1When Jesus had finished praying, he left with his disciples. They crossed the Kidron Valley. On the other side there was a grove of olive trees. Jesus and his disciples went into it.2Judas knew the place. He was going to hand Jesus over to his enemies. Jesus had often met in that place with his disciples.3So Judas came to the grove. He was guiding a group of soldiers and some officials. The chief priests and the Pharisees had sent them. They were carrying torches, lanterns and weapons.4Jesus knew everything that was going to happen to him. So he went out and asked them, “Who is it that you want?”5“Jesus of Nazareth,” they replied. “I am he,” Jesus said. Judas, who was going to hand Jesus over, was standing there with them.6When Jesus said, “I am he,” they moved back. Then they fell to the ground.7He asked them again, “Who is it that you want?” They said, “Jesus of Nazareth.”8“I told you I am he,” Jesus answered. “If you are looking for me, then let these men go.”9This happened so that the words Jesus had spoken would come true. He had said, “I have not lost anyone God has given me.” (Joh 6:39)10Simon Peter had a sword and pulled it out. He struck the high priest's servant and cut off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.11Jesus commanded Peter, “Put your sword away! Shouldn't I drink the cup of suffering the Father has given me?”
Jesus Is Taken to Annas
12Then the group of soldiers, their leader and the Jewish officials arrested Jesus. They tied him up13and brought him first to Annas. He was the father‑in‑law of Caiaphas, the high priest at that time.14Caiaphas had advised the Jews that it would be good if one man died for the people.
Peter Says He Is Not Jesus' Disciple
15Simon Peter and another disciple were following Jesus. The high priest knew the other disciple. So that disciple went with Jesus into the high priest's courtyard.16But Peter had to wait outside by the door. The other disciple came back. He was the one the high priest knew. He spoke to the woman who was on duty there. Then he brought Peter in.17The woman at the door spoke to Peter. “You are not one of Jesus' disciples, are you?” she asked him. “I am not,” he replied.18It was cold. The servants and officials stood around a fire. They had made it to keep warm. Peter was also standing with them. He was warming himself.
The High Priest Questions Jesus
19Meanwhile, the high priest questioned Jesus. He asked him about his disciples and his teaching.20“I have spoken openly to the world,” Jesus replied. “I always taught in synagogues or at the temple, where all the Jews come together. I didn't say anything in secret.21Why question me? Ask the people who heard me. They certainly know what I said.”22When Jesus said that, one of the officials nearby hit him in the face. “Is this any way to answer the high priest?” he asked.23“Have I said something wrong?” Jesus replied. “If I have, give witness to it. But if I spoke the truth, why did you hit me?”24While Jesus was still tied up, Annas sent him to Caiaphas, the high priest.
Peter Again Says He Is Not Jesus' Disciple
25Simon Peter stood there. He was warming himself. Then someone asked him, “You aren't one of Jesus' disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.”26One of the high priest's servants was a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off. He said to Peter, “Didn't I see you with Jesus in the olive grove?”27Again Peter said no. At that very moment a rooster began to crow.
Jesus Is Brought to Pilate
28Then the Jews led Jesus from Caiaphas to the palace of the Roman governor. By now it was early morning. The Jews did not want to be made “unclean.” They wanted to be able to eat the Passover meal. So they did not enter the palace.29Pilate came out to them. He asked, “What charges are you bringing against this man?”30“He has committed crimes,” they replied. “If he hadn't, we would not have handed him over to you.”31Pilate said, “Take him yourselves. Judge him by your own law.” “But we don't have the right to put anyone to death,” the Jews complained.32This happened so that the words Jesus had spoken about how he was going to die would come true.33Then Pilate went back inside the palace. He ordered Jesus to be brought to him. Pilate asked him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”34“Is that your own idea?” Jesus asked. “Or did others talk to you about me?”35“Am I a Jew?” Pilate replied. “It was your people and your chief priests who handed you over to me. What have you done?”36Jesus said, “My kingdom is not part of this world. If it were, those who serve me would fight. They would try to keep the Jews from arresting me. My kingdom is from another place.”37“So you are a king, then!” said Pilate. Jesus answered, “You are right to say I am a king. In fact, that's the reason I was born. I came into the world to give witness to the truth. Everyone who is on the side of truth listens to me.”38“What is truth?” Pilate asked. Then Pilate went out again to the Jews. He said, “I find no basis for any charge against him.39But it is your practice for me to set one prisoner free for you at Passover time. Do you want me to set ‘the king of the Jews’ free?”40They shouted back, “No! Not him! Give us Barabbas!” Barabbas had taken part in an armed struggle against the country's rulers.
