1A certain man from Ramathaim in the hill country of Ephraim was named Elkanah. He was the son of Jeroham. Jeroham was the son of Elihu. Elihu was the son of Tohu. Tohu was the son of Zuph. Elkanah belonged to the family line of Zuph. Elkanah lived in the territory of Ephraim.2Elkanah had two wives. One was named Hannah. The other was named Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah didn't.3Year after year Elkanah went up from his town to Shiloh. He went there to worship and sacrifice to the Lord who rules over all. Hophni and Phinehas served as priests of the Lord at Shiloh. They were the two sons of Eli.4Every time the day came for Elkanah to offer a sacrifice, he would give a share of the meat to his wife Peninnah. He would also give a share to each of her sons and daughters.5But he would give two shares of meat to Hannah. That's because he loved her. He also gave her two shares because the Lord had kept her from having children.6Peninnah teased Hannah to make her angry. She did it because the Lord had kept Hannah from having children.7Peninnah teased Hannah year after year. Every time Hannah would go up to the house of the Lord, Elkanah's other wife would tease her. She would keep doing it until Hannah cried and wouldn't eat.8Her husband Elkanah would speak to her. He would say, “Hannah, why are you crying? Why don't you eat? Why are you so angry and unhappy? Don't I mean more to you than ten sons?”9One time when they had finished eating and drinking in Shiloh, Hannah stood up. The priest Eli was sitting on a chair by the doorpost of the Lord's house.10Hannah was very bitter. She sobbed and sobbed. She prayed to the Lord.11She made a promise to him. She said, “Lord, you rule over all. Please see how I'm suffering! Show concern for me! Don't forget about me! Please give me a son! If you do, I'll give him back to you. Then he will serve you all the days of his life. He'll never use a razor on his head. He'll never cut his hair.”12As Hannah kept on praying to the Lord, Eli watched her lips.13She was praying in her heart. Her lips were moving. But she wasn't making a sound. Eli thought Hannah was drunk.14He said to her, “How long will you keep on getting drunk? Get rid of your wine.”15“That's not true, sir,” Hannah replied. “I'm a woman who is deeply troubled. I haven't been drinking wine or beer. I was telling the Lord all of my troubles.16Don't think of me as an evil woman. I've been praying here because I'm very sad. My pain is so great.”17Eli answered, “Go in peace. May the God of Israel give you what you have asked him for.”18She said, “May you be pleased with me.” Then she left and had something to eat. Her face wasn't sad anymore.19Early the next morning Elkanah and his family got up. They worshiped the Lord. Then they went back to their home in Ramah. Elkanah made love to his wife Hannah. And the Lord showed concern for her.20After some time, Hannah became pregnant. She had a baby boy. She said, “I asked the Lord for him.” So she named him Samuel.
Hannah Gives Samuel to the Lord
21Elkanah went up to Shiloh to offer the yearly sacrifice to the Lord. He also went there to keep a promise he had made. His whole family went with him.22But Hannah didn't go. She said to her husband, “When the boy doesn't need me to nurse him anymore, I'll take him to the Lord's house. I'll give him to the Lord there. He'll stay there for the rest of his life.”23Her husband Elkanah told her, “Do what you think is best. Stay here at home until Samuel doesn't need you to nurse him anymore. May the Lord make his promise to you come true.” So Hannah stayed home. She nursed her son until he didn't need her milk anymore.24When the boy didn't need her to nurse him anymore, she took him with her to Shiloh. She took him there even though he was still very young. She brought him to the Lord's house. She brought along a bull that was three years old. She brought more than half a bushel of flour. She also brought a bottle of wine. The bottle was made out of animal skin.25After the bull was killed, Elkanah and Hannah brought the boy to Eli.26Hannah said to Eli, “Sir, I'm the woman who stood here beside you praying to the Lord. And that's just as sure as you are alive.27I prayed for this child. The Lord has given me what I asked him for.28So now I'm giving him to the Lord. As long as he lives he'll be given to the Lord.” And all of them worshiped the Lord there.
