1And Hannah prayed and said, “My heart exults in the Lord; my horn is exalted in the Lord. My mouth derides my enemies, because I rejoice in your salvation. (1Sa 2:10; Ps 9:14; Ps 13:5; Ps 20:5; Ps 35:9; Ps 75:10; Ps 89:17; Ps 89:24; Ps 92:10; Ps 112:9; Ps 148:14; Lu 1:46)2“There is none holy like the Lord: for there is none besides you; there is no rock like our God. (Ex 15:11; De 32:30; Ps 86:8; Ps 89:6; Ps 89:8)3Talk no more so very proudly, let not arrogance come from your mouth; for the Lord is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.4The bows of the mighty are broken, but the feeble bind on strength. (Ps 37:15; Ps 46:9; Ps 76:3)5Those who were full have hired themselves out for bread, but those who were hungry have ceased to hunger. The barren has borne seven, but she who has many children is forlorn. (Ps 113:9; Isa 54:1; Jer 15:9)6The Lord kills and brings to life; he brings down to Sheol and raises up. (De 32:39)7The Lord makes poor and makes rich; he brings low and he exalts. (Job 1:21; Job 5:11; Ps 75:7)8He raises up the poor from the dust; he lifts the needy from the ash heap to make them sit with princes and inherit a seat of honor. For the pillars of the earth are the Lord’s, and on them he has set the world. (Job 36:7; Job 38:4; Ps 24:2; Ps 102:25; Ps 104:5; Ps 113:7; Da 4:17; Lu 1:52)9“He will guard the feet of his faithful ones, but the wicked shall be cut off in darkness, for not by might shall a man prevail. (Ps 91:11; Ps 121:3; Pr 3:26)10The adversaries of the Lord shall be broken to pieces; against them he will thunder in heaven. The Lord will judge the ends of the earth; he will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed.” (1Sa 2:1; 1Sa 7:10; 2Sa 22:14; Ps 2:9; Ps 18:13; Ps 89:24; Ps 96:10; Ps 96:13; Ps 98:9)11Then Elkanah went home to Ramah. And the boy was ministering to the Lord in the presence of Eli the priest. (1Sa 1:19; 1Sa 2:18; 1Sa 3:1)
Eli’s Worthless Sons
12Now the sons of Eli were worthless men. They did not know the Lord. (Jud 2:10; 1Sa 1:16)13The custom of the priests with the people was that when any man offered sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come, while the meat was boiling, with a three-pronged fork in his hand,14and he would thrust it into the pan or kettle or cauldron or pot. All that the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. This is what they did at Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there.15Moreover, before the fat was burned, the priest’s servant would come and say to the man who was sacrificing, “Give meat for the priest to roast, for he will not accept boiled meat from you but only raw.” (Le 3:5; Le 3:16; Le 7:23; Le 7:25; Le 7:31)16And if the man said to him, “Let them burn the fat first, and then take as much as you wish,” he would say, “No, you must give it now, and if not, I will take it by force.”17Thus the sin of the young men was very great in the sight of the Lord, for the men treated the offering of the Lord with contempt. (Ge 6:11; Mal 2:8)18Samuel was ministering before the Lord, a boy clothed with a linen ephod. (Ex 28:4; 1Sa 2:11; 1Sa 3:1; 2Sa 6:14; 1Ch 15:27)19And his mother used to make for him a little robe and take it to him each year when she went up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. (1Sa 1:3)20Then Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, and say, “May the Lord give you children by this woman for the petition she asked of the Lord.” So then they would return to their home. (1Sa 1:28)21Indeed the Lord visited Hannah, and she conceived and bore three sons and two daughters. And the boy Samuel grew in the presence of the Lord. (Ge 21:1; Jud 13:24; 1Sa 2:26; 1Sa 3:19; Lu 1:80; Lu 2:40)
Eli Rebukes His Sons
22Now Eli was very old, and he kept hearing all that his sons were doing to all Israel, and how they lay with the women who were serving at the entrance to the tent of meeting. (Ex 38:8)23And he said to them, “Why do you do such things? For I hear of your evil dealings from all these people.24No, my sons; it is no good report that I hear the people of the Lord spreading abroad.25If someone sins against a man, God will mediate for him, but if someone sins against the Lord, who can intercede for him?” But they would not listen to the voice of their father, for it was the will of the Lord to put them to death. (Jos 11:20)26Now the boy Samuel continued to grow both in stature and in favor with the Lord and also with man. (Lu 2:52)
