah. Not a man moved his tongue against any of the people of Israel. (Ex 11:7)22Then Joshua said, “Open the mouth of the cave and bring those five kings out to me from the cave.”23And they did so, and brought those five kings out to him from the cave, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, and the king of Eglon.24And when they brought those kings out to Joshua, Joshua summoned all the men of Israel and said to the chiefs of the men of war who had gone with him, “Come near; put your feet on the necks of these kings.” Then they came near and put their feet on their necks.25And Joshua said to them, “Do not be afraid or dismayed; be strong and courageous. For thus the Lord will do to all your enemies against whom you fight.” (De 3:21; De 7:19; De 31:6; Jos 1:6; Jos 1:9)26And afterward Joshua struck them and put them to death, and he hanged them on five trees. And they hung on the trees until evening. (Jos 8:29)27But at the time of the going down of the sun, Joshua commanded, and they took them down from the trees and threw them into the cave where they had hidden themselves, and they set large stones against the mouth of the cave, which remain to this very day. (De 21:22)28As for Makkedah, Joshua captured it on that day and struck it, and its king, with the edge of the sword. He devoted to destruction every person in it; he left none remaining. And he did to the king of Makkedah just as he had done to the king of Jericho. (Jos 6:21; Jos 10:10; Jos 10:16)
Conquest of Southern Canaan
29Then Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Makkedah to Libnah and fought against Libnah. (Jos 21:13)30And the Lord gave it also and its king into the hand of Israel. And he struck it with the edge of the sword, and every person in it; he left none remaining in it. And he did to its king as he had done to the king of Jericho. (Jos 10:28)31Then Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Libnah to Lachish and laid siege to it and fought against it. (Jos 10:3)32And the Lord gave Lachish into the hand of Israel, and he captured it on the second day and struck it with the edge of the sword, and every person in it, as he had done to Libnah.33Then Horam king of Gezer came up to help Lachish. And Joshua struck him and his people, until he left none remaining. (Jos 16:10; Jud 1:29; 1Ki 9:15)34Then Joshua and all Israel with him passed on from Lachish to Eglon. And they laid siege to it and fought against it. (Jos 10:3)35And they captured it on that day, and struck it with the edge of the sword. And he devoted every person in it to destruction that day, as he had done to Lachish.36Then Joshua and all Israel with him went up from Eglon to Hebron. And they fought against it (Jos 14:13; Jos 15:13; Jud 1:10)37and captured it and struck it with the edge of the sword, and its king and its towns, and every person in it. He left none remaining, as he had done to Eglon, and devoted it to destruction and every person in it.38Then Joshua and all Israel with him turned back to Debir and fought against it (Jos 15:15; Jud 1:11)39and he captured it with its king and all its towns. And they struck them with the edge of the sword and devoted to destruction every person in it; he left none remaining. Just as he had done to Hebron and to Libnah and its king, so he did to Debir and to its king.40So Joshua struck the whole land, the hill country and the Negeb and the lowland and the slopes, and all their kings. He left none remaining, but devoted to destruction all that breathed, just as the Lord God of Israel commanded. (De 20:16; Jos 12:8)41And Joshua struck them from Kadesh-barnea as far as Gaza, and all the country of Goshen, as far as Gibeon. (De 9:23; Jos 11:16)42And Joshua captured all these kings and their land at one time, because the Lord God of Israel fought for Israel. (Jos 10:14)43Then Joshua returned, and all Israel with him, to the camp at Gilgal. (Jos 10:15)