1‘Suppose someone steals an ox or a sheep. And suppose that person kills it or sells it. Then the thief must pay back five oxen for the ox. Or the thief must pay back four sheep for the sheep.2‘Suppose you catch a thief breaking into your house at night. And suppose you hit the thief and the thief dies. Then you are not guilty of murder.3But suppose it happens after the sun has come up. Then you are guilty of murder. ‘Anyone who steals must pay for whatever they steal. But suppose the thief does not have anything. Then the thief must be sold to pay for what was stolen.4What if the stolen ox, donkey or sheep is found alive with the thief? Then the thief must pay back twice as much.5‘Suppose someone lets their livestock eat grass in someone else’s field or vineyard. Then they must pay that person back from the best crops of their own field or vineyard.6‘Suppose a fire breaks out and spreads into bushes. Suppose it burns cut and stacked corn or corn that is still growing. Or suppose it burns the whole field. Then the one who started the fire must pay for the loss.7‘Suppose someone gives a neighbour silver or other things to keep safe. And suppose they are stolen from the neighbour’s house. The thief, if caught, must pay back twice as much as was stolen.8But suppose the thief is not found. Then the neighbour must go to the judges. They will decide whether the neighbour has stolen the other person’s property.9Suppose you have an ox, donkey, sheep or clothing that does not belong to you. Or you have other property lost by someone else. And suppose someone says, “That belongs to me.” Then both people must bring their case to the judges. The one the judges decide is guilty must pay back twice as much to the other person.10‘Suppose someone asks their neighbour to take care of a donkey, ox, sheep or any other animal. And suppose the animal dies or gets hurt. Or suppose it is stolen while no one is looking.11Then the problem will be settled by promising the LORD to tell the truth. Suppose the neighbour says, “I didn’t steal your property.” Then the owner must accept what the neighbour says. No payment is required.12But suppose the animal really was stolen. Then the neighbour must pay the owner back.13Or suppose it was torn to pieces by a wild animal. Then the neighbour must bring in what is left as proof. No payment is required.14‘Suppose someone borrows an animal from their neighbour. And it gets hurt or dies while the owner is not there. Then the borrower must pay for it.15But suppose the owner is with the animal. Then the borrower will not have to pay. If the borrower hired the animal, the money paid to hire it covers the loss.
Laws about social problems
16‘Suppose a man meets a virgin who is not engaged. And he talks her into having sex with him. Then he must pay her father the price for a bride. And he must marry her.17But suppose her father absolutely refuses to give her to him. Then he must still pay the price for getting married to a virgin.18‘Do not let a woman who does evil magic stay alive. Put her to death.19‘Anyone who has sex with an animal must be put to death.20‘Anyone who sacrifices to any god other than the LORD must be destroyed.21‘Do not treat outsiders badly. Do not give them a hard time. Remember, you were outsiders in Egypt.22‘Do not take advantage of widows. Do not take advantage of children whose fathers have died.23If you do, they might cry out to me. I will certainly hear them.24And I will get angry. I will kill you with a sword. Your wives will become widows. Your children’s fathers will die.25‘Suppose you lend money to one of my people among you who is in need. Then do not treat it like a business deal. Do not charge any interest at all.26Suppose your neighbour owes you money and gives you a coat as a promise to pay it back. Then return it by sunset.27That coat is the only thing your neighbour owns to wear or sleep in. When they cry out to me, I will listen, because I am loving and kind.28‘Do not speak evil things against God. Do not curse the ruler of your people.29‘Do not keep for yourself your grain offerings or wine offerings. ‘You must give me the eldest of your sons.30Do the same with your cattle and sheep. Let them stay with their mothers for seven days. But give them to me on the eighth day.31‘I want you to be my holy people. So do not eat the meat of any animal that has been torn by wild animals. Throw it to the dogs.
English Standard Version
1 “If a man steals an ox or a sheep, and kills it or sells it, he shall repay five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. (2Sa 12:6; Pr 6:31; Lu 19:8)2 If a thief is found breaking in and is struck so that he dies, there shall be no bloodguilt for him, (Mt 24:43)3but if the sun has risen on him, there shall be bloodguilt for him. He shall surely pay. If he has nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft. (Ex 21:2)4If the stolen beast is found alive in his possession, whether it is an ox or a donkey or a sheep, he shall pay double. (Ex 21:16; Ex 22:1)5“If a man causes a field or vineyard to be grazed over, or lets his beast loose and it feeds in another man’s field, he shall make restitution from the best in his own field and in his own vineyard.6“If fire breaks out and catches in thorns so that the stacked grain or the standing grain or the field is consumed, he who started the fire shall make full restitution.7“If a man gives to his neighbor money or goods to keep safe, and it is stolen from the man’s house, then, if the thief is found, he shall pay double. (Ex 22:4)8If the thief is not found, the owner of the house shall come near to God to show whether or not he has put his hand to his neighbor’s property.9For every breach of trust, whether it is for an ox, for a donkey, for a sheep, for a cloak, or for any kind of lost thing, of which one says, ‘This is it,’ the case of both parties shall come before God. The one whom God condemns shall pay double to his neighbor.10“If a man gives to his neighbor a donkey or an ox or a sheep or any beast to keep safe, and it dies or is injured or is driven away, without anyone seeing it,11an oath by the Lord shall be between them both to see whether or not he has put his hand to his neighbor’s property. The owner shall accept the oath, and he shall not make restitution. (Heb 6:16)12But if it is stolen from him, he shall make restitution to its owner. (Ge 31:39)13If it is torn by beasts, let him bring it as evidence. He shall not make restitution for what has been torn.14“If a man borrows anything of his neighbor, and it is injured or dies, the owner not being with it, he shall make full restitution.15If the owner was with it, he shall not make restitution; if it was hired, it came for its hiring fee.