English Standard Version
Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
1When Jesus had spoken these words, he went out with his disciples across the brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. (2Sa 15:23; Mt 26:30; Mt 26:36; Mr 14:26; Mr 14:32; Lu 22:39)2Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, for Jesus often met there with his disciples. (Lu 21:37; Lu 22:39; Lu 22:40)3So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons. (Mt 26:47; Mr 14:43; Lu 22:47)4Then Jesus, knowing all that would happen to him, came forward and said to them, “Whom do you seek?” (Joh 1:38; Joh 13:1; Joh 18:7; Joh 20:15)5They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am he.” Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them.6When Jesus said to them, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground. (Mt 26:53; Joh 10:18; Re 1:17)7So he asked them again, “Whom do you seek?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” (Joh 18:4)8Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. So, if you seek me, let these men go.”9This was to fulfill the word that he had spoken: “Of those whom you gave me I have lost not one.” (Joh 17:12)10Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant and cut off his right ear. (The servant’s name was Malchus.) (Lu 22:38)11So Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into its sheath; shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me?” (Isa 51:22; Mt 20:22; Mt 26:39; Mt 26:42)
Jesus Faces Annas and Caiaphas
12So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews arrested Jesus and bound him.13First they led him to Annas, for he was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. (Mt 26:3; Mt 26:57; Lu 3:2; Joh 18:24; Joh 18:28; Ac 4:6)14It was Caiaphas who had advised the Jews that it would be expedient that one man should die for the people. (Joh 11:50)
Peter Denies Jesus
15Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Since that disciple was known to the high priest, he entered with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest, (Mt 26:58; Mr 14:54; Lu 22:54)16but Peter stood outside at the door. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the servant girl who kept watch at the door, and brought Peter in. (Mt 26:69; Mr 14:66; Lu 22:55)17The servant girl at the door said to Peter, “You also are not one of this man’s disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.” (Ac 12:13)18Now the servants and officers had made a charcoal fire, because it was cold, and they were standing and warming themselves. Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself. (Mr 14:54; Joh 18:25)
The High Priest Questions Jesus
19The high priest then questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. (Mt 26:59; Mr 14:55; Lu 22:63)20Jesus answered him, “I have spoken openly to the world. I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all Jews come together. I have said nothing in secret. (Isa 45:19; Isa 48:16; Mt 26:55; Joh 7:4; Joh 7:26; Joh 8:26)21Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to them; they know what I said.”22When he had said these things, one of the officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying, “Is that how you answer the high priest?” (Ac 23:4)23Jesus answered him, “If what I said is wrong, bear witness about the wrong; but if what I said is right, why do you strike me?”24Annas then sent him bound to Caiaphas the high priest. (Joh 18:13)
Peter Denies Jesus Again
25Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. So they said to him, “You also are not one of his disciples, are you?” He denied it and said, “I am not.” (Mt 26:71; Mr 14:69; Lu 22:58)26One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, “Did I not see you in the garden with him?” (Joh 18:1; Joh 18:10)27Peter again denied it, and at once a rooster crowed. (Joh 13:38)
Jesus Before Pilate
28Then they led Jesus from the house of Caiaphas to the governor’s headquarters. It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor’s headquarters, so that they would not be defiled, but could eat the Passover. (Mt 27:2; Mt 27:27; Mr 15:1; Lu 23:1; Joh 11:55; Joh 18:24; Joh 18:33; Joh 19:9; Joh 19:14; Ac 10:28; Ac 11:3)29So Pilate went outside to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?” (Mt 27:11; Mr 15:2; Lu 23:2)30They answered him, “If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered him over to you.”31Pilate said to them, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” The Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death.” (Joh 19:6)32This was to fulfill the word that Jesus had spoken to show by what kind of death he was going to die. (Mt 20:19; Mt 26:2; Mr 10:33; Lu 18:32; Joh 12:32; Joh 13:18)
My Kingdom Is Not of This World
33So Pilate entered his headquarters again and called Jesus and said to him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” (Joh 19:9; Joh 19:12)34Jesus answered, “Do you say this of your own accord, or did others say it to you about me?”35Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you over to me. What have you done?”36Jesus answered, “My kingdom is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, my servants would have been fighting, that I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.” (Da 2:44; Da 7:14; Da 7:27; Mt 26:53; Lu 17:21; Joh 6:15; Joh 8:23; Joh 15:19; Joh 17:14; Joh 17:16; Joh 19:16; 1Jo 2:16; 1Jo 4:5)37Then Pilate said to him, “So you are a king?” Jesus answered, “You say that I am a king. For this purpose I was born and for this purpose I have come into the world—to bear witness to the truth. Everyone who is of the truth listens to my voice.” (Lu 22:70; Joh 3:11; Joh 3:32; Joh 5:31; Joh 8:13; Joh 8:18; Joh 8:47; Joh 10:16; Joh 10:27; Joh 12:27; Joh 16:28; Ro 14:9; 1Jo 2:21; 1Jo 3:19; 1Jo 4:6)38Pilate said to him, “What is truth?” After he had said this, he went back outside to the Jews and told them, “I find no guilt in him. (Lu 23:4; Joh 19:4; Joh 19:6)39But you have a custom that I should release one man for you at the Passover. So do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” (Mt 27:15; Mt 27:20; Mr 15:6; Lu 23:18)40They cried out again, “Not this man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber. (Ac 3:14)