1And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel.2And David said to Joab and to the rulers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know it .3And Joab answered, The LORD make his people an hundred times so many more as they be : but, my lord the king, are they not all my lord' servants? why then doth my lord require this thing? why will he be a cause of trespass to Israel?4Nevertheless the king' word prevailed against Joab. Wherefore Joab departed, and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem.5And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all they of Israel were a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Judah was four hundred threescore and ten thousand men that drew sword.6But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them: for the king' word was abominable to Joab.7And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel.8And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing: but now, I beseech thee, do away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.9And the LORD spake unto Gad, David' seer, saying,10Go and tell David, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three things : choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee.11So Gad came to David, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Choose thee12Either three years'famine; or three months to be destroyed before thy foes, while that the sword of thine enemies overtaketh thee ; or else three days the sword of the LORD, even the pestilence, in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the coasts of Israel. Now therefore advise thyself what word I shall bring again to him that sent me.13And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for very great are his mercies: but let me not fall into the hand of man.14So the LORD sent pestilence upon Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men.15And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.16And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces.17And David said unto God, Is it not I that commanded the people to be numbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but as for these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, O LORD my God, be on me, and on my father' house; but not on thy people, that they should be plagued.18Then the angel of the LORD commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up, and set up an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.19And David went up at the saying of Gad, which he spake in the name of the LORD.20And Ornan turned back, and saw the angel; and his four sons with him hid themselves. Now Ornan was threshing wheat.21And as David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out of the threshingfloor, and bowed himself to David with his face to the ground.22Then David said to Ornan, Grant me the place of this threshingfloor, that I may build an altar therein unto the LORD: thou shalt grant it me for the full price: that the plague may be stayed from the people.23And Ornan said unto David, Take it to thee, and let my lord the king do that which is good in his eyes: lo, I give thee the oxen also for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for the meat offering; I give it all.24And king David said to Ornan, Nay; but I will verily buy it for the full price: for I will not take that which is thine for the LORD, nor offer burnt offerings without cost.25So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight.26And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt offering.27And the LORD commanded the angel; and he put up his sword again into the sheath thereof.28At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there.29For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, were at that season in the high place at Gibeon.30But David could not go before it to enquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.
1 Chronicles 21
English Standard Version
David’s Census Brings Pestilence
1Then Satan stood against Israel and incited David to number Israel. (2Sa 24:1; Job 1:6; Job 2:1; Zec 3:1)2So David said to Joab and the commanders of the army, “Go, number Israel, from Beersheba to Dan, and bring me a report, that I may know their number.”3But Joab said, “May the Lord add to his people a hundred times as many as they are! Are they not, my lord the king, all of them my lord’s servants? Why then should my lord require this? Why should it be a cause of guilt for Israel?”4But the king’s word prevailed against Joab. So Joab departed and went throughout all Israel and came back to Jerusalem.5And Joab gave the sum of the numbering of the people to David. In all Israel there were 1,100,000 men who drew the sword, and in Judah 470,000 who drew the sword. (2Sa 24:9)6But he did not include Levi and Benjamin in the numbering, for the king’s command was abhorrent to Joab. (1Ch 27:24)7But God was displeased with this thing, and he struck Israel.8And David said to God, “I have sinned greatly in that I have done this thing. But now, please take away the iniquity of your servant, for I have acted very foolishly.” (2Sa 12:13)9And the Lord spoke to Gad, David’s seer, saying, (1Sa 9:9; 1Ch 29:29)10“Go and say to David, ‘Thus says the Lord, Three things I offer you; choose one of them, that I may do it to you.’”11So Gad came to David and said to him, “Thus says the Lord, ‘Choose what you will:12either three years of famine, or three months of devastation by your foes while the sword of your enemies overtakes you, or else three days of the sword of the Lord, pestilence on the land, with the angel of the Lord destroying throughout all the territory of Israel.’ Now decide what answer I shall return to him who sent me.” (2Sa 24:13)13Then David said to Gad, “I am in great distress. Let me fall into the hand of the Lord, for his mercy is very great, but do not let me fall into the hand of man.”14So the Lord sent a pestilence on Israel, and 70,000 men of Israel fell.15And God sent the angel to Jerusalem to destroy it, but as he was about to destroy it, the Lord saw, and he relented from the calamity. And he said to the angel who was working destruction, “It is enough; now stay your hand.” And the angel of the Lord was standing by the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. (Ge 6:6)16And David lifted his eyes and saw the angel of the Lord standing between earth and heaven, and in his hand a drawn sword stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders, clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces. (2Sa 3:31; 1Ki 20:31)17And David said to God, “Was it not I who gave command to number the people? It is I who have sinned and done great evil. But these sheep, what have they done? Please let your hand, O Lord my God, be against me and against my father’s house. But do not let the plague be on your people.”
David Builds an Altar
18Now the angel of the Lord had commanded Gad to say to David that David should go up and raise an altar to the Lord on the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite. (2Ch 3:1)19So David went up at Gad’s word, which he had spoken in the name of the Lord.20Now Ornan was threshing wheat. He turned and saw the angel, and his four sons who were with him hid themselves.21As David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David and went out from the threshing floor and paid homage to David with his face to the ground.22And David said to Ornan, “Give me the site of the threshing floor that I may build on it an altar to the Lord—give it to me at its full price—that the plague may be averted from the people.”23Then Ornan said to David, “Take it, and let my lord the king do what seems good to him. See, I give the oxen for burnt offerings and the threshing sledges for the wood and the wheat for a grain offering; I give it all.”24But King David said to Ornan, “No, but I will buy them for the full price. I will not take for the Lord what is yours, nor offer burnt offerings that cost me nothing.”25So David paid Ornan 600 shekels of gold by weight for the site. (2Sa 24:24)26And David built there an altar to the Lord and presented burnt offerings and peace offerings and called on the Lord, and the Lord answered him with fire from heaven upon the altar of burnt offering. (Le 9:24)27Then the Lord commanded the angel, and he put his sword back into its sheath.28At that time, when David saw that the Lord had answered him at the threshing floor of Ornan the Jebusite, he sacrificed there.29For the tabernacle of the Lord, which Moses had made in the wilderness, and the altar of burnt offering were at that time in the high place at Gibeon, (1Ki 3:4; 1Ch 16:39; 2Ch 1:3)30but David could not go before it to inquire of God, for he was afraid of the sword of the angel of the Lord.