1Theophilus, I wrote about Jesus in my earlier book. I wrote about all he did and taught2until the day he was taken up to heaven. Before Jesus left, he gave orders to the apostles he had chosen. He did this through the Holy Spirit.3After his suffering and death, he appeared to them. In many ways he proved that he was alive. He appeared to them over a period of 40 days. During that time he spoke about God's kingdom.4One day Jesus was eating with them. He gave them a command. “Do not leave Jerusalem,” he said. “Wait for the gift my Father promised. You have heard me talk about it.5John baptized with water. But in a few days you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit.”6When the apostles met together, they asked Jesus a question. “Lord,” they said, “are you going to give the kingdom back to Israel now?”7He said to them, “You should not be concerned about times or dates. The Father has set them by his own authority.8But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you. Then you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem. You will be my witnesses in all Judea and Samaria. And you will be my witnesses from one end of the earth to the other.”9After Jesus said this, he was taken up to heaven. They watched until a cloud hid him from their sight.10While he was going up, they kept on looking at the sky. Suddenly two men dressed in white clothing stood beside them.11“Men of Galilee,” they said, “why do you stand here looking at the sky? Jesus has been taken away from you into heaven. But he will come back in the same way you saw him go.”
Matthias Is Chosen to Take the Place of Judas
12The apostles returned to Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives. It is almost a mile from the city.13When they arrived, they went upstairs to the room where they were staying. Peter, John, James and Andrew were there. Philip, Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew were there too. So were James, son of Alphaeus, Simon the Zealot, and Judas, son of James.14They all came together regularly to pray. The women joined them too. So did Jesus' mother Mary and his brothers.15In those days Peter stood up among the believers. About 120 of them were there.16Peter said, “Brothers, a long time ago the Holy Spirit spoke through David's mouth about Judas. What he said in Scripture had to come true. Judas was the guide for the men who arrested Jesus.17But Judas was one of us. He shared with us in our work for God.”18Judas bought a field with the reward he got for the evil thing he had done. He fell down headfirst in the field. His body burst open. All his insides spilled out.19Everyone in Jerusalem heard about this. So they called that field Akeldama. In their language, Akeldama means The Field of Blood.20Peter said, “Here is what is written in the book of Psalms. It says, “ ‘May his home be deserted. May no one live in it.’ The Psalms also say, “ ‘Let someone else take his place as leader.’ (Ps 69:25; Ps 109:8)21So we need to choose someone to take his place. It will have to be a man who was with us the whole time the Lord Jesus lived among us.22That time began when John was baptizing. It ended when Jesus was taken up from us. The one we choose must join us in giving witness that Jesus rose from the dead.”23So they suggested two men. One was Joseph, who was called Barsabbas. He was also called Justus. The other man was Matthias.24Then they prayed. “Lord,” they said, “you know everyone's heart. Show us which of these two you have chosen.25Show us who should take the place of Judas as an apostle. He gave up being an apostle to go where he belongs.”26Then they cast lots. Matthias was chosen. So he was added to the 11 apostles.
12Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day’s journey away. (Lu 24:50; Lu 24:52)13And when they had entered, they went up to the upper room, where they were staying, Peter and John and James and Andrew, Philip and Thomas, Bartholomew and Matthew, James the son of Alphaeus and Simon the Zealot and Judas the son of James. (Mt 10:2; Mr 3:16; Lu 6:14; Ac 9:37; Ac 9:39; Ac 20:8; Ac 21:20)14All these with one accord were devoting themselves to prayer, together with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and his brothers. (Mt 12:46; Lu 8:2; Ac 2:42; Ac 2:46; Ac 4:24; Ac 5:12; Ac 6:4; Ac 15:25; Ro 12:12; Ro 15:6; Eph 6:18; Col 4:2)15In those days Peter stood up among the brothers (the company of persons was in all about 120) and said, (Joh 21:23)16“Brothers, the Scripture had to be fulfilled, which the Holy Spirit spoke beforehand by the mouth of David concerning Judas, who became a guide to those who arrested Jesus. (Mt 26:47; Mr 14:43; Lu 22:37; Lu 22:47; Lu 24:44; Joh 18:3)17For he was numbered among us and was allotted his share in this ministry.” (Joh 6:71; Joh 13:21; Ac 1:25; Ac 20:24; Ac 21:19; Ro 11:13; 2Co 4:1)18(Now this man acquired a field with the reward of his wickedness, and falling headlong he burst open in the middle and all his bowels gushed out. (Mt 26:14; Mt 27:5)19And it became known to all the inhabitants of Jerusalem, so that the field was called in their own language Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.) (Ac 21:40)20“For it is written in the Book of Psalms, “‘May his camp become desolate, and let there be no one to dwell in it’; and “‘Let another take his office.’ (Ps 69:25; Ps 109:8)21So one of the men who have accompanied us during all the time that the Lord Jesus went in and out among us, (Nu 27:17; De 31:2; 1Sa 18:13; Joh 15:27)22beginning from the baptism of John until the day when he was taken up from us—one of these men must become with us a witness to his resurrection.” (Mr 1:1; Lu 24:48; Ac 1:2; Ac 1:8; Ac 1:9; Ac 4:33; Ac 13:24; 1Pe 1:3)23And they put forward two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was also called Justus, and Matthias. (Ac 1:26; Ac 15:22; Ac 18:7; Col 4:11)24And they prayed and said, “You, Lord, who know the hearts of all, show which one of these two you have chosen (1Sa 16:7; Ac 6:6; Ac 13:3; Ro 8:27)25to take the place in this ministry and apostleship from which Judas turned aside to go to his own place.” (Ac 1:17; Ro 1:5; 1Co 9:2; Ga 2:8)26And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles.