1 Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where there was a synagogue of the Jews. (Ac 20:4; Php 4:16; 1Th 1:1)2 And Paul went in, as was his custom, and on three Sabbath days he reasoned with them from the Scriptures, (Ac 8:35; Ac 13:5)3 explaining and proving that it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead, and saying, “This Jesus, whom I proclaim to you, is the Christ.” (Lu 24:26; Lu 24:32; Joh 20:9; Ac 3:18)4 And some of them were persuaded and joined Paul and Silas, as did a great many of the devout Greeks and not a few of the leading women. (Joh 7:35; Ac 14:4; Ac 17:12; 1Th 2:1)5 But the Jews
1. Greek Ioudaioi probably refers here to Jewish religious leaders, and others under their influence, in that time; also verse 13
 were jealous, and taking some wicked men of the rabble, they formed a mob, set the city in an uproar, and attacked the house of Jason, seeking to bring them out to the crowd. (Jud 9:4; Jud 11:3; 2Ch 13:7; Ac 5:17; Ac 13:50; 1Th 2:14)6 And when they could not find them, they dragged Jason and some of the brothers before the city authorities, shouting, “These men who have turned the world upside down have come here also, (Ac 16:19)7 and Jason has received them, and they are all acting against the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, Jesus.” (Lu 2:1; Lu 23:2; Ac 16:4)8 And the people and the city authorities were disturbed when they heard these things.9 And when they had taken money as security from Jason and the rest, they let them go.
Paul and Silas in Berea
10 The brothers
1. Or brothers and sisters; also verse 14
 immediately sent Paul and Silas away by night to Berea, and when they arrived they went into the Jewish synagogue. (Joh 21:23; Ac 17:2; Ac 17:14)11 Now these Jews were more noble than those in Thessalonica; they received the word with all eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see if these things were so. (Isa 34:16; Joh 5:39)12 Many of them therefore believed, with not a few Greek women of high standing as well as men. (Ac 13:50; Ac 17:4)13 But when the Jews from Thessalonica learned that the word of God was proclaimed by Paul at Berea also, they came there too, agitating and stirring up the crowds. (Ac 17:8)14 Then the brothers immediately sent Paul off on his way to the sea, but Silas and Timothy remained there. (Mt 10:23; Ac 16:1; Ac 17:10)15 Those who conducted Paul brought him as far as Athens, and after receiving a command for Silas and Timothy to come to him as soon as possible, they departed. (Ac 15:3; Ac 18:1; Ac 18:5; 1Th 3:1)
Paul in Athens
16 Now while Paul was waiting for them at Athens, his spirit was provoked within him as he saw that the city was full of idols. (Isa 2:8; 2Pe 2:8)17 So he reasoned in the synagogue with the Jews and the devout persons, and in the marketplace every day with those who happened to be there. (Ac 13:5)18 Some of the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers also conversed with him. And some said, “What does this babbler wish to say?” Others said, “He seems to be a preacher of foreign divinities”—because he was preaching Jesus and the resurrection. (Ac 4:2; Ac 5:42; Ac 17:31; 1Co 4:10; 1Co 15:12)19 And they took him and brought him to the Areopagus, saying, “May we know what this new teaching is that you are presenting? (Mr 1:27; Joh 7:16; Ac 17:22; Ac 17:34; Heb 13:9)20 For you bring some strange things to our ears. We wish to know therefore what these things mean.” (Ho 8:12; 1Pe 4:4; 1Pe 4:12)21 Now all the Athenians and the foreigners who lived there would spend their time in nothing except telling or hearing something new.
Paul Addresses the Areopagus
22 So Paul, standing in the midst of the Areopagus, said: “Men of Athens, I perceive that in every way you are very religious.23 For as I passed along and observed the objects of your worship, I found also an altar with this inscription: ‘To the unknown god.’ What therefore you worship as unknown, this I proclaim to you. (Joh 4:22; Ac 17:30; 1Co 15:34)24 The God who made the world and everything in it, being Lord of heaven and earth, does not live in temples made by man,