1 Hear the word of the Lord, O children of Israel, for the Lord has a controversy with the inhabitants of the land. There is no faithfulness or steadfast love, and no knowledge of God in the land; (Isa 3:13; Jer 4:22; Jer 5:4; Jer 25:31; Ho 4:6; Ho 4:14; Ho 5:1; Mic 6:2)2 there is swearing, lying, murder, stealing, and committing adultery; they break all bounds, and bloodshed follows bloodshed. (Ho 6:9; Ho 7:1; Ho 12:14; Mic 3:10; Mic 7:2)3 Therefore the land mourns, and all who dwell in it languish, and also the beasts of the field and the birds of the heavens, and even the fish of the sea are taken away. (Isa 24:4; Jer 4:28; Eze 38:20; Joe 1:10; Joe 1:18; Zep 1:3)4 Yet let no one contend, and let none accuse, for with you is my contention, O priest.
1. Or for your people are like those who contend with the priest
 (De 17:12; Ho 4:17)5 You shall stumble by day; the prophet also shall stumble with you by night; and I will destroy your mother. (Ho 2:2)6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge; because you have rejected knowledge, I reject you from being a priest to me. And since you have forgotten the law of your God, I also will forget your children. (Ex 19:6; Pr 1:29; Isa 5:13; Jer 23:39; Ho 4:1)7 The more they increased, the more they sinned against me; I will change their glory into shame. (1Sa 2:30; Ho 13:6; Mal 2:9)8 They feed on the sin
1. Or sin offering
 of my people; they are greedy for their iniquity. (Le 6:25; Le 10:17)9 And it shall be like people, like priest; I will punish them for their ways and repay them for their deeds. (Isa 24:2)10 They shall eat, but not be satisfied; they shall play the whore, but not multiply, because they have forsaken the Lord to cherish (Le 26:26; Mic 6:14; Hag 1:6)11 whoredom, wine, and new wine, which take away the understanding. (1Ki 11:4; Pr 20:1)12 My people inquire of a piece of wood, and their walking staff gives them oracles. For a spirit of whoredom has led them astray, and they have left their God to play the whore. (Jud 18:5; Ho 2:2; Ho 5:4)13 They sacrifice on the tops of the mountains and burn offerings on the hills, under oak, poplar, and terebinth, because their shade is good. Therefore your daughters play the whore, and your brides commit adultery. (Isa 1:29; Eze 6:13)14 I will not punish your daughters when they play the whore, nor your brides when they commit adultery; for the men themselves go aside with prostitutes and sacrifice with cult prostitutes, and a people without understanding shall come to ruin. (De 23:17; Ho 4:1; Ho 4:6; Ho 9:10)15 Though you play the whore, O Israel, let not Judah become guilty. Enter not into Gilgal, nor go up to Beth-aven, and swear not, “As the Lord lives.” (1Ki 12:29; Ho 5:8; Ho 6:4; Ho 9:15; Ho 10:5; Ho 10:8; Ho 12:11; Am 1:5; Am 4:4; Am 5:5)16 Like a stubborn heifer, Israel is stubborn; can the Lord now feed them like a lamb in a broad pasture?17 Ephraim is joined to idols; leave him alone. (Ho 4:12; Ho 5:3; Mt 15:14)18 When their drink is gone, they give themselves to whoring; their rulers
1. Hebrew shields
 dearly love shame. (Ho 9:10)19 A wind has wrapped them