The Lord Rejects Eli’s Household
27And there came a man of God to Eli and said to him, “Thus says the Lord, ‘Did I indeed reveal myself to the house of your father when they were in Egypt subject to the house of Pharaoh? (1Ki 13:1)28Did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? I gave to the house of your father all my offerings by fire from the people of Israel. (Ex 28:1; Le 2:3; Le 2:10; Le 6:16; Le 7:7; Le 7:34; Le 10:14; Nu 5:9; Nu 18:1; Nu 18:7; Nu 18:8; 1Sa 14:3; 1Sa 22:18)29Why then do you scorn my sacrifices and my offerings that I commanded for my dwelling, and honor your sons above me by fattening yourselves on the choicest parts of every offering of my people Israel?’ (De 32:15)30Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel, declares: ‘I promised that your house and the house of your father should go in and out before me forever,’ but now the Lord declares: ‘Far be it from me, for those who honor me I will honor, and those who despise me shall be lightly esteemed. (Ex 27:21; Ex 29:9; Jer 18:9)31Behold, the days are coming when I will cut off your strength and the strength of your father’s house, so that there will not be an old man in your house. (1Sa 4:11; 1Sa 4:18; 1Sa 4:20; 1Sa 22:18; 1Ki 2:27)32Then in distress you will look with envious eye on all the prosperity that shall be bestowed on Israel, and there shall not be an old man in your house forever. (Jud 18:30; 1Sa 4:11; Ps 78:59; Zec 8:4)33The only one of you whom I shall not cut off from my altar shall be spared to weep his eyes out to grieve his heart, and all the descendants of your house shall die by the sword of men.34And this that shall come upon your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, shall be the sign to you: both of them shall die on the same day. (1Sa 4:11; 1Ki 13:3)35And I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who shall do according to what is in my heart and in my mind. And I will build him a sure house, and he shall go in and out before my anointed forever. (1Sa 25:28; 2Sa 7:11; 2Sa 7:27; 2Sa 22:51; 1Ki 2:35; 1Ki 11:38; 1Ch 29:22; Ps 18:50; Ps 89:20)36And everyone who is left in your house shall come to implore him for a piece of silver or a loaf of bread and shall say, “Please put me in one of the priests’ places, that I may eat a morsel of bread.”’”
1 Samuel 2
New International Version
1Then Hannah prayed and said: ‘My heart rejoices in the Lord; in the Lord my horn is lifted high. My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance.2‘There is no-one holy like the Lord; there is no-one besides you; there is no Rock like our God.3‘Do not keep talking so proudly or let your mouth speak such arrogance, for the Lord is a God who knows, and by him deeds are weighed.4‘The bows of the warriors are broken, but those who stumbled are armed with strength.5Those who were full hire themselves out for food, but those who were hungry are hungry no more. She who was barren has borne seven children, but she who has had many sons pines away.6‘The Lord brings death and makes alive; he brings down to the grave and raises up.7The Lord sends poverty and wealth; he humbles and he exalts.8He raises the poor from the dust and lifts the needy from the ash heap; he seats them with princes and makes them inherit a throne of honour. ‘For the foundations of the earth are the Lord’s; on them he has set the world.9He will guard the feet of his faithful servants, but the wicked will be silenced in the place of darkness. ‘It is not by strength that one prevails;10those who oppose the Lord will be broken. The Most High will thunder from heaven; the Lord will judge the ends of the earth. ‘He will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed.’11Then Elkanah went home to Ramah, but the boy ministered before the Lord under Eli the priest.
Eli’s wicked sons
12Eli’s sons were scoundrels; they had no regard for the Lord.13Now it was the practice of the priests that, whenever any of the people offered a sacrifice, the priest’s servant would come with a three-pronged fork in his hand while the meat was being boiled14and would plunge the fork into the pan or kettle or cauldron or pot. Whatever the fork brought up the priest would take for himself. This is how they treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh.15But even before the fat was burned, the priest’s servant would come and say to the person who was sacrificing, ‘Give the priest some meat to roast; he won’t accept boiled meat from you, but only raw.’16If the person said to him, ‘Let the fat be burned first, and then take whatever you want,’ the servant would answer, ‘No, hand it over now; if you don’t, I’ll take it by force.’17This sin of the young men was very great in the Lord’s sight, for they were treating the Lord’s offering with contempt.18But Samuel was ministering before the Lord – a boy wearing a linen ephod.19Each year his mother made him a little robe and took it to him when she went up with her husband to offer the annual sacrifice.20Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife, saying, ‘May the Lord give you children by this woman to take the place of the one she prayed for and gave to the Lord.’ Then they would go home.21And the Lord was gracious to Hannah; she gave birth to three sons and two daughters. Meanwhile, the boy Samuel grew up in the presence of the Lord.22Now Eli, who was very old, heard about everything his sons were doing to all Israel and how they slept with the women who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting.23So he said to them, ‘Why do you do such things? I hear from all the people about these wicked deeds of yours.24No, my sons; the report I hear spreading among the Lord’s people is not good.25If one person sins against another, God may mediate for the offender; but if anyone sins against the Lord, who will intercede for them?’ His sons, however, did not listen to their father’s rebuke, for it was the Lord’s will to put them to death.26And the boy Samuel continued to grow in stature and in favour with the Lord and with people.
Prophecy against the house of Eli
27Now a man of God came to Eli and said to him, ‘This is what the Lord says: “Did I not clearly reveal myself to your ancestor’s family when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh?28I chose your ancestor out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to go up to my altar, to burn incense, and to wear an ephod in my presence. I also gave your ancestor’s family all the food offerings presented by the Israelites.29Why do you scorn my sacrifice and offering that I prescribed for my dwelling? Why do you honour your sons more than me by fattening yourselves on the choice parts of every offering made by my people Israel?”30‘Therefore the Lord, the God of Israel, declares: “I promised that members of your family would minister before me for ever.” But now the Lord declares: “Far be it from me! Those who honour me I will honour, but those who despise me will be disdained.31The time is coming when I will cut short your strength and the strength of your priestly house, so that no-one in it will reach old age,32and you will see distress in my dwelling. Although good will be done to Israel, no-one in your family line will ever reach old age.33Every one of you that I do not cut off from serving at my altar I will spare only to destroy your sight and sap your strength, and all your descendants will die in the prime of life.34‘ “And what happens to your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, will be a sign to you – they will both die on the same day.35I will raise up for myself a faithful priest, who will do according to what is in my heart and mind. I will firmly establish his priestly house, and they will minister before my anointed one always.36Then everyone left in your family line will come and bow down before him for a piece of silver and a loaf of bread and plead, ‘Appoint me to some priestly office so that I can have food to eat.’ ” ’
1 Samuel 2
King James Version
1And Hannah prayed, and said, My heart rejoiceth in the LORD, mine horn is exalted in the LORD: my mouth is enlarged over mine enemies; because I rejoice in thy salvation.2There is none holy as the LORD: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock like our God.3Talk no more so exceeding proudly; let not arrogancy come out of your mouth: for the LORD is a God of knowledge, and by him actions are weighed.4The bows of the mighty men are broken, and they that stumbled are girded with strength.5They that were full have hired out themselves for bread; and they that were hungry ceased: so that the barren hath born seven; and she that hath many children is waxed feeble.6The LORD killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up.7The LORD maketh poor, and maketh rich: he bringeth low, and lifteth up.8He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are the LORD', and he hath set the world upon them.9He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.10The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces; out of heaven shall he thunder upon them: the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth; and he shall give strength unto his king, and exalt the horn of his anointed.11And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child did minister unto the LORD before Eli the priest.12Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not the LORD.13And the priests'custom with the people was, that , when any man offered sacrifice, the priest' servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a fleshhook of three teeth in his hand;14And he struck it into the pan, or kettle, or caldron, or pot; all that the fleshhook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh unto all the Israelites that came thither.15Also before they burnt the fat, the priest' servant came, and said to the man that sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest; for he will not have sodden flesh of thee, but raw.16And if any man said unto him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently, and then take as much as thy soul desireth; then he would answer him, Nay ; but thou shalt give it me now: and if not, I will take it by force.17Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.18But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod.19Moreover his mother made him a little coat, and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice.20And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife, and said, The LORD give thee seed of this woman for the loan which is lent to the LORD. And they went unto their own home.21And the LORD visited Hannah, so that she conceived, and bare three sons and two daughters. And the child Samuel grew before the LORD.22Now Eli was very old, and heard all that his sons did unto all Israel; and how they lay with the women that assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.23And he said unto them, Why do ye such things? for I hear of your evil dealings by all this people.24Nay, my sons; for it is no good report that I hear: ye make the LORD' people to transgress.25If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against the LORD, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because the LORD would slay them.26And the child Samuel grew on, and was in favour both with the LORD, and also with men.27And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh' house?28And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to offer upon mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel?29Wherefore kick ye at my sacrifice and at mine offering, which I have commanded in my habitation; and honourest thy sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel my people?30Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed that thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me for ever: but now the LORD saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.31Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father' house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house.32And thou shalt see an enemy in my habitation, in all the wealth which God shall give Israel: and there shall not be an old man in thine house for ever.33And the man of thine, whom I shall not cut off from mine altar, shall be to consume thine eyes, and to grieve thine heart: and all the increase of thine house shall die in the flower of their age.34And this shall be a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them.35And I will raise me up a faithful priest, that shall do according to that which is in mine heart and in my mind: and I will build him a sure house; and he shall walk before mine anointed for ever.36And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left in thine house shall come and crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread, and shall say, Put me, I pray thee, into one of the priests'offices, that I may eat a piece of bread.
1 Samuel 2
New International Reader’s Version
1Then Hannah prayed. She said, ‘The LORD has filled my heart with joy. He has made me strong. I can laugh at my enemies. I’m so glad he saved me.2‘There isn’t anyone holy like the LORD. There isn’t anyone except him. There isn’t any Rock like our God.3‘Don’t keep talking so proudly. Don’t let your mouth say such proud things. The LORD is a God who knows everything. He judges everything people do.4‘The bows of great heroes are broken. But those who trip and fall are made strong.5Those who used to be full have to work for food. But those who used to be hungry aren’t hungry anymore. The woman who couldn’t have children has seven of them now. But the woman who has had many children is sad now because hers have died.6‘The LORD causes people to die. He also gives people life. He brings people down to the grave. He also brings people up from death.7The LORD makes people poor. He also makes people rich. He brings people down. He also lifts people up.8He raises poor people up from the rubbish heap. He lifts needy people out of the ashes. He lets them sit with princes. He gives them places of honour. ‘The foundations of the earth belong to the LORD. On them he has set the world.9He guards the paths of his faithful servants. But evil people will lie silent in their dark graves. ‘People don’t win just because they are strong.10Those who oppose the LORD will be totally destroyed. The Most High God will thunder from heaven. The LORD will judge the earth from one end to the other. ‘He will give power to his king. He will give honour to his anointed one.’11Then Elkanah went home to Ramah. But the boy Samuel served the LORD under the direction of Eli the priest.
