1The whole community of Israel started out from Elim. They came to the Desert of Sin. It was between Elim and Sinai. They arrived there on the 15th day of the second month after they had come out of Egypt.2In the desert the whole community told Moses and Aaron they weren't happy with them.3The Israelites said to them, “We wish the Lord had put us to death in Egypt. There we sat around pots of meat. We ate all of the food we wanted. But you have brought us out into this desert. You must want this entire community to die of hunger.”4Then the Lord spoke to Moses. He said, “I will rain down bread from heaven for you. The people must go out each day. Have them gather enough bread for that day. Here is how I will put them to the test. I will see if they will follow my directions.5“On the sixth day they must prepare what they bring in. On that day they must gather twice as much as on the other days.”6So Moses and Aaron spoke to all of the people of Israel. They said, “In the evening you will know that the Lord brought you out of Egypt.7And in the morning you will see the glory of the Lord. He has heard you say you aren't happy with him. Who are we? Why are you telling us you aren't happy with us?”8Moses also said, “You will know that the Lord has heard you speak against him. He will give you meat to eat in the evening. He'll give you all of the bread you want in the morning. But who are we? You aren't speaking against us. You are speaking against the Lord.”9Then Moses told Aaron, “Talk to the whole community of Israel. Say to them, ‘Come to the Lord. He has heard you speak against him.’ ”10While Aaron was talking to the whole community of Israel, they looked toward the desert. There was the glory of the Lord appearing in the cloud!11The Lord said to Moses,12“I have heard the people of Israel talking about how unhappy they are. Tell them, ‘When the sun goes down, you will eat meat. In the morning you will be filled with bread. Then you will know that I am the Lord your God.’ ”13That evening quail came and covered the camp. In the morning the ground around the camp was covered with dew.14When the dew was gone, thin flakes appeared on the desert floor. They looked like frost on the ground.15The people of Israel saw the flakes. They asked each other, “What's that?” They didn't know what it was. Moses said to them, “It's the bread the Lord has given you to eat.16Here is what the Lord has commanded. He has said, ‘Each one of you should gather as much as you need. Take two quarts for each person who lives in your tent.’ ”17The people of Israel did as they were told. Some gathered a lot, and some gathered a little.18When they measured it out, those who gathered a lot didn't have too much. And those who gathered a little had enough. All of them gathered only what they needed.19Then Moses said to them, “Don't keep any of it until morning.”20Some of them didn't pay any attention to Moses. They kept part of it until morning. But it was full of maggots and began to stink. So Moses became angry with them.21Each morning all of them gathered as much as they needed. But by the hottest time of the day, the thin flakes had melted away.22On the sixth day, the people gathered twice as much. It amounted to four quarts for each person. The leaders of the community came and reported that to Moses.23He said to them, “Here is what the Lord commanded. He said, ‘Tomorrow will be a day of rest. It will be a holy Sabbath day. It will be set apart for the Lord. So bake what you want to bake. Boil what you want to boil. Save what is left. Keep it until morning.’ ”24So they saved it until morning, just as Moses commanded. It didn't stink or get maggots in it.25“Eat it today,” Moses said. “Today is a Sabbath day in the Lord's honor. You won't find any flakes on the ground today.26Gather them for six days. But on the seventh day there won't be any. It's the Sabbath.”27In spite of what Moses said, some of the people went out on the seventh day to gather the flakes. But they didn't find any.28Then the Lord spoke to Moses. He said, “How long will all of you refuse to obey my commands and my teachings?29Keep in mind that I have given you the Sabbath day. That is why on the sixth day I give you bread for two days. All of you must stay where you are on the seventh day. No one can go out.”30So the people rested on the seventh day.31The people of Israel called the bread manna. It was white like coriander seeds. It tasted like wafers that were made with honey.32Moses said, “Here is what the Lord has commanded. He has said, ‘Get two quarts of manna. Keep it for all time to come. Then those who live after you will see the bread I gave you to eat in the desert. I gave it to you when I brought you out of Egypt.’ ”33So Moses said to Aaron, “Get a jar. Put two quarts of manna in it. Then place it in front of the Lord. Keep it there for all time to come.”34Aaron did exactly as the Lord had commanded Moses. He put the manna in front of the tablets of the covenant. He put it there so it would be kept for all time to come.35The people of Israel ate manna for 40 years. They ate it until they came to a land that was settled. They ate it until they reached the border of Canaan.36The jar had an omer of manna in it. An omer was two quarts.
