1So king Solomon was king over all Israel.2And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,3Elihoreph and Ahiah, the sons of Shisha, scribes; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, the recorder.4And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:5And Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers: and Zabud the son of Nathan was principal officer, and the king' friend:6And Ahishar was over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the tribute.7And Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, which provided victuals for the king and his household: each man his month in a year made provision.8And these are their names: The son of Hur, in mount Ephraim:9The son of Dekar, in Makaz, and in Shaalbim, and Bethshemesh, and Elonbethhanan:10The son of Hesed, in Aruboth; to him pertained Sochoh, and all the land of Hepher:11The son of Abinadab, in all the region of Dor; which had Taphath the daughter of Solomon to wife:12Baana the son of Ahilud; to him pertained Taanach and Megiddo, and all Bethshean, which is by Zartanah beneath Jezreel, from Bethshean to Abelmeholah, even unto the place that is beyond Jokneam:13The son of Geber, in Ramothgilead; to him pertained the towns of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead; to him also pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brasen bars:14Ahinadab the son of Iddo had Mahanaim:15Ahimaaz was in Naphtali; he also took Basmath the daughter of Solomon to wife:16Baanah the son of Hushai was in Asher and in Aloth:17Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar:18Shimei the son of Elah, in Benjamin:19Geber the son of Uri was in the country of Gilead, in the country of Sihon king of the Amorites, and of Og king of Bashan; and he was the only officer which was in the land.20Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.21And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life.22And Solomon' provision for one day was thirty measures of fine flour, and threescore measures of meal,23Ten fat oxen, and twenty oxen out of the pastures, and an hundred sheep, beside harts, and roebucks, and fallowdeer, and fatted fowl.24For he had dominion over all the region on this side the river, from Tiphsah even to Azzah, over all the kings on this side the river: and he had peace on all sides round about him.25And Judah and Israel dwelt safely, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, from Dan even to Beersheba, all the days of Solomon.26And Solomon had forty thousand stalls of horses for his chariots, and twelve thousand horsemen.27And those officers provided victual for king Solomon, and for all that came unto king Solomon' table, every man in his month: they lacked nothing.28Barley also and straw for the horses and dromedaries brought they unto the place where the officers were, every man according to his charge.29And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore.30And Solomon' wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt.31For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about.32And he spake three thousand proverbs: and his songs were a thousand and five.33And he spake of trees, from the cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the hyssop that springeth out of the wall: he spake also of beasts, and of fowl, and of creeping things, and of fishes.34And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom.
1 Kings 4
English Standard Version
1King Solomon was king over all Israel,2and these were his high officials: Azariah the son of Zadok was the priest; (1Ch 6:10)3Elihoreph and Ahijah the sons of Shisha were secretaries; Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; (2Sa 8:16; 2Sa 20:24)4Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in command of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests; (2Sa 20:25; 1Ki 2:27; 1Ki 2:35)5Azariah the son of Nathan was over the officers; Zabud the son of Nathan was priest and king’s friend; (2Sa 15:37; 2Sa 16:16; 1Ki 4:7; 1Ch 27:33)6Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram the son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor. (2Sa 20:24; 1Ki 5:14; 1Ki 9:15; 1Ki 12:18; 2Ch 10:18)7Solomon had twelve officers over all Israel, who provided food for the king and his household. Each man had to make provision for one month in the year.8These were their names: Ben-hur, in the hill country of Ephraim; (Jos 24:33)9Ben-deker, in Makaz, Shaalbim, Beth-shemesh, and Elonbeth-hanan;10Ben-hesed, in Arubboth (to him belonged Socoh and all the land of Hepher);11Ben-abinadab, in all Naphath-dor (he had Taphath the daughter of Solomon as his wife); (Jos 11:2)12Baana the son of Ahilud, in Taanach, Megiddo, and all Beth-shean that is beside Zarethan below Jezreel, and from Beth-shean to Abel-meholah, as far as the other side of Jokmeam; (Jos 17:11)13Ben-geber, in Ramoth-gilead (he had the villages of Jair the son of Manasseh, which are in Gilead, and he had the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, sixty great cities with walls and bronze bars); (Nu 32:41; De 3:4; 1Ki 22:3)14Ahinadab the son of Iddo, in Mahanaim;15Ahimaaz, in Naphtali (he had taken Basemath the daughter of Solomon as his wife);16Baana the son of Hushai, in Asher and Bealoth;17Jehoshaphat the son of Paruah, in Issachar;18Shimei the son of Ela, in Benjamin; (1Ki 1:8)19Geber the son of Uri, in the land of Gilead, the country of Sihon king of the Amorites and of Og king of Bashan. And there was one governor who was over the land. (De 3:8)
Solomon’s Wealth and Wisdom
20Judah and Israel were as many as the sand by the sea. They ate and drank and were happy. (Ge 22:17; 1Ki 3:8; 2Ch 1:9)21 Solomon ruled over all the kingdoms from the Euphrates to the land of the Philistines and to the border of Egypt. They brought tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life. (Ge 15:18; Ex 23:31; Jos 1:4; 2Ch 9:26; Ps 68:29; Ps 72:8; Ps 72:10)22Solomon’s provision for one day was thirty cors of fine flour and sixty cors of meal,23ten fat oxen, and twenty pasture-fed cattle, a hundred sheep, besides deer, gazelles, roebucks, and fattened fowl.24For he had dominion over all the region west of the Euphrates from Tiphsah to Gaza, over all the kings west of the Euphrates. And he had peace on all sides around him. (Ge 10:19; 1Ch 22:9)25And Judah and Israel lived in safety, from Dan even to Beersheba, every man under his vine and under his fig tree, all the days of Solomon. (2Sa 3:10; 2Ki 18:31; Isa 36:16; Jer 23:6; Jer 32:37; Eze 28:26; Mic 4:4; Zec 3:10)26Solomon also had 40,000 stalls of horses for his chariots, and 12,000 horsemen. (1Ki 10:26; 2Ch 1:14; 2Ch 9:25)27And those officers supplied provisions for King Solomon, and for all who came to King Solomon’s table, each one in his month. They let nothing be lacking.28Barley also and straw for the horses and swift steeds they brought to the place where it was required, each according to his duty. (Es 8:10; Es 8:14; Mic 1:13)29And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding beyond measure, and breadth of mind like the sand on the seashore, (1Ki 3:12; 1Ki 4:20)30so that Solomon’s wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the people of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt. (Jud 6:3; Isa 19:11; Ac 7:22)31For he was wiser than all other men, wiser than Ethan the Ezrahite, and Heman, Calcol, and Darda, the sons of Mahol, and his fame was in all the surrounding nations. (1Ki 4:29)32He also spoke 3,000 proverbs, and his songs were 1,005. (Pr 1:1; Ec 12:9; So 1:1)33He spoke of trees, from the cedar that is in Lebanon to the hyssop that grows out of the wall. He spoke also of beasts, and of birds, and of reptiles, and of fish.34And people of all nations came to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and from all the kings of the earth, who had heard of his wisdom. (1Ki 10:1; 2Ch 9:23)