Eli’s evil sons
12Eli’s sons were good for nothing. They didn’t honour the LORD.13When any of the people came to offer a sacrifice, here is what the priests would do. While the meat was being boiled, the servant of the priest would come with a large fork in his hand.14He would stick the fork into the pan or pot or small or large kettle. Then the priest would take for himself everything the fork brought up. That’s how Eli’s sons treated all the Israelites who came to Shiloh.15Even before the fat was burned, the priest’s servant would come over. He would speak to the person who was offering the sacrifice. He would say, ‘Give the priest some meat to cook. He won’t accept boiled meat from you. He’ll only accept raw meat.’16Sometimes the person would say to him, ‘Let the fat be burned first. Then take what you want.’ But the servant would answer, ‘No. Hand it over right now. If you don’t, I’ll take it away from you by force.’17That sin of Eli’s sons was very great in the LORD’s sight. That’s because they were not treating his offering with respect.18But the boy Samuel served the LORD. He wore a sacred linen apron.19Each year his mother made him a little robe. She took it to him when she went up to Shiloh with her husband. She did it when her husband went to offer the yearly sacrifice.20Eli would bless Elkanah and his wife. He would say, ‘May the LORD give you children by this woman. May they take the place of the boy she prayed for and gave to the LORD.’ Then they would go home.21The LORD was gracious to Hannah. Over a period of years she had three more sons and two daughters. During that whole time the boy Samuel grew up serving the LORD.22Eli was very old. He kept hearing about everything his sons were doing to all the Israelites. He also heard how his sons were sleeping with the women who served at the entrance to the tent of meeting.23So Eli said to his sons, ‘Why are you doing these things? All the people are telling me about the evil things you are doing.24No, my sons. The report I hear isn’t good. And it’s spreading among the LORD’s people.25If a person sins against someone else, God can help that sinner. But if anyone sins against the LORD, who can help them?’ In spite of what their father Eli said, his sons didn’t pay any attention to his warning. That’s because the LORD had already decided to put them to death.26The boy Samuel continued to grow stronger. He also became more and more pleasing to the LORD and to people.
Prophecy against Eli’s family
27A man of God came to Eli. He told him, ‘The LORD says, “I made myself clearly known to your relatives who lived long ago. I did it when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh’s rule.28At that time, I chose Aaron from your family line to be my priest. I chose him out of all the tribes of Israel. I told him to go up to my altar. I told him to burn incense. I chose him to wear a linen apron when he served me. I also gave his family all the food offerings presented by the Israelites.29Why don’t you treat my sacrifices and offerings with respect? I require them to be brought to the house where I live. Why do you honour your sons more than me? Why do you fatten yourselves on the best parts of every offering that is made by my people Israel?”30‘The LORD is the God of Israel. He announced, “I promised that members of your family line would serve me as priests for ever.” But now the LORD announces, “I will not let that happen! I will honour those who honour me. But I will turn away from those who look down on me.31The time is coming when I will cut your life short. I will also cut short the lives of those in your family line of priests. No one in your family line will grow old.32You will see nothing but trouble in the house where I live. Good things will still happen to Israel. But no one in your family line will ever grow old.33I will prevent the members of your family from serving me at my altar. I will destroy the eyesight of all of you I allow to live. I will also cause you to lose your strength. And everyone in your family line will die while they are still young.34‘ “Something is going to happen to your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas. When it does, it will show you that what I am saying is true. They will both die on the same day.35I will raise up for myself a faithful priest. He will do what my heart and mind want him to do. I will make his family line of priests very secure. They will always serve as priests to my anointed king.36Everyone left in your family line will come and bow down to him. They will beg him for a piece of silver and a loaf of bread. They will say, ‘Please give me a place to serve among the priests. Then I can have food to eat.’ ” ’