English Standard Version
Bread from Heaven
1They set out from Elim, and all the congregation of the people of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had departed from the land of Egypt. (Nu 33:10)2And the whole congregation of the people of Israel grumbled against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness, (Ex 15:24; Ex 17:3; 1Co 10:10)3and the people of Israel said to them, “Would that we had died by the hand of the Lord in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the meat pots and ate bread to the full, for you have brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with hunger.” (Nu 11:4; Nu 20:3)4Then the Lord said to Moses, “Behold, I am about to rain bread from heaven for you, and the people shall go out and gather a day’s portion every day, that I may test them, whether they will walk in my law or not. (Ex 15:25; Ne 9:15; Ps 78:24; Ps 105:40; Joh 6:31; 1Co 10:3)5On the sixth day, when they prepare what they bring in, it will be twice as much as they gather daily.” (Ex 16:22)6So Moses and Aaron said to all the people of Israel, “At evening you shall know that it was the Lord who brought you out of the land of Egypt, (Ex 6:7; Ex 16:12; Nu 16:28)7and in the morning you shall see the glory of the Lord, because he has heard your grumbling against the Lord. For what are we, that you grumble against us?” (Ex 13:21; Ex 14:24; Ex 40:34; Nu 16:11; Nu 16:19; 1Ki 8:10)8And Moses said, “When the Lord gives you in the evening meat to eat and in the morning bread to the full, because the Lord has heard your grumbling that you grumble against him—what are we? Your grumbling is not against us but against the Lord.” (Ex 16:7; Nu 14:27; 1Sa 8:7; Lu 10:16; Ro 13:2)9Then Moses said to Aaron, “Say to the whole congregation of the people of Israel, ‘Come near before the Lord, for he has heard your grumbling.’” (Ex 4:14; Nu 16:16)10And as soon as Aaron spoke to the whole congregation of the people of Israel, they looked toward the wilderness, and behold, the glory of the Lord appeared in the cloud. (Ex 16:7)11And the Lord said to Moses,12“I have heard the grumbling of the people of Israel. Say to them, ‘At twilight you shall eat meat, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread. Then you shall know that I am the Lord your God.’” (Ex 16:6; Ex 16:7; Ex 16:8)13In the evening quail came up and covered the camp, and in the morning dew lay around the camp. (Nu 11:9; Nu 11:31; Ps 78:27; Ps 105:40)14And when the dew had gone up, there was on the face of the wilderness a fine, flake-like thing, fine as frost on the ground.15When the people of Israel saw it, they said to one another, “What is it?” For they did not know what it was. And Moses said to them, “It is the bread that the Lord has given you to eat. (Ex 16:4; Ex 16:31; De 8:3)16This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Gather of it, each one of you, as much as he can eat. You shall each take an omer, according to the number of the persons that each of you has in his tent.’” (Ex 16:36)17And the people of Israel did so. They gathered, some more, some less.18But when they measured it with an omer, whoever gathered much had nothing left over, and whoever gathered little had no lack. Each of them gathered as much as he could eat. (2Co 8:15)19And Moses said to them, “Let no one leave any of it over till the morning.”20But they did not listen to Moses. Some left part of it till the morning, and it bred worms and stank. And Moses was angry with them. (Ex 16:24)21Morning by morning they gathered it, each as much as he could eat; but when the sun grew hot, it melted.22On the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers each. And when all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, (Ex 16:5)23he said to them, “This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Tomorrow is a day of solemn rest, a holy Sabbath to the Lord; bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over lay aside to be kept till the morning.’” (Ge 2:3; Ex 20:8; Ex 31:14; Ex 35:2; Le 23:3)24So they laid it aside till the morning, as Moses commanded them, and it did not stink, and there were no worms in it. (Ex 16:20)25Moses said, “Eat it today, for today is a Sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. (Ex 16:23)26Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, which is a Sabbath, there will be none.”27On the seventh day some of the people went out to gather, but they found none.28And the Lord said to Moses, “How long will you refuse to keep my commandments and my laws? (Ps 78:10; Eze 20:13)29See! The Lord has given you the Sabbath; therefore on the sixth day he gives you bread for two days. Remain each of you in his place; let no one go out of his place on the seventh day.”30So the people rested on the seventh day. (Lu 23:56)31Now the house of Israel called its name manna. It was like coriander seed, white, and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. (Ex 16:15; Nu 11:7)32Moses said, “This is what the Lord has commanded: ‘Let an omer of it be kept throughout your generations, so that they may see the bread with which I fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you out of the land of Egypt.’”33And Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar, and put an omer of manna in it, and place it before the Lord to be kept throughout your generations.” (Heb 9:4)34As the Lord commanded Moses, so Aaron placed it before the testimony to be kept. (Ex 25:16; Ex 25:21; Ex 26:33; Ex 27:21; Ex 30:6; Ex 30:26; Ex 30:36; Ex 40:21)35The people of Israel ate the manna forty years, till they came to a habitable land. They ate the manna till they came to the border of the land of Canaan. (De 8:2; Jos 5:12; Ne 9:20)36(An omer is the tenth part of an ephah.) (Le 5:11; Le 6:20)