1 Samuel 1
English Standard Version
The Birth of Samuel
1There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim of the hill country of Ephraim whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, an Ephrathite. (Jos 24:33; 1Sa 1:19; 1Ki 11:26)2He had two wives. The name of the one was Hannah, and the name of the other, Peninnah. And Peninnah had children, but Hannah had no children.3Now this man used to go up year by year from his city to worship and to sacrifice to the Lord of hosts at Shiloh, where the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were priests of the Lord. (Ex 23:14; De 12:5; De 16:16; Jos 18:1; 1Sa 1:21; Lu 2:41)4On the day when Elkanah sacrificed, he would give portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and daughters. (De 12:17; De 16:11; Ne 8:10; Ne 8:12)5But to Hannah he gave a double portion, because he loved her, though the Lord had closed her womb.6And her rival used to provoke her grievously to irritate her, because the Lord had closed her womb.7So it went on year by year. As often as she went up to the house of the Lord, she used to provoke her. Therefore Hannah wept and would not eat.8And Elkanah, her husband, said to her, “Hannah, why do you weep? And why do you not eat? And why is your heart sad? Am I not more to you than ten sons?” (Ru 4:15)9After they had eaten and drunk in Shiloh, Hannah rose. Now Eli the priest was sitting on the seat beside the doorpost of the temple of the Lord. (1Sa 3:3)10She was deeply distressed and prayed to the Lord and wept bitterly. (Job 7:11; Job 10:1)11And she vowed a vow and said, “O Lord of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your servant and remember me and not forget your servant, but will give to your servant a son, then I will give him to the Lord all the days of his life, and no razor shall touch his head.” (Ge 28:20; Ge 29:32; Ge 30:22; Nu 6:5; Jud 11:30; Jud 13:5; 1Sa 1:19)12As she continued praying before the Lord, Eli observed her mouth.13Hannah was speaking in her heart; only her lips moved, and her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli took her to be a drunken woman.14And Eli said to her, “How long will you go on being drunk? Put your wine away from you.”15But Hannah answered, “No, my lord, I am a woman troubled in spirit. I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink, but I have been pouring out my soul before the Lord. (Job 30:16; Ps 42:4; Ps 62:8; La 2:19)16Do not regard your servant as a worthless woman, for all along I have been speaking out of my great anxiety and vexation.” (Jud 19:22; 1Sa 2:12)17Then Eli answered, “Go in peace, and the God of Israel grant your petition that you have made to him.” (Jud 18:6; 1Sa 20:42; 2Ki 5:19; Ps 20:4; Mr 5:34)18And she said, “Let your servant find favor in your eyes.” Then the woman went her way and ate, and her face was no longer sad. (Ge 33:15; Ru 2:13; Ec 9:7)19They rose early in the morning and worshiped before the Lord; then they went back to their house at Ramah. And Elkanah knew Hannah his wife, and the Lord remembered her. (1Sa 1:1; 1Sa 1:11; 1Sa 2:11)20And in due time Hannah conceived and bore a son, and she called his name Samuel, for she said, “I have asked for him from the Lord.”
Samuel Given to the Lord
21The man Elkanah and all his house went up to offer to the Lord the yearly sacrifice and to pay his vow. (1Sa 1:3)22But Hannah did not go up, for she said to her husband, “As soon as the child is weaned, I will bring him, so that he may appear in the presence of the Lord and dwell there forever.” (1Sa 1:11; 1Sa 1:28; 1Sa 2:11; 1Sa 2:18; 1Sa 3:1)23Elkanah her husband said to her, “Do what seems best to you; wait until you have weaned him; only, may the Lord establish his word.” So the woman remained and nursed her son until she weaned him. (Nu 30:7; 2Sa 7:25)24And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour, and a skin of wine, and she brought him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh. And the child was young. (De 12:5; De 12:11; Jos 18:1; 1Sa 1:3; 1Sa 1:9)25Then they slaughtered the bull, and they brought the child to Eli.26And she said, “Oh, my lord! As you live, my lord, I am the woman who was standing here in your presence, praying to the Lord. (1Sa 17:55; 1Sa 20:3; 2Sa 11:11; 2Ki 2:2; 2Ki 2:4; 2Ki 2:6; 2Ki 4:30)27For this child I prayed, and the Lord has granted me my petition that I made to him. (1Sa 1:17; Ps 6:9)28Therefore I have lent him to the Lord. As long as he lives, he is lent to the Lord.” And he worshiped the Lord there. (Ge 24:26; Ge 24:52)