1 To the choirmaster: according to Shushan Eduth. A Miktam
1. Probably musical or liturgical terms
 of David; for instruction; when he strove with Aram-naharaim and with Aram-zobah, and when Joab on his return struck down twelve thousand of Edom in the Valley of Salt. O God, you have rejected us, broken our defenses; you have been angry; oh, restore us. (De 31:19; 2Sa 5:20; 2Sa 8:3; 2Sa 8:13; 2Sa 10:16; 1Ch 18:3; 1Ch 18:12; Ps 16:1; Ps 44:9; Ps 60:10; Ps 80:1; Ps 80:3)2 You have made the land to quake; you have torn it open; repair its breaches, for it totters. (2Ch 7:14)3 You have made your people see hard things; you have given us wine to drink that made us stagger. (Job 21:20; Ps 71:20; Isa 51:17; Isa 51:22)4 You have set up a banner for those who fear you, that they may flee to it from the bow.